Myrica caroliniensis

swamp candleberry, evergreen bayberry


Synonyms:  Myrica heterophylla

wildlife plant   wildlife plant

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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: shrub
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 8-20 (12) ft    Width: 4-15 ft
Fruit Color: fruit color      brown
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Aroma, fragrance, interesting foliage


Recommended Uses: Screen or hedge plant. Deciduous to semi-evergreen.
Considerations: Clonal: it usually sends up sprouts from its roots to form thickets. The wood is somewhat brittle, but it will grow back if cut to the ground.
Propagation: Seed.
Availability: Native nurseries, Seed
Light: light requirement   light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, organic material (muck)
Soil pH Range: Acidic


wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Birds eat the fruit. Larval food.
Native Habitats: Wet sites. Bogs, swamps, flatwoods depressions, cutthroat seeps.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:


The waxy coating on fruit can be used to make candles, similar to its northern cousin, the bayberry (M.pensylvanica). Leaves can be used as a substitute for bay leaf for cooking soups and stews.

Other Comments:

Foliage fragrant when crushed.