Life Span: short-lived perennial
Size: Height: 1 - 1.5 ft
Phenology: winter dormant
Noted for: Showy flowers, interesting foliage
Recommended Uses: Wildflower garden. Roadside plantings. Can be mixed in with grasses or other low groundcovers. If kept mowed, it will reward you in the spring by creating a sea of blue.
Considerations: If planning to intermix in garden or grass, be aware that this species seeds readily. It definitely does not belong in a manicured lawn.
Propagation: Seed (strew on top of bare soil). Division.
Availability: Native nurseries, Seed
Salt Tolerance: Not salt tolerant
Soil or other substrate: Sand, clay, loam
Soil pH Range: Adaptable
Attracts many pollinators including hummingbirds, butterflies and bees.
Native Habitats: Disturbed sites. Roadsides, dry-mesic to mesic areas.
Distribution and Planting Zones
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
Suitable to grow in:
Ethnobotany: Young leaves are sometimes used in salads or can be steamed or boiled. Leaves can also be brewed as a tea. Somewhat minty. The plant had a number of medicinal uses none of which we would want to vouch for. FNPS has not validated these statements. What you eat or drink is your own responsibility.
Other Comments: The basal leaves are usually tingled with purple and have deep lobes toward the base, which is reminiscent of the shape of a lyre.