Life Span: annual
Size: Height: 2-6 ft Width: .5-2 ft
Noted for: Showy flowers
Recommended Uses: Wildflower gardens and meadows.
Considerations: Readily self-seeds and can be fairly aggressive.
Propagation: Readily self-seeds, seeds can be easily collected by bagging the flowers once they start to wilt.
Availability: Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Salt Tolerance: Moderately salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand
Soil pH Range: 5.5 to 7.5
Attracts numerous pollinators - butterflies, hummingbirds, nut-hatches, warblers, and bumblebees.
Native Habitats: Disturbed sites, calcareous bluffs, shell mounds.
Distribution and Planting Zones
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Ethnobotany: Reports on edibility of this plant are conflicting...and there is potential to confuse this native with other red-flowered Salvia species. People have reported getting a severe stomach ache from consuming a concentrated extract from the flower. Others have suggested that the leaves can be dried and used instead of the imported sages. Both the leaves and flowers have a slightly sour minty taste and have been used in salads or as garnish. Just remember, what you eat is your own responsibility....
Other Comments: In mild areas, plants sometimes persist through the winter and will bloom again. They need to be cut way back or they will not be attractive.