Salix caroliniana

Carolina willow, coastalplain willow


wildlife plant   wildlife plant

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Use this link to get more info about this plant from the USF Institute for Systematic Botany

Plant Specifics

Form: tree
Life Span: long-lived perennial
Size: Height: 25-60 ft    Width: 20-40 ft
Flower Color: flower color      yellow
Fruit Color: fruit color      white
Phenology: deciduous
Noted for: Showy fruits, interesting bark


Recommended Uses: Casual lanscapes, moist areas. This tree can be attractive most of the year due to its fairly fine leaves. It is at its best for a brief period in early spring when it blooms (yellow) and then sets masses of white fruit at a time when little else is blooming. Will tolerate root disturbance and flooding. Will send up numerous sprouts from stumps.
Considerations: Weak wood, easily broken.
Propagation: Seed, cuttings.
Availability: Quality nurseries, Native nurseries, Seed
Light: light requirement  
Moisture Tolerance:
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, loam
Soil pH Range: Acidic to neutral


wildlife plant   wildlife plant  
Larval host plant for Viceroy (Basilarchia archippus). An important nectar source for native bees and other pollinators.
Native Habitats: Swamps, marshes, floodplains, glades around gator holes. Open, wet, sunny areas.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida

USDA Zones:

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Suitable to grow in:


Willow stems have been used for basketry and other woven wood structures such as fences and furniture. Willow sap contains salicylic acid, which is a natural ingredient of aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid).

Other Comments:

While generally a swamp plant, this tree can grow in uplands. There is a thriving volunteer in a parking lot island near this building. It is both thriving at attractive. Stems root readily and most of the stems stuck in a moist substrate will survive without any further care. Is often used in stream bank restoration.