The Palmetto

The Palmetto is the official magazine of the Florida Native Plant Society. It is provided to members as a thank you for supporting the Society and its mission. The Palmetto is published quarterly and includes articles on native plants, native landscaping, Florida ecosystems, invasive species and their control, potential effects of climate change, native edibles, and many other subjects of interest to members.

Palmetto Articles

Listed Alphabetically by Title

Articles that can be downloaded are preceded by an Adobe pdf sysmbol

   Editor.   1984 (Winter).   1984 Conference Proceedings.   Palmetto 4 (4): 7-11.

   Editor.   1992 (Summer).   1992 Twelfth Annual Conference Highlights and Quotes.   Palmetto 12 (2): 6-7.

   FNPS Landscape Committee.   1996 (Fall).   1996 Design with Natives Landscape Awards Program.   Palmetto 16 (3): 6-9.

   Chamberlain, Nadja.   1997 (Summer-Fall).   1998 Florida Native Plant Society Landscape Awards Program.   Palmetto 17 (2): 24, 31.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Hopper, Rob.   2000 (Fall-Winter).   2000 Design with Natives Landscape Awards Winners.   Palmetto 20 (3): 2, 5-8.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   FNPS Landscape Committee.   2008 (Summer).   2008 Landscape Awards: Design with Natives.   Palmetto 25 (3): 4-9.

   Editor.   2008 (Summer).   2008 Palmetto Awards.   Palmetto 25 (3): 12-14.

   FNPS Conservation Committee.   2009 (Summer).   2009 Conservation Grants Awarded.   Palmetto 26 (3): 2.

   FNPS Science Advisory Committee.   2009 (Summer).   2009 Endowment Research Grants.   Palmetto 26 (3): 11.

Keywords:  research.

   Editor.   2009 (Summer).   2009 Palmetto Awards.   Palmetto 25 (3): 6-7, 10-11.

   Vanderveen, Bruce.   2010 (Summer).   2010 Conference Highlights.   Palmetto 27 (2): 2-12.

   FNPS Landscape Committee.   2010 (Fall).   2010 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 28 (3): 8-10.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   FNPS.   2010 (Fall).   2010 Palmetto Awards.   Palmetto 27 (3): 12-15.

   FNPS.   2010 (Winter).   2010 Palmetto Awards, Chapter Award, Magnolia Chapter.   Palmetto 27 (4): 14.

   FNPS Landscape Committee.   2011 (Spring/Summer).   2011 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 28 (2): 8-11.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   FNPS Landscape Committee.   2011 (Summer/Fall).   2011 Landscape Awards. Part II.. Non-residential Landscapes.   Palmetto 28 (3): 12-15.

   FNPS Landscape Committee.   2012 (Fall).   2012 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 29 (4): 8-11.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Cordata, Xavier.   2013 (Spring).   500 Artists, Gardens Commemorate Florida’s 500th Birthday.   Palmetto 30 (2): 8-11.

Xavier Cortada invited biologists, botanists and artists to identify and depict wildflowers that were around when Ponce de Leon first landed on our shores. The resulting FLOR500 project marks the moment when Florida’s history changed forever.

   Austin, Daniel.   1985-86 (Winter).   Commelina gigas: Rediscovered and Lost.   Palmetto 5 (4): 11.

   Osorio, Rufino.   1990 (Winter).   Pectis linearifolia.   Palmetto 10 (4): 4.

   Osorio, Rufino.   2008 (winter).   Piriqueta cistoides subsp. caroliniana.   Palmetto 25 (1): 8-9.

   Farnsworth, Steve.   1984 (February).   Psilotum nudum: Survivor of Eons.   Palmetto 4 (1): 4.

Whisk fern

   Johnson, Ann F.   1983 (May).   Quercus inopina: The "Unthought-of " Oak from South Central Florida.   Palmetto 3 (2): 5.

Keywords: endemic species, native species, scrub, scrubby flatwoods.

   Brolmann, John B..   1984-85 (Winter).   Stylosanthes Hamata - South Florida Coastal Dune Plant.   Palmetto 4 (4): 5.

Stylosanthes hamata

   Carrel, Carrie.   1991 (Winter).   Tradescantia Research Project.   Palmetto 11 (4): 6-7.

   Huegel, Craig N.   2009 (Spring).   A 'New' Species of Native Florida Orchid? Sacoila paludicola.   Palmetto 26 (2): 4-7.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Rosebraugh, Doris.   1982 (November).   A Backyard Notebook, A Brief Summary of Personal Experience with Natives as Backyard Plants, No 1: Wax Myrtle.   Palmetto 2 (4): 5.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Rosebraugh, Doris.   1983 (May).   A Backyard Notebook, A Brief Summary of Personal Experience with Natives as Backyard Plants, No 3: Florida Fiddlewood.   Palmetto 3 (2): 9.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Rosebraugh, Doris.   1983 (August).   A Backyard Notebook, A Brief Summary of Personal Experience with Natives as Backyard Plants, No 4: Redberry Stopper.   Palmetto 3 (3): 3.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Rosebraugh, Doris.   1983 (November).   A Backyard Notebook, A Brief Summary of Personal Experience with Natives as Backyard Plants, No 5: Black Ironwood.   Palmetto 3 (3): 3.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Rosebraugh, Doris.   1984 (April).   A Backyard Notebook, A Brief Summary of Personal Experience with Natives as Backyard Plants, No 6: Satinleaf.   Palmetto 4 (2): 2.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Corogin, Paul and Francis E. Putz.   2006.   A Bog by the Highway A Unique Flora Faces an Uncertain Future.   Palmetto 23 (1): 6-7.

Fowler's Prairie pitcher plant bog.

   Bollenbach, Donna and Juliet Rynear.   2014.   A collaboration of passion, purpose and science.   Palmetto 31 (3): 4-7, 15.

Bok Tower Gardens plant conservation program

   Wisenbaker, Michael.   2006.   A Conversation with Dr. Ellie Whitney.   Palmetto 23 (1): 10-11, 14.

Florida-based writer Michael Wisenbaker interviews Dr. Ellie Whitney about her role in creating PRICELESS FLORIDA.

   Starr, Wesley.   1990 (Spring).   A Couple of Landscaping Ideas.   Palmetto 10 (1): 13.

   Bissett, Nancy.   1996 (Spring).   A Final Word on Wild Grasses.   Palmetto 16 (1): 9-10.

   Editor.   1985 (Summer).   A Florida State Grass?.   Palmetto 5 (2): 11.

Sorghastrum secundum

   Wettstein, Fritz.   1992 (Spring).   A Future for Gopher Apples.   Palmetto 12 (1): 8-9.

Lycania michauxii

   Moyroud, Richard.   1990 (Summer).   A Green Carpet in the Biosphere.   Palmetto 10 (2): 20.

Grasses!  Including food crops and ornamentals.

   Wunderlin, Richard.   1992 (Winter).   A Knotty Problem of Names.   Palmetto 12 (4): 8.

   Fishman, Gail and Scott Davis.   2013 (Summer).   A Land Management Review Experience.   Palmetto 30 (3): 6-7.

FNPS participation in land management reviews around the state has many benefits for land managers, and for FNPS members who take part. 

   Winn, John.   1996-1997 (Winter).   A Longleaf Pine Restoration Project.   Palmetto 16 (4): 13-15.

   Sathre, Ann.   1989 (Fall).   A Mother’s Version of Going Pitcher Plant Hunting.   Palmetto 9 (3): 5.

   Naccarato, Andee.   2014.   A native celebration.   Palmetto 31 (1): 8-11.

Native plants at the Naples Botanical Garden

   Cascio, Joe.   1983 (February).   A Native Garden.   Palmetto 3 (1): 7.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Wiese, Christine Wiese and Michael .E. Kane.   2007.   A New Method of Propagation forZiziphus celata (Florida ziziphus), a Florida Endangered Species.   Palmetto 24 (3): 4-7, 15.

Keywords: propagation.

   Brown, Paul Martin and Joel DeAngelis.   2008 (winter).   A New Orchid Species from Central Florida: Pteroglossapsis potsii (Orchidaceae).   Palmetto 25 (1): 4-7.

Found at the Potts Preserve. Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Jenkins, Amy.   2006.   A panhandle spring specialty.   Palmetto 24 (1): 8-11.

   McCartney, Chuck.   2015.   Across the straits: observations on plants in Cuba.   Palmetto 32 (4): 8-11, 15.

A retrospective of the 2015 Florida Native Plant Society tour to Cuba.

   Bissett, Nancy.   1993 (Summer).   Allen David Broussard Catfish Creek State Preserve.   Palmetto 13 (2): 11-13.

Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, state parks, conservation lands, scrub.

   Lazarus, Sandy.   2000 (Summer-Fall).   Alyene Hays, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 12-13.

   Austin, Daniel.   1991 (Summer).   American Bays.   Palmetto 11 (2): 12-13.

A discussion of the unrelated species known by the common name'bay'.  Keywords:  Florida natives.

   Osorio, Rufino.   2004 (Fall).   American Black Nightshade.   Palmetto 23 (1): .

Solanum americanum.  A discussion of American black nightshade including biology and occurrence in natural and urban landscapes.

   Zakarkaite, Kristina and Jack Putz.   2017.   American lotus and its cose Asian counterpart.   Palmetto 34 (2): 11-15.

This article discusses the origins of the American lotus and its genetic ties to the Asican lotus to which it is closely related.

   Cascio, Joe.   1983 (November).   An Ecological Approach to Plant Design.   Palmetto 3 (4): 6-7.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Paker, John H..   1983 (August).   An Energy Analysis of Residential Landscapes.   Palmetto 3 (3): 7-10.

Keywords: landscaping, micro-climate.

   Alexander, Taylor R.   1981 (February).   An Exotic Plant Pest.   Palmetto 1 (1): 2-3.

Describes downy rose-myrtle, Rhodomyrtus tomentosus. Keywords: invasive species, pest plants

   Bennett, Bradley.   1997 (Summer-Fall).   An Introduction to the Seminole People of South Florida and Their Plants, Part 1.   Palmetto 17 (2): 20-21, 24.

The use of plants by the Seminole Indians of southern Florida. Keywords:  ethnobotany.

   Bennett, Bradley.   1997 (Fall-Winter).   An Introduction to the Seminole People of South Florida and Their Plants, Part 2.   Palmetto 17 (3): 16-18, 22.

The use of plants by the Seminole Indians of southern Florida. Keywords:  ethnobotany.

   Fishman, Gail.   2000 (Spring).   Angus Gholson, an iIterview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 19-20.

   Farsnworth, Steve.   1988-89 (Winter).   Another Exotic Nuisance - The Chinese Tallow Tree.   Palmetto 8 (4): 10.

Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

   Shropshire, Marjorie.   2010 (Winter/Spring).   Ants, Anthill, and Biodiversity with E.O. Wilson; An Interview with E.O. Wilson.   Palmetto 27 (1): 5-7.

   Minno, Maria , and Ronald Myers.   1986 (Winter).   Archibold Biological Station: Its History and Its Biology.   Palmetto 6 (4): 3-7.

   Austin, Daniel.   1981 (February).   Are Endangered Florida Plants Really Endangered?.   Palmetto 1 (1): 4-6.

Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Wylly, Molly.   1992 (Winter).   Audubon's Wild Poinsettia.   Palmetto 12 (4): 8.

   Hart, Robin L.   1995 (Spring).   Backlash to the Native Plant Movement.   Palmetto 15 (1): 9-11.

When there is a backlash to a movement, it indicates that the movement is having some effect. The article discusses the use of native plants in the landscape and the politics surrounding their recommendation and use. It specifically references the misinformation that is prevalent and stresses the importance of education.

   Sample, Kathy.   1981 (November).   Bartram Lives Again!.   Palmetto 1 (4): 9.

   Huegel, Craig N.   2013 (Spring).   Bartram’s Ixia: (Calydorea caelestina).   Palmetto 30 (2): 4-6.

For more than 150 years, botanists searched in vain for Bartram’s ixia. Not until 1931 was definitive proof of its existence provided in a publication by another famous Florida botanist, John Kunkel Small. Craig Huegel explores why this lovely plant is so elusive. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Black, Robert J.   1981 (August).   Be a Water-Saver.   Palmetto 1 (3): 1.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Braun, Greg.   2013 (Winter).   Beaches are wonderful places.   Palmetto 30 (1): 12-15.

Whether you are a resident of coastal or inland Florida, you probably live no more than an hour or two from a fascinating area of coastal shoreline. Greg Braun takes a look at some of Florida’s beachside plant species and the high energy habitat they occupy.

   Zona, Scott.   1994 (Spring).   Beautyberry, An Under-used Native.   Palmetto 14 (1): 3-4.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Hall, David.   1991 (Spring).   Beggar's-Tick.   Palmetto 11 (1): 15.

Bidens alba.

   Jordan, William III.   1987 (Spring).   Beyond Preservation.   Palmetto 7 (1): 7.

The global community is attempting to preserve examples of the earth's ecological communities. But preservation along isn't enough. Restoration is needed. The University of Wisconsin Arboretum has been conducting tallgrass prairie restoration for several decades. The restorationist's effort has broad economic and ecological implications for landscaping, both practically and spiritually. Article reprinted from the Orion Nature Quarterly

   Hopper, Rob.   2002 (September).   Bill & Nancy Bissett, an interview.   Palmetto 21 (4): 6-7.

   Partington, Bill.   2000 (Spring).   Bill Partington, personal statement.   Palmetto 20 (1): 21-23.

   Taylor, Sid.   2006.   Biodiversity &Native; Plant Genetics.   Palmetto 23 (4): 607, 14.

A discussion at the 2006 Annual Conferece. Understanding the genetic properties of native plants is important to preserving the diversity of species in the wild, but there is much to be learned about genetics, speciation, survival, and how introduced cultivars interact with native plant species.The recent Biodiversity and Native Plant Genetics Panel Discussion brought some of these important topics to light.

   Austin, Daniel.   1995 (Summer).   Black Calabash Bears Fruit in Florida!.   Palmetto 15 (2): 6-7.

Amphitecna latifolia. Keywords. Rare Plants, rare species.

   Austin, Daniel.   1992 (Spring).   Black Calabash in Southern Florida.   Palmetto 12 (1): 6-7.

Amphitecna latifolia Keywords:  rare species, rare plants.

   Lantz, Peggy.   1988 (Fall).   Bobcat Nature Trail.   Palmetto 8 (3): 7.

Describes a school nature trail in Orange County.

   Nelson, Gil.   2008 (Fall).   Bog Gardening with Carnivorous Plants.   Palmetto 25 (4): 4-7.

Sarracenia sp. Keywords:  gardening.

   Wallace, Susan R.   1988 (spring).   Bok Tower Gardens Saving Florida"s Rare Plants.   Palmetto 8 (1): 4-7.

A report on the rare pjlant conservation program at Bok Tower Gardens, Center for Plant Conservation and its rare plant collection. The article lists the species in the collection as of 1988 and provides photographs of several rare Lake Wales Ridge endemics. Keywords:  gardening, demonstration garden, endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Drylie, David.   1983 (August).   Book Review: A Guide to the Vascular Plants of Central Florida by Richard P. Wunderlin.   Palmetto 3 (3): 11.

[editor's note]  There are multiple more recent editions of this book.  Seek out the newest edition as there have been numerous changes since the original version was published.  This remains a very important reference for plant taxonomy in Florida.

   Lantz, Peggy.   1987 (Spring).   Book Review: Allergy Plants that Cause Sneezing and Wheezing by Mary Jelks.   Palmetto 7 (1): 14.

   Dingwell, Sue.   2009 (Spring).   Book Review: Bringing Nature Home by Doug Tallamy.   Palmetto 26 (2): 10-11.

Includes the book review and an interview with Doug Tallamy by the author Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Editor.   1992 (Winter).   Book Review: Butterfly Gradening for the South by Geyata Ajilvsgil.   Palmetto 12 (4): 18.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

   Wisenbaker, Mike.   2009 (Summer).   Book Review: Florida Magnificent Wilderness: State Lands, Parks and Natural Areas by James Valentine and D. Bruce Means.   Palmetto 26 (3): 12.

This is a coffee table book.

   Editor.   1983 (February).   Book Review: Florida Wildflowers and Roadside Plants by C. Ritchie Bell and Bryan J. Taylor.   Palmetto 3 (1): 10.

Keywords:  Plant identification

   Editor.   1988 (Fall).   Book Review: Florida, Images of the Landscape by James Valentine.   Palmetto 8 (3): 12.

This is a coffee table book

   Brinson, Sydney.   1986 (Summer).   Book Review: Guide to the Vascular Plants of the Florida Panhandle by Andre F. Clewell.   Palmetto 6 (2): 7.

Keywords:  plant identification, taxonomy.

   Workman, Dick.   1982 (August).   Book Review: Natural Landscaping: Designing with Native Plant Communities by John Diekelmann and Robert Schuster.   Palmetto 2 (3): 10.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Nelson, Gil.   2008 (Fall).   Book Review: Pitcher Plants of the Americas by Stewart McPherson.   Palmetto 25 (4): 7.

Keywords:  plant identification, taxonomy, endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Stibolt, Ginny.   2013 (Spring).   Book Review: Principles of Landscape Design by Travis Beck.   Palmetto 30 (2): 7.

Keywords:  native landscaping.

   Stout, I. Jack.   1987 (Spring).   Book Review: Restoration and Management Notes edited by W.R. Jordan III(book review).   Palmetto 7 (1): 14.

   Editor.   1992 (Winter).   Book Review: The Guide to Florida Wildflowers by Walter Kingsley Taylor.   Palmetto 12 (4): 18.

Book review Keywords:  Plant identification.

   Stibolt, Ginny.   2014.   Book review: The Living Landscape: Designing for Beauty and Biodiversity in the Home Garden by Doug Tallamy and Dick Darke.   Palmetto 31 (2): 10-11.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Bausch, Joan.   2007.   Book Review: The Swamp - The Everglades, Florida, and the Politics of Paradise by Michael Grunwald].   Palmetto 24 (4): 2.

Keywords:  wetlands, marsh, national park.

   McCartney, Chuck.   2004.   Book Review: Wild Love Affair: Essence of Florida?s Native Orchids by Connie Bransilver,.   Palmetto 23 (1): 11.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   McCartney, Chuck.   2006.   Book Review: Wild Orchids of Florida by Paul Martin Brown.   Palmetto 23 (1): 14-15.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, plant identification.

   Judd, Walter S.   1995 (Spring).   Book Review: A Remarkable New Book on Florida Plants by Wendy Zomlefer.   Palmetto 15 (1): 16.

A review of 'Guide to Flowering Plant Families' by Wendy Zomlefer. This bood includes beautiful plates of plant families. Most illustrations are of species found in Florida. The book includes an expansive appendix to 551 terms which are carefully defined. Keywords:  plant identification, taxonomy.

   Editor.   1988 (Fall).   Book Review: Caribbean Wild Plants & their Uses by Penelope N. Honychurch.   Palmetto 8 (3): 12.

Keywords: Plant identification, ethnobotany.

   Dehgan, Bijan.   1984 (February).   Book Review: Common Florida Angiosperm Plant Families, Part I by Wendy B. Zomlefer.   Palmetto 4 (1): 6.

Keywords:  Plant identification, taxonomy.

   Martin, Jack B.   2006.   Book Review: Florida Ethnobotany byDaniel Austin.   Palmetto 23 (2): 12.

   Editor.   1988 (Fall).   Book Review: Florida, My Eden by Frederic B. Stresau.   Palmetto 8 (3): 12.

Book review

   McCartney, Chuck.   2010 (Summer).   Book Review: Native Bromeliads of Florida by Harry E. Luther and David H. Benzing.   Palmetto 27 (2): 13.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, plant identification.

   Bass, Steve.   2010 (Fall).   Book Review: Native Plant Landscaping for Florida Wildlife. By Craig N. Huegel.   Palmetto 27 (3): .

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, wildlife.

   Gometz, Anne.   1997 (Spring).   Book Review: Plant Invaders: The Threat to Natural Ecosystems by Quentin C.B. Cronk and Janice L. ;Fuller].   Palmetto 17 (1): 5, 18.

Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

   Lee, David S.   2010 (Winter).   Book Review: The Gopher Tortoise, a Life History. By Patricia and Ray Ashton.   Palmetto 27 (4): 15.

   Editor.   1997 (Fall/Winter).   Book Review: The Right Plants for Dry Places - Native Plant Landscaping in Central Florida by the Suncoast Native Plant Society.   Palmetto 17 (3): 18.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Donaldson, Cameron.   1997 (Summer).   Book Review: The Sabal Palm, A Native Monarch by Barbara Oehlbeck.   Palmetto 17 (2): 5.

   McCartney, Chuck.   2011 (Fall/Winter).   Book Review: Wildflowers of Florida and the Southeast By David W. Hall and William J. Weber.   Palmetto 28 (4): 14-15.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Morrison, Ken.   1991 (Summer).   Boycott Mulch!.   Palmetto 11 (2): 16.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Cox, Anne.   2010 (Winter).   Building Partnerships - One State Land at a Time.   Palmetto 27 (4): 8-12.

   Fazio, James R..   1992 (Summer).   Building with Trees: Trees and Development Can Be Compatible.   Palmetto 12 (2): 12-13.

Speaks about positioning developed areas and natural areas in the landscape. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Huegel, Craig.   1992 (Fall).   Bumelias.   Palmetto 12 (3): 6-8.

Provides a description of Florida's bumelias (bulllies).  Now Sideroxylon.

   Hurchalla, Maggie.   1984-85 (Winter).   Bureaucracies and Disappearing Native Habitat.   Palmetto 4 (4): 7.

   Hall, David.   1985-86 (Winter).   Bushy Aster.   Palmetto 5 (4): 10.

Symphyotrichum dumosum (formerly Aster dumosus).

   Minno, Marc C. and Jeffrey R. Slotten.   1998 (Fall).   Butterflies Feed at White-Topped Pitcher Plants.   Palmetto 18 (3): 9.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, butterfly.

   Butts, Debbie.   1991 (Summer).   Butterflies Prefer - ?.   Palmetto 11 (2): 8.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

   Keim, Mary.   1993 (Fall).   Butterfly Counting.   Palmetto 13 (3): 24.

   Hannahs, Eve A.   1984 (February).   Butterfly Gardening with Native Plants.   Palmetto 4 (1): 3.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

   Moyroud, Richard.   1996 (Fall).   Cabbage Palms.   Palmetto 16 (3): 13-15.

Sabal palmetto.

   Nett, Harold J.   1981 (June).   Can Anybody Find a Champion Tree?.   Palmetto 1 (2): 8.

   Moyroud, Richard.   1998 (April).   Can I Interest You in Some Florida Swampland.   Palmetto 18 (2): 6-10, 28.

A discussion of mechanisms used by species which grow in forested wetlands (swamps) to survive under the extreme conditions and fluctuations present in those wetlands. The discussion includes cypress knees, lenticels, pneumataphores, aerial roots, buttresses, and other anatomical adaptations needed to keep the roots aerated.

   Bacchus, Sydney T.   1991 (Fall).   Can Wetlands Be Successfully Created?,.   Palmetto 11 (3): 3-6.

Keywords:  Wetland creation, restoration.

   Curtis, Linda.   2013 (Fall).   Carex: Where Are They?.   Palmetto 30 (4): 12-14.

Sedges such as Carex grow in every part of Florida, except for the Keys, where they are limited by a lack of salt tolerance. Linda Curtis explores the multitude of locations where Carex can found

   Lockhart, Chris.   1996 (Spring).   Carrotwood Lookout.   Palmetto 16 (1): 8.

Cupaniopsis anacardioides. Keywords: invasive species, non-natives, aliens.

   Editor.   2002 (May).   Cathie Katz Memorial.   Palmetto 21 (3): 21.

   Whaley, Robin.   1990 (Spring).   Causes of Seagrass Decline in the Tampa Bay Area.   Palmetto 10 (1): 7-10.

   Lieberman, Barbara.   2000 (Summer-Fall).   Cecil Kilmer, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 15-16.

   Tarflower Chapter, FNPS.   1998 (Summer).   Champion Lyonia Discovered in Central Florida.   Palmetto 18 (2): 23.

   Ward, Daniel B.   1990 (Winter).   Checklist of the Trees Native to Florida.   Palmetto 10 (4): 8.

   Eisner, Thomas.   1991 (Fall).   Chemical Defense of a Rare Mint Plant.   Palmetto 11 (3): 10-11.

Dicerandra frutescens. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Austin, Daniel.   2000 (Summer-Fall).   Chiggery Grapes.   Palmetto 20 (2): 7-9.

Tournefortia hirsutissima. Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

   Jubinsky, Greg.   1993 (Fall).   Chinese Tallow Gets Worse!.   Palmetto 13 (3): 3-4.

A description of Chinese tallow, its Florida distribution, ecology, and problem characteristics. Sapium sebiferum Keywords:  invasive species, non-natives, aliens.

   Austin, Daniel.   1997 (Fall-Winter).   Christmas Botany or How Reindeer Learned to Fly.   Palmetto 17 (3): 12-14, 23.

A discussion of some of the Christmas holiday uses of plants.  Not all related to Florida natives. Keywords:  ethnobotany.

   Editor.   2002 (May).   Chuck Salter Memorial.   Palmetto 21 (3): 5.

   Hall, David.   1987 (Spring).   Climbing Aster.   Palmetto 7 (1): 16.

Aster carolinianus - a plant to grow as a diffuse 'bush' or a climber.

   Hannahs, Eve.   1985 (Fall).   Cloudless Sulphur.   Palmetto 5 (3): 16.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

   Farnsworth, Steve.   1985 (Fall).   Cold Hardiness Report on Tropical Native Plants.   Palmetto 5 (3): 12.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Schwartz, Mike, and Jora Young.   1992 (Fall).   Collecting Rare Plants from the Wild: A Threat to Conservation Efforts.   Palmetto 12 (3): 8-9.

Collecting rare plants from the wild has the potential to harm native populations. Collecting entire plants is the worst, but cuttings can also cause problems. Collecting is sometimes illegal. A sidebar provides the FNPS Policy on Transplanting native Plants from the wild. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening policy, rare plants, endangered species, rare species.

   Hall, David W.   1996 (Spring).   Common Freshwater Aquatic Grasses.   Palmetto 16 (1): 17.

Keywords:  Plant identification.

   Hall, David.   1985 (Summer).   Common Spiderwort.   Palmetto 5 (2): 16.

Tradescantia ohiensis.

   Editor.   1997 (Summer/Fall).   Conference Scrapbook from 17th Annual FNPS Conference.   Palmetto 17 (2): 22-23.

   Wilson, Linda J.   2008 (Summer).   Conference2008– Highlights and Parting Shots.   Palmetto 25 (3): 15.

   Lewis, Scott and Joyce Maschinski.   2009 (Winter).   Connect to Protect: Creating Corridors to Protect South Florida’s Pine Rockland Plants.   Palmetto 26 (1): 4-7.

   Noss, Reed.   1986 (Summer).   Conservation Guidelines.   Palmetto 6 (2): 12-13.

An early list of FNPS priorities most of which are very relevant today.

   Alvarez, K.   1983 (August).   Conservation Issues of the Fakahatchee Strand.   Palmetto 3 (3): 7.

This article provides a brief history of the Fakahatchee Strand and its acquisition.  Some of the comments on conservation issues are a bit dated, in particular because considerable conservation land has been acquired since the article was written, such as Picayune Strand State Foreset and the Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge. Keywords:  conservation areas, state parks, rare plants, endangered species, endangered plants, orchids, bromeliads, hydrology.

   Lantz, Peggy.   1984 (September).   Coontie:The Handsomest of Native Plants.   Palmetto 4 (3): 3-4.

   Austin, Dan.   2006 Fall.   Cordia.   Palmetto 23 (1): 12-15.

Provides a description of Cordia globosa, its names (blood-berry is one), its range, and ethnobotany. Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

   Austin, Daniel.   2004.   Cordia.   Palmetto 23 (1): 12-14.

Bloodberry, Cordia globosa. Keywords:  Florida natives.

   Buhrman, Judith.   2002 (May).   Craig Huegel, an Interview.   Palmetto 21 (3): 8-9.

   Moriaty, William.   1989 (Spring).   Creating a Guidelines Manual.   Palmetto 9 (1): 6.

   Morris, Judy.   1994 (Winter).   Creating Habitats for Butterflies.   Palmetto 14 (3): 9.

Two basic principles apply: catipillars eat (larval food, leafy green plants) and butterflies drink (nectar from flowers). Attraction of butterflies requires awareness of the inset-plant connect. This article discussses reasons to plant a butterfly habitat. The most successful habitat in which the author was involved is the Haven Butterfly Garden Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, butterflies.

   Austin, Daniel.   1994 (Winter).   Creepers, Climbers, Twiners, Lianas, Vines and Wines.   Palmetto 14 (3): 6.

The term ""climber" for a plant that goes up some supporting host, "creepe" for a climber that fails to find a support and trails over the ground are discussed. The term "vine" apparently originates from French and Latin words that reference the grape, and the term "wine"; references the same word origin.

   Lyrene, Paul.   2013 (Summer).   Cross-pollination to ensure fruit and seed from native plantings.   Palmetto 30 (3): 12-15.

Fruit and seed production are important if we want to maximize the environmental benefits of native plantings. Paul Lyrene discusses methods to help natives in the home landscape become prolific producers.

   Hurhchalla, Maggy.   1998 (Summer).   Crossing the Everglades.   Palmetto 18 (2): 16-19.

Maggy Hurchalla and her brother Mark set out to cross the Everglades on foot. Their adventure included fighting through sawgrass, pinnacle rock, absence of surface water (to drink), hot sun, mosquitoes, buzzards, gators, rain, quagmires, and other challenges to wal from Ingraham Highway to the Shark Valley tower.

   Craig, R.M. and D. C. Smith.   1986 (Winter).   Cucumberleaf Sunflower, Helianthus debilis Nutt. Erosion Control of Coastal Areas.   Palmetto 6 (4): 11-12.

Discusses the use of a native plant for coastal stabilization.  Editor's note:  There are 3 subspecies of Helianthus debilis, with naturally disjoint ranges.  There is the potential for introgression if the subspecies are planted outside of their natural ranges.  

   Yarlett, Lewis L.   1984 (February).   Cutthroat Grass.   Palmetto 4 (1): 11.

Panicum abscissum.  Note:  the name has been changed to Coleataenia abscissa. Keywords:  endangered plants, endangered species, rare plants, rare species.

   Yarlett, Lewis L.   1981 (August).   Cutthroat Grass, A Unique Native Grass.   Palmetto 1 (3): 4.

Panicum abscissum.  Note:  the name has been changed to Coleataenia abscissa Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Miller, Ray.   2001 (November).   Cynthia Plockelman, an Interview.   Palmetto 21 (1): 16.

   Bonness, Maureen S.   2011 (Spring/Summer).   Cypress Knees Exploit Stumps.   Palmetto 28 (2): 4-7, 12.

   Herndon, Alan.   1984 (April).   Dade County Pinelands.   Palmetto 4 (2): 3, 11.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, plant communities, pine rocklands, ecosystems.

   Miller, Ray.   2000 (Spring).   Dan Austin, an Interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 23-25.

   Williams, T. Ann.   2000 (Spring).   Dan Ward, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 23-25.

   Morrison, Steve.   2009 (Spring).   Dancing in the Scrub.   Palmetto 26 (2): 8-9.

Presents the Florida endemic, Chapmannia floridana.

   Morrison, Ken.   1981 (February).   Defenders of Dead Trees.   Palmetto 1 (1): 3.

   Smith, Elizabeth.   1994 (Summer).   Delicate Ionopsis.   Palmetto 14 (2): 8.

Delicate ionopsis, Ionopsis utricularioides, was discovered in 1904. This article describes the species and what is known of its habitat and phenology in Florida. Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Chamberlain, Nadja.   1998-1999 (Winter).   Design with Natives 1998 Program Award Winners.   Palmetto 18 (4): 7, 13-15, 23.

Keywords:  native landscaping.

   Faulkner, Dorie and Rob Hopper.   1999 (Fall).   Design with Natives 1999 Landscape Award Winners.   Palmetto 19 (3): 15-19.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Devine, Richard.   1994 (Fall).   Designing the Natural Garden.   Palmetto 14 (3): 3-6.

The article discusses site analysis, planning, and landscape design for a natural yard, and presents illustrative diagrams for the various steps in the process. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   NeSmith, Peter.   1998-99 (Winter).   Details of Plant Restoration and Enhancement in Area 112.   Palmetto 18 (4): 10.

   Lynch, Sharon.   2000 (Spring).   Dick Deuerling, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 15-17.

   Lantz, Peggy.   2013 (Summer).   Dick Deuerling, wild food specialist.   Palmetto 30 (3): 15.

A biographical sketch of Richard (Dick) Deuerling.

   Trebatoski, JoAnne.   2000 (Summer-Fall).   Dick Workman, an Interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 18-19.

   Schmidt, Annie.   2000 (Spring).   Dick Wunderlin, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 25-27.

   Chellman, Pat.   1988 (Fall).   Did You Ever Wonder Why?.   Palmetto 8, #3 : 13.

   Bowman, Catherine and Ron Blair.   2012 (Winter).   Discoveries in the Vast Apalachicola River Wildlife Environmental Area.   Palmetto 29 (1): 12-15.

   Goodrich, Katherine.   2007 (Fall).   Does Your Pawpaw Smell Flowery or Fermented?.   Palmetto 24 (4): 12-15.

A comparison of the ordor of members of the genus Deeringothamus and Asimina related to their pollinators. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, plant identification.

   Otis, Diane.   2000 (Spring).   Don & Joyce Gann, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 17-19.

   Stout, Jack I.   1999 (Summer).   Dry Places in the Florida Landscape.   Palmetto 19 (2): 4-8, 15.

   Mock, Terry.   1995 (Summer).   Earth Restoration: the Bridge to New Global Culture.   Palmetto 15 (2): 8-9.

   Editor.   1987 (Spring).   Earth Stewardship -- One Man's Opinion: Terrance Mock.   Palmetto 7 (1): 8.

   Hannahs, Eve.   1984-85 (Winter).   Eastern Tiger Swallowtail.   Palmetto 4 (4): 16.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

   Cascio, Joseph.   1982 (February).   Education First.   Palmetto 2 (1): 3.

   Bailey, David.   1986 (Winter).   Endangered Butterflies Come Back!,.   Palmetto 6 (4): 8.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

   Wallace, Susan R.   1988 (Spring).   Endangered Plant Conference.   Palmetto 8 (1): 6.

A summary of an endangered plant conference hosted by Bok Tower Gardens. Presents resolutions made by conference participants and provdes guidelines for establishment of new populations of endangered plants in natural areas.

   Brown, Ralph E.   1984-85 (Winter).   Endangered Species Regulation: The Statue Entitled 'Preservation of Native Flora of Florida'.   Palmetto 4 (4): 7-8.

   Hall, David.   1985 (Fall).   Erect Day-Flower.   Palmetto 5 (3): 15.

Commelina erecta

   Stone, Peter A.   2010 (Summer).   Everglades Tree-Islands Vegetation Patches, Geologic Landforms, and Landscape Features.   Palmetto 27 (1): 4-7.

   Creel, Olan Ray.   2002 (September).   Evil Weevil Found in Fakahatchee.   Palmetto 21 (4): 8-9.

   Riefler, Steven M..   1984 (April).   Exceptional Natives for Dune and Scrub Areas.   Palmetto 4 (2): 4.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Editor.   1983 (May).   Excerpts from Annual Conference III.   Palmetto 3 (2): 2-3.

   Farnsworth, Steve.   1984 (September).   Exotic Control Program.   Palmetto 4 (3): 13.

   Jubinsky, Greg.   1994 (Winter).   Exotic Pest Plants.   Palmetto 14 (3): 8.

Exotic pest plants are a form of biological pollution that invades aquatic and terrestrial landscapes. Early detecton, eradication, or prevention are the only sure controls. Once established, exotic pest plants are extremely difficult and expensive to control.

   Hummel, Rita.   1986 (Fall).   Exotics - The Monstrous Three.   Palmetto 6 (3): 6.

Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

   Christman, Andrea N., Maria Minno, and Steven 'Torch' Miller.   1998-99 (Winter).   Facts about Fire in the Native Landscape: Part I.   Palmetto 18 (4): 6, 12.

Questions from FNPs members with answers by the authors. The article discusses fire-dependent ecosystems and the issue of fire prevention, subdivisions on the natural community edge, and policies that encourage green space. These sometime add up to areas in which fire management is difficult.

   Christman, Andrea, Stevem Miller and Maria Minno.   1999 (Spring).   Facts about Fire in the Native Landscape: Part II.   Palmetto 19 (1): 9, 21.

   Christman, Andrea N., Steven Miller and Maria Minno.   1999 (Summer).   Facts about Fire in the Native Landscape: Part III.   Palmetto 19 (2): 18-20.

   Coile, Nancy.   1994 (Spring).   Family Affiliation of Species on the Regulated Plant Index of Sept 1993.   Palmetto 14 (1): 7-9.

A compilation of species on the FDACS plant list and the plant families that they represent.

   Possley, Jennifer.   2014.   Fern conservation in a biodiversity hotspot.   Palmetto 31 (2): 4-9.

Fern biodiversity in Miami-Dade County fern grottoes.

   Hammer, Roger.   1996 (Spring).   Few-Flowered Fingergrass.   Palmetto 16 (1): 15-16.

Digitaria pauciflora.

   Tasker, Georgia.   1985 (Summer).   Fifth Annual FNPS Conference.   Palmetto 5 (2): 15-16.

   Herndon, Alan.   1985 (Fall).   Fire in Natural Communities.   Palmetto 5 (3): 4-5.

   Smith, Elizabeth.   1995 (Fall).   Firebush South Florida’s Plant for All Seasons.   Palmetto 15 (3): 3.

Hamelia patens, firebush, attracts wildlife. When the red and orange flowers are plentiful, it attracts butterflies, and humminbirds. In winter other birds forage in the branches.

   Bissett, Bill.   1997 (Fall/Winter).   Five Hundred Years of Florida Landscape - A Quick Tour.   Palmetto 17 (3): 6-11.

   Austin, Daniel.   1999 (Spring).   Florida Atlantic University: an Island of Environmental Changes.   Palmetto 19 (1): 7-8.

   Lee, Jim.   1999 (Summer).   Florida Bonamia, Our Resilient Scrub Morning Glory: Will it Survive.   Palmetto 19 (2): 16-17.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, endemic.

   LaPlante, Sharon.   1999-2000 (Winter).   Florida Butterfly Gardening: A complete Guide to Attracting, Identifying, and Enjoying Butterflies of the Lower South [Marc C. Minno & Maria Minno] (book review).   Palmetto 19, #4 : 17.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

   Smith, Elizabeth.   1995 (Summer).   Florida Butterfly Orchid.   Palmetto 15 (2): 3.

Butterfly orchid is one of the most common epiphytic orchids found in Florida. The article describes the plant, and gives an overview of its phenology.

   Ward, Daniel, and Robert Ing.   1995 (Spring).   Florida Champion Tree Project.   Palmetto 15 (1): 14-15.

A compilation of new Champion trees: Bucida buceras (black olive), Bucida spinosa (spiny black olive), Cereus robinii (key tree cactus), Coccoloba uvifera (sea grape), Drypetes diversifolia (milk-bark), Hypelate trifolia (white ironwood), Manilkara zapota (sapodilla). It also lists a number of species that have no champions.

   Burdett, Allen B. Jr.   1981 (November).   Florida Does Too Have An Autumn!.   Palmetto 1 (4): 1-2.

   Farnsworth, Steve.   1983 (February).   Florida Elm: An Overlooked Native.   Palmetto 3 (1): 3.

Ulmus americana

   Landrum, Fred.   1982 (August).   Florida Native Plant Marketing &; Information Service.   Palmetto 2 (3): 9.

Jackson-Lewis, Barbara.   2012 (Fall).   Florida Native Plant Society 33rd Annual Conference.   Palmetto 29 (4): 12-15.

A preview of the 2013 conference.

   Editor.   1999 (Fall).   Florida Native Plant Society Nineteenth Annual Conference.   Palmetto 19 (3): 6-8.

   Duever, Linda.   1983 (February).   Florida Natural Areas Inventory.   Palmetto 3 (1): 6.

This is an introduction to Linda Duever's series on native plant communities.  That series uses the terminology of the Florida Natural Areas Inventory as it existed in 1983.

   Buhrman, Judith.   1992 (Summer).   Florida Neighborhoods and Eco-Neighborhoods.   Palmetto 12 (2): 8-9.

   Womble, Hershell.   1984 (April).   Florida Palms for Graceful Landscaping.   Palmetto 4 (2): 1-2.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Minno, Maria.   1992 (Winter).   Florida Pines: Evergreens for the Christmas Season.   Palmetto 12 (4): 9-11.

   Bretz, Greg.   1982 (February).   Florida Plants for Florida Birds.   Palmetto 2 (1): 4.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, wildlife, birds.

   Wisenbaker, Michael.   1989 (Spring).   Florida Sinkhole Flora.   Palmetto 9 (1): 3-5.

Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, sink holes, limestone.

   Maehr, David S., and James N. Layne.   1996-97 (Winter).   Florida's All-Purpose Plant: the Saw Palmetto.   Palmetto 16 (4): 6-10, 15, 21.

Serenoa repens

   McCartney, Chuck.   1997 (Summer).   Florida's Aquatic Orchids.   Palmetto 18 (2): 20-23.

Florida has several species adapted to wetlands. Habenaria repens grows both rooted and floating in mats of vegetation and is relatively common. Platenthera nivea, the snowy orchid, blooms in bogs and wet meadows in May and June. Spiranthes odorata and S. cernua grow and bloom in as much as a foot of water in the Big Cypress swamp in autumn. Spiranthes laciniata rounds out the list of relatively common aquatic orchids; it blooms in the spring. Other, rare orchids, occur in Big Cypress and Fakahatchee strand as well as species that are usually terrestrial. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, wetlands, swamps, savannas, bogs.

   Hammer, Roger.   2012 (Winter).   Florida's Beloved Butterfly Orchid, Encyclia tampensis.   Palmetto 29 (1): 4-7.

   Ward, Daniel B.. and Robert T. Ing.   1996 (Summer).   Florida's Big Tree: Measuring the Senator, Florida’s Champion Bald Cypress.   Palmetto 16 (2): 14-16.

   Phillips, Philip Louis Phillips.   2009 (Spring).   Florida's Botanical Art.   Palmetto 26 (2): 12-14.

   Sathre, Eric.   1989 (Fall).   Florida's Carnivorous Pitcher Plants.   Palmetto 9 (3): 4.

Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, carnivorous plants.

   Ward, Daniel B., robert T. Ing and James Testin.   1993 (Winter).   Florida's Lost Champions.   Palmetto 13 (4): 3-5.

   Editor.   1993 (Fall).   Florida's Most Invasive Species.   Palmetto 13 (3): 6-7.

Provides a list of the species categorized as invasive by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Councel as of 1993.  Outdated.   For current information, please see Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

   Editor.   1993 (Fall).   Florida's Most Invasive Species.   Palmetto 13 (3): 6-7.

   Starr, Wesley.   1989 (Fall).   Florida's Native Cactus: The Opuntia.   Palmetto 9 (3): 8.

   Duever, Linda.   1983 (November).   Florida's Natural Communities: Coastal Dunes.   Palmetto 3 (4): 4-5.

   Duever, Linda.   1985-86 (Winter).   Florida's Natural Communities: Coastal Mounds.   Palmetto 5 (4): 15.

   Duever, Linda.   1985 (Spring).   Florida's Natural Communities: Cypress Swamps.   Palmetto 5 (1): 4-5.

   Duever, Linda.   1986 (Fall).   Florida's Natural Communities: Dry Prarie.   Palmetto 6 (3): 8-9.

   Duever, Linda.   1984-85 (Winter).   Florida's Natural Communities: Flatwoods.   Palmetto 4 (4): 6.

   Duever, Linda.   1984 (September).   Florida's Natural Communities: Floodplains.   Palmetto 4 (3): 8-10.

   Duever, Linda.   1983 (August).   Florida's Natural Communities: Inland Sand Ridges.   Palmetto 3 (3): 1-3, 10.

Sandhill and scrub.

   Duever, Linda.   1988 (Summer).   Florida's Natural Communities: Mesic Hammock.   Palmetto 8 (2): 4-5.

   Duever, Linda.   1986 (Spring).   Florida's Natural Communities: Overwash Plains and Coastal Berms.   Palmetto 6 (1): 10-11.

This article describes some of the varied coastal communites that form along the active interface between sea and shore.

   Duever, Linda.   1984 (April).   Florida's Natural Communities: Rocklands.   Palmetto 4 (2): 8-11.

Pine rockland and rockland hammock.

   Duever, Linda.   1984 (February).   Florida's Natural Communities: Seepage Communities.   Palmetto 4 (1): 1-2, 10-11.

   Duever, Linda.   1987 (Summer-Fall).   Florida's Natural Communities: Wet Prairies.   Palmetto 7 (2): 6-7.

Wet prairies are wetlands that have water for 50 to 100 days annually and sandy soils. They are maintained by fire. Natural wet prairies have a diverse mix of species. Invasion by Melaleuca, overgrazing, fire suppression and shifts to winter burns are concerns.

   Boughton, Betsey Hermanson.   2008 (Fall).   Florida's Rangelands: Areas of Conservation Value and Opportunities for Restoration.   Palmetto 25 (4): 12-15.

   McCartney, Chuck.   2017.   Florida's so-Called 'Butterfly Orchid'.   Palmetto 34 (1): 4-7.

Encyclia tampensis, a.k.a Florida butterfly orchid or onion orchid (for the shape of its pseudo-bulb), the origin of its names, and some of the history of how it came to get those names.. Keywords:  orchids, forests, swamps.

   Ward, Daniel B. and Robert T. Ing.   1995 (Fall).   Florida's Ten Tallest Native Trees Species.   Palmetto 15 (3): 6-7.

   Means, Howard.   1984-85 (Winter).   Florida's Venerable Naturalist.   Palmetto 4 (4): 5.

   Smith, Mary Ellen.   1989 (Fall).   Florida's Wildflowers.   Palmetto 9 (3): 9.

   Frank, Howard.   1999-2000 (Winter).   Florida’s Native Bromeliads Imperiled by Exotic Evil Weevil.   Palmetto 19 (4): 6-9, 12.

An analysis of the effects of Metamasius callizona, a weevil of Mexican origin, on the native bromeliads of Florida. Article presented as reprinted on the web page of IFAS.

   Cook, Charles.   2008 (Fall).   Florida’s Struggle with Cogongrass and Native Plant Conservation.   Palmetto 25 (4): 8-10.

   Girard, Dennis.   2008 (Summer).   Flowers Underfoot.   Palmetto 25 (3): 11.

A poem.

   Bissett, Bill.   1991 (Summer).   FNPS 1991 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 11 (2): 19-20.

Keywords:  native landscaping, awards.

   Chellman, Pat.   1993 (Summer).   FNPS 1993 Landscape Enhancement Awards.   Palmetto 13 (2): 16-17.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Editor.   1994 (Summer).   FNPS 1994 Annual Conference Highlights.   Palmetto 13 (2): 10-11.

   FNPS.   2007 (Fall).   FNPS 2007 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 24 (4): 8-11.

Descriptions and photographs of the 2007 FNPS landscape award winners.  Coe Visitor Center (Everglades National Park), Stoccardo Residence, Enchanted Forest Sanctuary, Ticknor Residence, Felts Audugon Preserve, Marilyn Smullen Residence, Circle B-Bar Reserve, Sharon Holding Residence. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   FNPS Landscape Committee.   2007.   FNPS 2007 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 24 (4): 8-11.

   Editor.   2000 (Fall/Winter).   FNPS 20th Annual Conference Highlights.   Palmetto 20 (3): 12-13.

   Editor.   2003 (February).   FNPS 22nd Annual Conference Highlights.   Palmetto 22 (1): 10.

   Wallace, Jane.   2009 (Fall).   FNPS Chapter Grant Funds: Signage in a Native Plant Garden.   Palmetto 26 (4): 11.

A Mangrove Chapter project at the Cedar Point Environmental Park with three primary objectives:  create an exhibit of Florida native and endangered plants; install larval food plants for native butterflies; and provide interpretive signs and materials to educate the public Keywords:  gardening, demonstration garden.

   Lantz, Don.   1995 (Fall).   FNPS History Revisited.   Palmetto 15 (3): 10-14.

   Lantz, Don.   1995 (Fall).   FNPS History Revisted.   Palmetto 15 (3): 10-12.

   Bissett, William.   1992 (Summer).   FNPS Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 12 (2): 16-17.

   FNPS Landscape Committee.   2009 (Summer).   FNPS Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 26 (3): 4-5, 8-9.

   Lantz, Peggy S.   1988 (Summer).   FNPS Member Wins National Landscape Award..   Palmetto 8 (2): 3.

Brightman Logan. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Lantz, Peggy.   1989 (Spring).   FNPS Members in the News.   Palmetto 9 (1): 11.

   Brooks, Jane.   1983 (November).   FNPS Policy on Environmental Activism.   Palmetto 3 (4): 9.

   Editor.   2004.   FNPS Research Endowment Program: a Sample of Projects from 2003-2004.   Palmetto 23 (1): 15, 17.

   Coile, Nancy C.   1992 (Winter).   Food Plants Native to Americas.   Palmetto 12 (4): 3-5.

   Hammer, Roger.   1998 (Fall).   Footloose in the Fakahatchee: A Longing for Wilderess.   Palmetto 18 (3): 5-6, 11.

A brief history of the Fakahatchee, from logging to preservation is presented. The extraordinary flora and fauna, including Lepahthopsis melananthat, Polyrrhiza lindenii, and Vanilla phaeantha are discussed.

   Albritton, Ken.   1998 (Fall).   Foraging for Pine Needles.   Palmetto 18 (3): 11-10.

The author discusses the problem of acquiring pine needles for mulch at reasonable cost. He prefers to scavange from trees overhanging residential streets. He points out that scavanging is hard labor (and he owns a truck!). His technique results in acquisition of needles worth $1000 or more without ecosystem damage (editorial comment).  Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Austin, Daniel F.   2007 (summer).   Fox-tail Millets - Bristly Foods.   Palmetto 24 (3): 12-14.

A duscussion of fox-tail millet, Setaria parviflora, and its former, and maybe current, use in cooking. Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

   Bryson, Charles T., Nancy C. Coile, and Jeffrey H. Rettig.   1998 (April).   Friend or Foe?.   Palmetto 18 (1): 16-19.

Cyperus compressus.

   Hammer, Roger.   2013 (Winter).   Fringed orchids of August - a journey to North Florida.   Palmetto 30 (1): 4-6.

People don’t usually think of orchids when they envision North Florida, yet nearly half of Florida’s more than 100 native orchids occur in the northern third of the state. Journey along with Roger Hammer and discover the botanical delights he has in store. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Hannahs, Eve A.   1983 (February).   Garberia.   Palmetto 3 (1): 5.

   Albritton, Ken.   1999 (Fall).   Garden Budgeting.   Palmetto 19 (3): 20.

Somewhat outdated but still valuable.  Natives are more available today than they were in 1999 and costs of various activities needed for creating a native garden have shifted with time.   Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Norwood, Mary Lou and Craig Huegel.   1992 (Winter).   Gardening for Hummingbirds.   Palmetto 12 (4): 14-15.

   Mann, Frank.   1989 (Summer).   Get Involved.   Palmetto 9 (1): 13.

A list of eight ways to become involved in the politics of saving native plant communities.

   Drake, Jim.   2010 (Winter/Spring).   Ghost s of the Hammocks: Voyria parasitica.   Palmetto 27 (1): 15.

Voyria parasitica, a rare Florida species in the gentian family Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Austin, Daniel.   1997 (Summer-fall).   Glades Indians and the Plants they Used.   Palmetto 17 (2): 7-10.

Keywords:  ethnobotany.

   Hammer, Roger L.   1999-2000 (Winter).   Goatsfoot, Maypop & Love-in-a-Mist, the Native and Naturalized Passionflowers of Florida.   Palmetto 19 (4): 18-20.


   Sathre, Eric.   1989 (Fall).   Going Pitcher Plant Hunting.   Palmetto 9 (3): 5.

Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Stewart, Kristine.   2001 (November).   Gold Mine of the Air, the Spanish Moss Industry of Florida.   Palmetto 21 (1): 12-13.

   Ward, Daniel B.   2010 (Winter/Spring).   Golden-dewdrop Duranta erecta (Verbenaceae).   Palmetto 27 (1): 10-12.

   Osorio, Rufino.   1993 (Winter).   Goldenrod Fern.   Palmetto 13 (4): 18.

Pityrogramma trifoliata

   Minno, Mark and Maria.   1984 (February).   Gopher Tortoise Preserve Proposed.   Palmetto 4 (1): 9.

   Iverson, Grace B.   2000 (Summer-Fall).   Grace Blanchard Iverson, personal statement.   Palmetto 20 (2): 14-15.

An interview with Cynthia Plockelman.

   Riefler, Steve.   1993 (Fall).   Grafting as an Aid to Growing Native Plants.   Palmetto 13 (3): 16.

Selecting the rootstock and making the graft. Keywords:  gardening, propagation.

   Yarlett, Lewis.   1981 (June).   Grass.   Palmetto 1 (2): 6-7.

   Yarlett, Lewis L.   1996 (Spring).   Grass Roots the Unseen Resource.   Palmetto 16 (1): 19.

   Hall, David W..   1996 (Spring).   Grasses.   Palmetto 16 (1): 4.

   Starr, Wesley G.   1988-89 (Winter).   Green Eyes: Study by Backyard Botanist.   Palmetto 8 (4): 4-7.

   Lyrene, Paul.   1982 (August).   Growing Native Blueberries.   Palmetto 2 (3): 4.

Keywords:  gardening.

   Hall, David W.   1987 (Fall).   Hairy Wicky.   Palmetto 7 (3): 16.

A species profile of Kalmia hirsuta.

   Putz, Francis E.   1998 (April).   Halt the Homogeocene: A Frightening Future Filled with Too Few Species.   Palmetto 18 (1): 7-9.

With more an more people moving to Florida, incentives are needed to encourage maintenance of native species and natural ecosystem processes, especially fire. Without these we are doomed to a future of disturbed ecosystems, less biodiversity, and expanses of invasive exotics. Keywords:  population, fire exclusion.

   Austin, Daniel.   1983 (February).   Hammocks.   Palmetto 3 (1): 4.

Discusses the origin of the term "hammock" for Florida's southern hardwood forests. Keywords:  plant communities, plant community classification.

   Hammer, Roger.   1997 (Spring).   Have We Lost the Young Palm Orchid.   Palmetto 17 (1): 8-9.

Tropidia polystachya Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, extirpated, extinct.

   Huegel, Craig.   1993 (Summer).   Hawthorns.   Palmetto 13 (2): 4-5.

   Lantz, Peggy S..   1982 (August).   Henry Nehrling, Pioneer Florida Horticulturist.   Palmetto 2 (3): 1-3.

   Langeland, Ken.   1999 (Spring).   Herbicides: Use 'Em, Don't Abuse 'Em, to Protect Our Native Flora.   Palmetto 19 (1): 16-17, 22.

   Johnson, Ann F.   2006 (1).   Here's Lookint at You Kid.   Palmetto 24 (1): 11-13, 15.

Imperrilled plants of the western Florida panhandle.

   Johnson, Ann F..   2006.   Here’s looking at you, kid -- the panhandle lily of northwest Florida.   Palmetto 24 (1): 12-13, 15.

   Deyrup, Mark.   1999 (Summer).   Hidden Patterns in the Florida Scrub.   Palmetto 19 (2): 8, 11.

Keywords:  plant communities, ecosystems.

   LaRue, Diane and Gayle Martin.   2010 (Summer).   Historical and Current Occurrence of Endangered Schizaea pennula at Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Florida.   Palmetto 27 (2): 8-11.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Walker, Karen J.   1997 (Summer-Fall).   Historical Ecology of the Southeastern Longleaf Pine.   Palmetto 17 (2): 16-19.

   Lantz, Peggy.   1985-86 (Winter).   Holiday Decorations with Native Plants.   Palmetto 7 (4): 4-5.

   Lantz, Peggy S.   1987-88 (Winter).   Holiday Wreath with Native Plants.   Palmetto 7 (4): 9.

   Austin, Daniel.   2001 (August).   Hoop Vine: The Plant That Wasn’t There.   Palmetto 20 (4): 10-12.

Hoop vine, Trichostigma octandrum,  is an unusual native (or is it?) found only when it wants to be. With a tradition of medicinal and ornamental use in many countries, hoop vine is colorful in more ways than one. Keywords:  ethnobotany.

   Ward, Daniel B.   1989-90 (Winter).   How Many Plant Species Are Native to Florida?,.   Palmetto 9 (4): 3-5.

   Ward, Daniel B. and Robert T. Ing.   1994 (Summer).   How old is a Silver Palm?,.   Palmetto 14 (2): 6-7.

   Ruesch, Carolyn and Green, Michael.   1981 (June).   How Private Organizations Save Native Plant Sites.   Palmetto 1 (2): 4.

   Bissett, Nancy.   1990 (Fall).   How to Encourage Roadside Wildflowers.   Palmetto 10 (3): 8-10.

   Mock, Terrance K.   1981 (August).   How to get Developers to Wear 'White Hats'.   Palmetto 1 (3): 8.

   Lyrene, Paul.   1982 (November).   How To Grow Blueberries From Seed.   Palmetto 2 (4): 10-11.

Keywords:  gardening, propagation.

   Brown, Rob.   1981 (August).   How to Kill Perennial Grass.   Palmetto 1 (3): 5.

Keywords: invasive species, pest plants

   Bettinger, Edith.   1990 (Spring).   How to Know Some of The Common Ferns of Central Florida.   Palmetto 11 (1): 6-8.

Keywords:  Plant identification.

   Lincer, Jeffrey L.   1984 (September).   How To Save A Habitat.   Palmetto 4 (3): 4-7.

   Howard, Frances.   1982 (May).   How to Save a Sand Dune.   Palmetto 2 (2): 1-2.

   Riefler, Steve.   1982 (May).   How to Sprout a Hickory.   Palmetto 2 (2): 9.

Keywords:  gardening, propagation.

   Davis, Joanne.   1991 (Spring).   How To Win An Environmental Referendum.   Palmetto 11 (1): 9.

   Taylor, Walter Kingsley.   2011 (Summer/Fall).   Hunting Wildflowers at Tosohatchee WMA.   Palmetto 28 (3): 8-9.

   Duryea, Mary.   1993 (Fall).   Hurricane Andrew Damage to Urban Forest: A Preliminary Evaluation.   Palmetto 13 (3): 18.

   Mingea, Mike and Patty Phares.   1992 (Fall).   Hurricane Report.   Palmetto 12 (3): 12-14.

Hurricane Andrew damage to native plant landscaping.

   Lyrene, Paul.   1995 (Winter).   In Defense of Vaccinium elliottii.   Palmetto 15 (4): 9-11.

   Editor.   1996-1997 (Winter).   In Memory of Harold J. Nett.   Palmetto 16 (4): 5.

   Iverson, Grace B.   2002 (January).   In What Way a Mentor (letter).   Palmetto 21 (2): 9.

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1991 (Fall).   Indian Lemonade.   Palmetto 11 (3): 7.

Shining sumac, Rhus copallina.

   Dixon, Wayne N..   1985 (Spring).   Insect Pests and Native Trees.   Palmetto 5 (1): 9-10.

   Hinkle, Ross C.   1994 (Winter).   Integration of Environmental Education with Ecological Research.   Palmetto 14 (3): 10-11.

   Minno, Mark and Maria.   1993 (Summer).   Interdependence.   Palmetto 13 (2): 6-7.

   VanHoek, Carmel.   1992 (Fall).   Inventorying McKethan Lake Recreation Area.   Palmetto 12 (3): 10-11.

Describes an inventory of McKethan Lake Recreation Area in Hernando County.

   Durando, Joe.   1995 (Fall).   It’s Seed Harvest Time!.   Palmetto 15 (3): 8.

Fall is the peak seed gather time. Dry fruit should be broken apart. Most seeds should be planted immediately. Some seeds need to be exposed to light, cold, or scarified. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, propagation.

   Foley, Nadine.   2001 (November).   Jean Daubenmire, 2001 Green Palmetto Award for Science.   Palmetto 21 (1): 9.

   Weekley, Carl.   2006 (1).   Jewels of the Ridge: 20 imperiled plants of the Lake Wales Ridge.   Palmetto 24 (1): 4-7, 11.

   Durako, Michael, and Fritz Wettstein.   1994 (Winter).   Johnson's Seagrass: The Rodney Dangerfield of Seagrass.   Palmetto 14 (3): 3-5.

Johnson's seagrass, Halophila johnsonii, is a small rare seagrass that occurs in lagoons along the southeast coast of Florida. It is most abundant in the hazardous environmetnst of developed ocean inlets. It has no known seed production, and storms and channel dredging can eliminate entire populations. It differs from other seagrasses by a number of characteristics described in this article. Illustrations and contrasts with similar species are provided. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Moyers, Susan Boro.   1997 (Summer-Fall).   Julia F Morton - 1912-1996.   Palmetto 17 (2): 14.

   Donaldson, Cameron.   1999 (Fall).   Keep our Sabals Safe from Harsh Prunning.   Palmetto 19 (3): 4.

Sabal palmetto. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Smith, Elizabeth.   2013 (Winter).   Keeping a nature journal.   Palmetto 30 (1): 8-11.

No matter the purpose, sketching and note-taking sharpens observation skills, improves drawing abilities, and helps create new connections. Learn how Elizabeth Smith documents the natural world with simple tools and creates beauty in the process.

   Workman, Dick.   1997 (Summer-Fall).   Kitchenware from Wood: Safe through the Ages.   Palmetto 17 (2): 24, 30.

   Wesley, David J.   1985 (Summer).   Lakela's Mint Now Protected.   Palmetto 5 (2): 12.

Dicerandra immaculata. Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Joyce, Rick and Dave Feagles.   2010 (Winter).   Land Management Review: Babcock Ranch Preserve.   Palmetto 27 (4): 13.

   Huegel, Craig N.   2010 (Fall).   Landscape Design: Gardening for the Birds Part II.   Palmetto 27 (3): 4-7.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, birds.

   Bissett, William.   1991 (Winter).   Landscape Designs with Native Plants.   Palmetto 11 (4): 3-5.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Pais, David.   1992 (Summer).   Landscape Ecology.   Palmetto 12 (2): 3-5.

   Mayfield III, Albert E..   2007.   Laurel Wilt: A Serious Threat to Redbay and Other Related Native Plants.   Palmetto 24 (3): 8-11.

A non-native disease that is killing members of the Lauraceae family. Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

   Betsch, Marvyne "The Beach Lady".   1987-88 (Winter).   Let the Lawn Mower Rust!.   Palmetto 7 (4): 16.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Editor.   1988 (Spring).   Letters.   Palmetto 8 (1): 10.

   Coile, Nancy C.   1992 (Spring).   Little-Leaf Redroot.   Palmetto 12 (1): 10-11.

Ceanothus microphyllus 

   Austin, Dan.   2003 (February).   Lizard's Tail.   Palmetto 22 (1): .

Sarurus cernuus.

   Pais, David.   1991 (Spring).   Loblolly Bay.   Palmetto 11 (1): 10.

   Niederhofer, Meg.   1997 (Fall-Winter).   Local Ordinaces Can Protect Community Trees.   Palmetto 17 (3): 15, 18, 22.

   Bacchus, Sydney T.   1991 (Winter).   Looking Beyond Hydrology: The Creation and Restoration of Wetlands, Part 2.   Palmetto 11 (4): 9-12.

Keywords:  wetland creation, wetland restoration.

   Bates, Judy.   1982 (November).   Low Cost, Low Care.   Palmetto 2 (4): 3-4.

Keywords: native lanscapeing, gardening

   Honychurch, Penelope N.   1997 (Summer-Fall).   Lowly Bidens Alba Serves People as Well as Butterflies.   Palmetto 17 (2): 11.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

   Osorio, Rufino.   1993 (Fall).   Lyre-Leaved Sage.   Palmetto 13 (3): 9.

Salvia lyrata.  A description of lyre-leaved sage and it's habitat and cultivation.

   Hannahs, Eve.   1986 (Summer).   Malachite, Atala, White Peacock.   Palmetto 6 (2): 9.

   Evink, G.L.; G.L. Henry and J.A. Lewis.   1983 (May).   Management of Native Vegetation Along Highway Rights-of-Way.   Palmetto 3 (2): 9.

Keywords:  native landscaping, transportation.

   Trebatoski, JoAnne, Roger Clark and Rick Joyce.   1998-99 (Winter).   Manatee Park Habitats Project: A Dream Becomes Reality.   Palmetto 18 (4): 16-17, 19, 23.

The Coccoloba Chapter joins forces with Lee County to recreate native habitats at Manatee park. The article discusses the process of creating agreements, designing the habitats, and implementing the design. Sharing talents, resources, and energy with many agencies and people created a synergy that lifted spirits and accomplished a shared drean in a short time.

   Zarillo, Kim.   2000 (Spring).   Margaret Hames, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 20-21.

   Mercadante, Ben and Peter NeSmith.   1998-99 (Winter).   Marion 1: Restoration of the Natural Landscape.   Palmetto 18 (4): 8-10.

   Norman, Eliane M.   1986 (Winter).   Mary Francis Baker (1876-1941) Wild Flower Enthusiast.   Palmetto 6 (4): 9.

   Huegel, Craig N.   2020.   Meadows for home landscapes: more than just wildflowers.   Palmetto 36 (1): 4-7.

Discusses meadows in the home landscape stressing that functional meadows are more than just wildflowers.  It discusses a number of grasses that are good additions to a home meadow.  These include sugarcane plumegrass, lopsided indiangrass, wiregrass, bluestems, Fakahatchee grass, maidencane, and sawgrass (a grass-like sedge).

   Moyers, Susan Boro.   1997 (Summer-Fall).   Medicinal Plants of Florida.   Palmetto 17 (2): 12-15.

   Editor.   1998 (Summer).   Memories of the 18th Annual FNPS Spring Conference.   Palmetto 18, #2 : 24.

   Austin, Dan.   2002 (January).   Milkworts.   Palmetto 21 (2): 10-11.

Polygala spp. Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

   Hall, David.   1986 (Summer).   Mimosa Vine.   Palmetto 6 (2): 8-9.

Mimosa strigillosa.

   Osorio, Rufino.   1991 (Summer).   Miniature Native Plants: Lindernia grandiflora.   Palmetto 11 (2): 6.

   Osorio, Rufino.   1991 (Spring).   Miniature Native Plants: Stenandrium dulce var. floridanum.   Palmetto 11 (1): 3.

   Putz, Francis E. (Jack).   2013 (Fall).   Mockernut Hickory: A Hard Nut to Crack.   Palmetto 30 (4): 8-9,15.

One of six hickory species native to Florida, Carya tomentosa is now scarce, the victim of over-logging and fire suppression. Jack Putz takes a long view of the mockernut, from its use as a foodstuff by pre-Columbian residents of Florida to its status in the present day.

   Austin, Dan.   2002 (September).   Moonvine.   Palmetto 21 (4): 10-11, 15.

Ipomoea alba. Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

   Oliver, J. Douglas.   1994 (Summer).   More Exotic Pests: Mile-a-Minute Weed.   Palmetto 14 (2): 17-18.

Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

   Lindquist, Jo Jo.   1996 (Spring).   More Grasses for the Landscape.   Palmetto 16 (1): 7-8.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Poole, Richard and Christine Brown.   2008 (Fall).   More Nitrogen Leached from Landscape Plantings than Lawns: A critique of a University of Florida experiment.   Palmetto 25 (4): 11.

Keywords: landscaping.

   Martin, H.W.   1994 (Spring).   More on Beautyberry.   Palmetto 14 (1): 5-6.

   Norman, Eliane M. and David Clayton.   1982 (November).   More on PawPaws.   Palmetto 2 (4): 5.

Asimina spp.

   Somerville, Evelyn.   1991 (Fall).   More on School Gardens.   Palmetto 11 (3): 12.

Keywords:  gardening, education.

   Foster, Bert T.   1983 (February).   More On Spanish Moss.   Palmetto 3 (1): 6.

   Mullins, Stephen.   1993 (Summer).   Moving Joewood Trees.   Palmetto 13 (2): 8-9.

Jacquinia keyensis. Keywords:  gardening.

   McCartney, Chuck.   1997 (Spring).   Mrs. Britton's Shadow Witch, Ponthieva Brittoniae.   Palmetto 17 (1): 10-11.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Clark, Kerry B.   1994 (Winter).   Multimedia in Natural History Education.   Palmetto 14 (4): 10.

   Ward, Daniel B. and Robert T. Ing.   2001 (August).   National Champions Awaiting Discovery.   Palmetto 20 (1): 8-9.

   Stibolt, Ginny.   2011 (Fall/Winter).   Native Container Gardens.   Palmetto 28 (4): 8-11.

Keywords:  gardening.

   Huegel, Craig.   2008 (winter).   Native Gardening for the Birds.   Palmetto 25 (1): 12-15.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, wildlife, birds.

   Yarlett, Lewis.   1982 (November).   Native Grasses For Florida Yards.   Palmetto 2 (4): 6-7.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Lippincott, Carol.   2001 (November).   Native Pine Beetle a Problem, But Not an Emergency.   Palmetto 21 (1): 14-15.

   Hannahs, Eve A.   1984 (Fall).   Native Plants and Butterflies.   Palmetto 4 (3): 16.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

   Desmon, Lee.   2002 (May).   Native Plants at Selby Gardens.   Palmetto 21 (3): 6-7.

   LaRue, Diane.   2012 (Spring).   Native Plants Common to Florida and Nova Scotia.   Palmetto 29 (2): 12-15.

   Gilbert, Julie.   1988 (Spring).   Native Plants For Central Florida Landscapes.   Palmetto 8 (1): 9.

Suggestions for native trees and shrubs that adapt well to urban landscapes. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Herndon, Alan.   1985-86 (Winter).   Native Plants for Fire Protection.   Palmetto 5 (4): 6-7.

   Yarlett, Lewis L.   1985-86 (Winter).   Native Plants for Restoration of Wetlands.   Palmetto 5 (4): 8-9.

   Craig, Robert.   1987-88 (Winter).   Native Plants Reduce Water Needs.   Palmetto 7 (4): 11.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Wettstein, Fritz.   1994 (Fall).   Native Plantsman Profile-Charles E. Salter.   Palmetto 14 (3): 8.

Presents an interview with early FNPS member Charles Salter.

   Editor.   2009 (Fall).   Native Visions: Illuminating the beauty of Florida's Native Plants.   Palmetto 26 (4): 4-7.

   Urban, Peg.   2010 (Winter/Spring).   Natives in Action.   Palmetto 27 (1): 8-10.

Photographs of native wildlife using native plants.

   Moriaty, William D.   1987 (Summer-Fall).   Natives T.R.E.E.S on the Interstate.   Palmetto 7 (2): 4-5.

The planting of the 375-acre I-75/I-4 Interchange with native plants was a huge community effort. The article describes the project and thanks the organizations and key individuals who made it happen.  Note:  This project was subsequently destroyed by road construction (editor). Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Smith, Elizabeth.   1993 (Fall).   Natural Dyes from Florida Native Plants.   Palmetto 13 (3): 12-15.

Describes the use of plants as sources of dyes through history with an emphasis how to use Florida native plants as dyes. Species include red maple (tan), live oak (dusty rose or gray), pokeberry (deep rose), beach sunflower (greenish-beige or tan), Coreopsis (yellow).

   Hart, Robin.   1993 (Spring).   Natural Landscaping vs. Mowing Ordinances.   Palmetto 13 (1): 8-9.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, policy.

   Lantz, Peggy.   1996 (Spring).   NEW FNPS Publication on Grasses.   Palmetto 16 (1): 10.

   Editor.   1989 (Summer).   Ninth Annual Spring Conference Wrap-Up.   Palmetto 9 (2): 10-12.

   Morrison, Ken.   1993 (Winter).   Notes from a Naturalist.   Palmetto 13, #4 : 22.

   Moore, Jon A.   2011 (Fall/Winter).   Notes on the Biology of the Fragrant Prickly Apple Cactus Harrisia fragrans.   Palmetto 28 (4): 4-7.

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1990 (Winter).   Nuts to you!.   Palmetto 10 (4): 13.

Includes hickories, beechnuts, chinquapins, acorns, pinenuts, basswod,bluebeech, groundnuts, coconuts and others..

   Austin, Dan.   2004 (March).   Oaks.   Palmetto 22 (4): 4.

Quercus spp. Keywords:  Florida natives.

   Beriault, John C.   1990 (Winter).   Observations on the Vegitative Community of the Beach Dune Ridge North of Wiggins Pass, Northern Collier County.   Palmetto 10 (4): 6-7, 17.

Keywords:  plant communities, beach dunes.

   Putz, Francis E.   2007.   On Fire.   Palmetto 24 (2): 4-7, 13, 15.

   Minno, Marc and Maria.   1998 (Summer).   On the Edge: The Atlantic White Cedars of Mormon Branch.   Palmetto 18 (2): 11-12.

An account of a visit to Mormon Branch, a spring-fed creek in Ocala National Forest. The branch is home to species rare in central Florida including the atlantic white cedar, hellow anise, needle palm, climbing pieris, and grass-of parnassus.

   Pancoast, John.   1992 (Summer).   One Man's Weed.   Palmetto 12 (2): 20.

   Osorio, Rufino.   1996 (Spring).   Ornamental Bunchgrasses.   Palmetto 16 (1): 5-6.

   Munson, June.   1991 (Spring).   Oshibana.   Palmetto 11 (1): 4-5.

   Curtis, Linda.   2015.   Our globally imperiled sedge.   Palmetto 32 (3): 4-7.

This article presents a portrait of Carex paeninsulae including its identification characteristics and habitat. Keywords:  endemic, rare species, sinkholes, limestone, plant identification.

   Morton, Julia F.   1989 (Winter).   Our Misunderstood Mahogany and Its Problems.   Palmetto 9 (4): 9-11.

   Luer, Carlyle A.   1997 (Spring).   Our Retreating Native Orchids.   Palmetto 17 (1): 7.

   Hannahs, Eve.   1984 (April).   Painted Lady.   Palmetto 4 (2): 3.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

   Urban, Peg.   2014 (3).   Palatlakaha Environmental and Agricultural Reserve.   Palmetto 31 (3): 2, 8.

Land Management review of the Palatlakaha Environmental and Agricultural Reserve.

   Hopper, Rob and Kristina Serbesoff-King.   2007 (winter).   Palm Beach County's Newest Display Garden.   Palmetto 24 (2): .

Designing an implementing a native plant garden at Mounts Botanical Garden. Keywords:  gardening, demonstration garden.

   Mock, Terrance.   1984 (September).   Palm Beach: Tropical Paradise or Expensive Illusion?.   Palmetto 4 (3): 11-12.

   Bissett, Bill.   1993 (Spring).   Palmettos and Plumes: Native Plant Floral Arrangements for Spring Conference.   Palmetto 13 (1): 20.

   Ward, Daniel B.   2011 (Winter/Spring).   Papaya Carica papaya (Caricaceae).   Palmetto 28 (1): 8-11.

   Lockhart, Christine.   2000 (Spring).   Paul and Sherry Cummings, an Interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 13-14.

   Gray, Phyllis.   2000 (Summer-Fall).   Peggy and Don Lantz, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 16-18.

   Doukas, Annette.   1993 (Fall).   Perennial Glasswort.   Palmetto 13 (3): 8.

A description of glasswort and its ecology.

   Putz, Francis E.   2006.   Perils and Joys of Ecosystem Restoration.   Palmetto 23 (3): 4-7, 14.

   Hornby, Paul L.   1994 (Winter).   Permitting Procedures for Harvesting Plants on the Regulated Plant Index.   Palmetto 14 (4): 9.

This article discussed Ch. 581.185 F.S. ';Preservation of Native Flora of Florida.'   Please note thatthis article  outdated, refer to the most current revision of the statutes [editor].. Keywords:  policy.

   Moriaty, William D.   1988 (Spring).   Perpetuating A Natural Heritage.   Palmetto 8 (1): 8.

Establishing native plants at Swann Circle Park in the Beach Park area of Tampa, a community effort.

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1989 (Summer).   Persimmon, Diospyros virginiana L.   Palmetto 9 (2): 20.

   Lantz, Peggy.   1988-89 (Winter).   Pesky Peppers Pickled.   Palmetto 8 (4): 12.

Brazilian pepper, an edible pest plant

   Robertson, David J.   1985 (Spring).   Phosphate Land Reclaimed, Part I.   Palmetto 5, (1): 7-12.

   Robertson, David J.   1985 (Summer).   Phosphate Land Reclaimed, Part II.   Palmetto 5 (2): 5-6.

   Moriaty, William D.   1987 (Spring).   Picnic Island Park: Three Years After the Freeze.   Palmetto 7 (1): 3.

Describes three years of restoration efforts at Picnic Ilsand Park including the combined success of a freeze that killed Australian pines and community efforts that planted natives.

   Stout, Jack I.   1990 (Winter).   Pigmy Fringe Tree Under Fire.   Palmetto 10 (4): 5.

Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Yarlett, Lewis L.   1982 (May).   Pineland Threeawn (Wiregrass).   Palmetto 2 (2): 8.

   Buhram, Judith.   1993 (Winter).   Planning a Wildlife Garden.   Palmetto 13 (4): 9.

   Beriault, John G.   1987 (Fall).   Planning and Planting a Native Plant Yard.   Palmetto 7 (3): 3-8.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Austin, Daniel.   1988 (Fall).   Plant Adaptations in the Fakahatchee.   Palmetto 18 (3): 7-8, 15.

Preserved since 1974, some 484 plant species, almost a quarter of them endangered, occur. These include royal palm, paurotis palm, eared spleenwort, narrow strap fern, tailed strap fern, hanging clubmoss, powdery catopsis, nodding catopsis, Fuchs' bromeliad, fuzzy-wuzzy airplant, tiny orchid, ghost orchid, hidden orchid, and Fakahatchee burmannia. The article present a paragraph on each species. Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, plant ecology.

   Cummings, Paul and Sherry.   1983 (November).   Plant More Cypress.   Palmetto 3 (4): 12.

Taxodium distichum and Taxodium ascendens as landscape plants. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Lippencott, Carol.   1996 (Summer).   Plant Species in Florida.   Palmetto 16 (2): 12.

   Beriault, John G.   1987-88 (Winter).   Planting A Native Plant Yard: Part II.   Palmetto 7 (4): 3-8.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Huegel, Craig N..   2020.   Planting a wildflower meadow.   Palmetto 36 (2): 4-7, 15.

Discusses designing, installing, and managing a meadow in a home landscape.

   Dick, Mary C.   1994 (Winter).   Planting for Energy Conservation.   Palmetto 14 (4): 10.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Greene, Tom.   2011 (Winter/Spring).   Point Washington State Forest.   Palmetto 28 (1): 2, 13.

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1992 (Winter).   Poke Salad.   Palmetto 12 (4): 16.

Phytolacca americana. Editor's note: this is one of several species that have foliage that is tasty when young and poisonous at other times.  The fruits are poisonous.

   Cascio, Joseph A.   1986 (Fall).   Policy on Transplanting Native Plants for Landscape Use.   Palmetto 6 (3): 14.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, policy.

   Daniels, Jaret C.   2012 (Fall).   Pollinators & Corridors.   Palmetto 29 (4): 4-5.

Florida’s roadsides are a network of living edges, touching and linking nearly every natural and agricultural resource in the state. Learn how roadsides and other unused areas such as canal margins and utility easements can be managed to benefit a variety of pollinator species.

   Austin, Dan.   2001 (November).   Pond Apples.   Palmetto 21 (1): 10-11.

Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

   Watson, Craig.   1991 (Summer).   Ponds in the Backyard Habitat.   Palmetto 11 (2): 4-5.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Lantz, Peggy.   1982 (August).   Preserving the Past.   Palmetto 2 (3): 2.

   Munson, June.   1993 (Winter).   Preserving the Wild.   Palmetto 13 (4): 16-17.

   Wheeler, Jessica.   2010 (Summer).   Pricing the priceless.   Palmetto 27 (2): 13-15.

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1989 (Fall).   Prickly Pear.   Palmetto 9 (3): 11.

   Workman, Dick.   1995 (Winter).   Primitive Technology or Making Do with Native Plants.   Palmetto 15 (4): 6-8.

   Ward, Daniel B.   2008 (Spring).   Primrose Willow, Ludwigia peruviana (ONAGRACEAE).   Palmetto 25 (2): 14-15.

Discussion about whether or not this problematic species might be native to Florida.

   Hamby, Carrie.   1999 (Spring).   Project WILD and Schoolyard Wildlife Programs: Promise for the Future.   Palmetto 19 (1): 6, 10.

   Pence, Valerie C..   2006.   Propagating & Preserving Pawpaws (and Other Rare Species) from Florida.   Palmetto 23 (4): 8-12.

   Seamon, Paul A.and Ronald L. Myers.   1992 (Winter).   Propagating Wiregrass from Seed.   Palmetto 12 (4): 6-7.

Keywords:  propagation, restoration.

   Eisner, Thomas.   1990 (Fall).   Prospecting for Nature's Chemical Riches.   Palmetto 10 (3): 11-12.

   Nelson, Gil and Tova Spector.   2011 (Winter/Spring).   Protecting Endangered Plant Species in Panhandle State Parks.   Palmetto 28 (1): 4-7, 15.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Hart, Robin.   1988 (Fall).   Protection of Endangered Species Plants Too?.   Palmetto 8 (3): 4-5.

Points out our strange societal values that value endangered animals over endangered plants. Reasons for protecting plants are discussed and include use to society as potential sources of drugs, food, fuel, fiber, protection against climatic change, protection of biodiversity. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, policy.

   Brinkley, Laura.   1983 (November).   Public Landscaping: How To Evaluate the Ecology.   Palmetto 3 (4): 2-3, 6.

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1990 (Spring).   Radishes and Onions.   Palmetto 10 (1): 12.

Includes a variety of wild foods including Florida betony (which has a radish-like root), and anything that smells like garlic or onion.

   Austin, Daniel.   2000 (Fall-Winter).   Rain Lilies.   Palmetto 20 (3): 14-16.

Zephranthes spp. Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

   Wolf, Kathy L.   1982 (August).   Rare Trees Discovered.   Palmetto 2 (3): 5.

Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Putz, Francis E.   2006.   Reading Your Landscape.   Palmetto 23 (4): 4-5, 12-13.

   Weekley, Carl.   2009 (Winter).   Recent Developments Boost Recovery Prospects of Florida Ziziphus.   Palmetto 26 (1): 8-11.

The discovery in 2007 of five new populations of Florida ziziphus is the most important development for the recovery of this critically endangered Lake Wales Ridge endemic since its initial rediscovery more than 20 years ago. New populations and experimental introductions have boosted the recovery prospects of this state- and federally listed shrub. To appreciate the significance of these recent developments, it helps to know something about the unusual history and biology of Florida ziziphus.

   Bartlett, Marcy R.   1988 (Fall).   Recipe for a Successful Celebration.   Palmetto 8 (3): 3.

   Johnson, Ann F.   1986 (Spring).   Recipe for Growing Florida Rosemary, Main Ingredient: Patience!,.   Palmetto 6 (1): 5.

Ceratiola ericoides

   Lantz, Peggy and Sam Hopkins.   1989 (Summer).   Red Hibiscus.   Palmetto 9 (1): 9.

A description of Hibiscus coccineus and its habitat and landscape uses.

   Kohfeldt, Nancy.   2006.   Remember Rosemary.   Palmetto 23 (3): 12-13, 15.

The perils of native rosemary and sand pine scrub in a development.  What Florida law allows.

   Noss, Reed.   Winter 1984.   Rescue or abuse? (editorial).   Palmetto 4 (4): 12.

An editorial expressing the concern that some people might be harvesting natives from the wild under the guise of rescue.  [editor's note] FNPS now has formal guidlines on when it is/is not appropriate to 'rescue' plants from the wild, needed permits, etc.

   Haynes, Jody L.   2006.   Research and Collecting Permit Information for Protected Native Plant Species in Florida.   Palmetto 23 (2): .

The information presented here was current in 2006.  Please be sure to consult more current information from FDACS.

   Morrison, Darrel G.   1983 (May).   Restoration Of Disturbed Sites.   Palmetto 3 (2): 3.

   Cummings, Paul and Sherry.   1987 (Spring).   Restoration on the Smallest Scale.   Palmetto 7 (1): 6.

As an individual, you can make a difference. Go plant something - a tree, a shrub, a groundcover. Plants purify air, clood the environment, provide shade. Start on a planting crusade. Planting of trees and shrubs is effective whether the plant if exotic, naturalized or native. Plant all you can. To be the most cost effective, plant native plants.

   Gann-Matzen, George.   1987 (Spring).   Restoration: A Global Perspective.   Palmetto 7 (1): 4, 13.

International conservation benefits florida. Living things depend on genetic diversity. Deys include sustainable development and regeneration of degraded lands.

   Drylie, David M. Jr..   1987 (Spring).   Restoration: The Initiation of a Natural Process.   Palmetto 7 (1): 10.

The article presents the mission of one of Florida's landscape architecture firms that specializes in native landscaping. Florida Landscapes and Associates, undertakes "creative conservation" blending the dynamics of natural systems ecology and the human landscape to create designs with nature. Green Images is a wholesale native plant nurserty that produces stock for native landscapes. People and their lives are interconnected to all other living things. Every minute of every hour our lives are affected by our dynamic relationship with nature. Design with Nature.

   Moore, Damon.   2010 (Winter).   Restoring Maripossa Key.   Palmetto 27 (4): 4-6.

   Robbins, Elizabeth.   1988 (Fall).   Rim Ramble.   Palmetto 8 (3): 8-9.

Describes a ranger-lead walk, the Rim Ramble, at Paynes Prairie State Preserve Park near Gainesville. The walk includes hammock and the edge of the prairie.

   Workman, Dick.   1992 (Winter).   Roadside Tree Planting in Florida Then and Now.   Palmetto 12 (4): 24.

Keywords:  native landscaping, transportation.

   Scott, Gwladys E.   2002 (January).   Roger Hammer, an interview.   Palmetto 21 (2): 7.

   Wunderlin, Richard P.   2002 (January).   Rolla Milton Tryon Memorial.   Palmetto 21 (2): 9.

   Trebatoski, JoAnne.   2000 (Summer-Fall).   Rosemary Fleming, an Interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 10-11.

   Buhrman, Judith.   1993 (Summer).   Round the Year on Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary.   Palmetto 13 (2): 14-15.

Describes a visit to the Audubon Society's Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary.

   Buhrman, Judith.   1992 (Winter).   Round the Year on Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary.   Palmetto 12 (1): 12-13.

   Buhrman, Judith and Scott Hedges.   1993 (Spring).   Round the Year on Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary.   Palmetto 13 (1): 3-4.

Describes a visit to the Audubon Society's Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary.  Editor's note:  This is now part of Kissimmee Prairie State Park.  The park includes the largest area of dry prairie remaining in Florida.

   Buhrman, Judith.   1993 (Fall).   Round the Year on Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary: Summer.   Palmetto 13 (3): 10-11.

Describes a an August visit of the Audubon Society's Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary.

   Editor.   2003 (February).   Roy Woodbury Memorial.   Palmetto 22 (1): 11.

   Trebatoski, JoAnne.   2000 (Spring).   Ruth Danforth, an Interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 14-15.

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1992 (Spring).   Salads.   Palmetto 12 (1): 17.

Includes a long list of plants that are good in salads.

   Godts, Teri.   2000 (Summer-Fall).   Samuel B. Hopkins, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 13-14.

   Simmonds, William.   1995 (Spring).   Sand - That Wonderful Stuff.   Palmetto 15 (1): 4-8.

This article present the challenge of growing lawn grasses on sand - the water and chemical needs to sustain grass. It then discusses what many natural flatwoods sand soils look like, including the hardpan layer that underlies most of them. The article thoroughly discusses the management of sand soil, how to manage water on them, and what not to plant (grass).

   Dutcher, Hollie and Francis E. Putz.   2015.   Saving cypress.   Palmetto 32 (4): 12-15.

A discussion of how current logging may be more damaging to the long-term suvival of cypress than historic logging practices.  Discusses issues such as cypress mulch and recent attempts to thwart or discourage logging.

   Weekely, Carl; Race, Tammera; and Hardin, Dennis..   1999 (Summer).   Saving Florida Ziziphus, Recovery of a Rare Lake Wales Ridge Endemic.   Palmetto 19 (2): 9-11, 20.

This article, as reprinted on the Archbold Biological Station web site, describes Florida ziziphus and its phenology and conservation status. Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, propagation, scrub.

   Weekley, Carl W., Doria R. Gordon, Joe Maguire, Joyce Maschinski, Eric S. Menges, Valerie C. Pence, Cheryl L. Peterson.   2008 (Spring).   Saving Florida's Rarest Plants: Florida’s Endangered and Threatened Plant Conservation Grants Program.   Palmetto 25 (2): 8-13.

   Moody, Norman.   1984 (February).   Saving Natives on Public School Property.   Palmetto 4 (4): 5.

   Tasker, George.   1990 (Summer).   Saving Parts of Florida Won't Save the Whole.   Palmetto 10 (2): 11-13.

Refers to the 10th FNPS annual conference

   Tasker, Georgia.   1990 (Summer).   Saving Parts of Florida Won't Save the Whole.   Palmetto 10 (2): 11-12.

   Fotinos, Tonya D., Joyce Maschinski and Eric von Wettberg.   2014.   Saving the endangered Florida Keys tree cactus (Pilosocereus robinii) using new genetic tools.   Palmetto 31 (2): 12-15.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Wilson, Dave.   1984 (September).   Saving the Palmetto.   Palmetto 4 (3): 10.

Sabal palmetto

   Wilson, Dave.   1982 (June).   Saw Palmetto: Emblem of the FNPS.   Palmetto 1 (2): 5.

Serenoa repens.  The article talks about the species.  [editor's note]  It says that the species is difficult to transplant (it is) with the implication that it is difficult to grow.  More modern nursery techniques have developed procedures such that this is now a good landscape plant.

   Killen, Linda.   1991 (Summer).   School Butterfly Gardens.   Palmetto 11 (1): 9.

Keywords:  gardening, butterflies, education.

   Stout, Jack I..   1996 (Spring).   Science Roundup.   Palmetto 16 (1): 20.

   Stout, Jack I..   1995 (Winter).   Science Roundup.   Palmetto 15 (4): 14-15.

   Stout, Jack I..   1995 (Spring).   Science Roundup.   Palmetto 15 (1): 17.

Biodiversity and gap analysis. Gap analysis is a GIS-based, coarse filter approach to mapping biodiversity hot spots. It recognizes that the approach is undergoing rapid changes in technology and in model components.

Stout, Jack I..   1994 (Winter).   Science Roundup.   Palmetto 14 (4): 14.

   Stout, Jack I..   1994 (Spring).   Science Roundup.   Palmetto 14 (1): 15.

   Stout, Jack I..   1994 (Fall).   Science Roundup.   Palmetto 14 (3): 16.

   Layne, James N. and Warren G. Abrahamson.   2006 (spring).   Scrub Hickory: A Florida Endemic.   Palmetto 23 (2): 4-7, 13.

Carya floridana

   Cole, Gertrude W.   1982 (February).   Scrub Palmetto, or Sabal etonia.   Palmetto 2 (2): 10.

Sabal etonia

   Katz, Cathie.   1995 (Summer).   Sea Beans-World Travelers.   Palmetto 15 (2): 4-5.

   Putz, Francis E.   2012 (Winter).   Sea Level Rise and Florida Coastal Forests.   Palmetto 29 (1): 8-11.

That sea levels are rising is hardly new news–they have been doing so since the end of the last major glaciation some 18,000 years ago. The current rate of rise, a little more than a tenth of an inch per year, is also not that unusual–6000-8000 years ago the seas were often rising ten times faster. What is different today and the reason for concern is that back then in response to rapidly rising waters, coastal dwelling Floridians just picked up and moved uphill, leaving their villages, burrows, nests, and rooted parents behind. Today it is not so easy to move uphill, for humans nor the rest of the biota, but move we must.

   Gann, Joyce.   1986 (Spring).   Seaside Plants for Problem Landscapes.   Palmetto 6 (1): 6-7.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Curtis, Linda.   2008 (Spring).   Sedges. Do We Know Them?.   Palmetto 25 (2): 4-7.

This articles presents the great variety of Florida's sedges and the main identifying characteristics of the genus.

   Huegel, Craig.   1993 (Winter).   Selecting Food Plants for Wildlife.   Palmetto 13 (4): 6-7.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, wildlife.

   Bissett, Nancy.   1986 (Spring).   Serenoa.   Palmetto 6 (1): 3-4.

Saw palmetto.

   Bartlett, Marcy.   1986 (Summer).   Shakespeare Knew Something About Landscaping.   Palmetto 6 (2): 8.

   Berthet, Bill.   2013 (Spring).   Sharing Memories with Butterflies.   Palmetto 30 (2): 12-15.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

   Jenkins, Amy.   2006 (fall).   Silene Polypetals.   Palmetto 24 (1): .

Silene polypetala, an imperilled species from Jackson and Liberty Counties. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

Cummings, Paul and Sherry.   1986 (Spring).   Six Hundred Miles of Native Plants.   Palmetto 2 (1): 1-2.

   Cascio, Joseph.   1987 (Summer-Fall).   Smaller is Better.   Palmetto 7 (2): 11.

Advice for establishing trees in the landscape. With proper care, small trees will grow faster than large container-grown trees and will catch up in size rapidly. The article provides advice for establishing a native landscape.

   Coile, Nancy.   1994 (Winter).   Some Endangered Plants Species in Florida: Why are they Designated' Endangered'?.   Palmetto 14 (4): 8.

The official state list of endangered and threatened plant species is maintained by the Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Endangered species are located throught the state, but concentrated in the Panhandle, Central Ridge, south Florida rockland hammocks, and Everglades. Rarity comes from various causes. Contributing factors include low genetic variabilitiy, poor see set, low seed viability, few pollinators, dioecious traits, suseptability to change in available water regime, temperature, succession, or competioion, or habitat destruction. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Jensen, A.S..   1982 (June).   Some Natives Trees.   Palmetto 1 (2): 9.

   Moyroud, Richard.   1996-97 (Winter).   South Florida Slash Pine, Pinus elliottii variety densa.   Palmetto 16 (4): 11-12.

   McCartney, Chuck.   1985 (Spring).   South Florida Wildflowers - Candidates for Cultivation.   Palmetto 5 (1): 8-9.

   McCartney, Chuck.   1985 (Summer).   South Florida's Epiphytic Orchids: How Healthy are They? Part I.   Palmetto 5 (2): 3-5.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   McCartney, Chuck.   1985 (Fall).   South Florida's Epiphytic Orchids: How Healthy are They? Part II.   Palmetto 5 (3): 8-9.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Foltz, John L.   2002 (May).   Southern Pine Beetles: What Do They Do & What Should We Do?.   Palmetto 21 (3): 10-11.

   Osorio, Rufino.   2011 (Fall/Winter).   Spanish Daisy Helenium amarum.   Palmetto 28 (4): 12-13.

   Jensen, A.S..   1982 (November).   Spanish Moss, Symbol of the Southland.   Palmetto 2 (4): 1-2.

Tillandsia usneoides

   Gholson, Angus K. Jr., W. Wilson Baker and Gil Nelson.   1997 (Spring).   Special Orchids of the Florida Big Bend.   Palmetto 17 (1): 13, 18.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Rawlings, Marjorie Kinnan.   1983 (Spring).   Spring At The Creek.   Palmetto 3 (1): 2.

   Putz, Francis.   2012.   Spring Comes to North Florida.   Palmetto 29 (4): 6-7.

The article talks about this harbinger of early Florida spring (technically still winter) and considers such topics as the value to toxic nectar.

Putz, Francis E (Jack).   2012 (Fall).   Spring Comes to North Florida.   Palmetto 29 (4): 6-7.

Yellow jessamine is common in a wide range of ecosystems and the large blooms contain a pharmacopoeia of toxins, some of which are passed on to insect visitors. Explore the plant strategies behind this spring beauty’s toxic nectar.

   Cummings, Paul and Sherry.   1981 (November).   Stamp Out Brazilian Pepper!.   Palmetto 1 (4): 10.

Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

   Cascio, Joseph.   1987-88 (Winter).   Standards for Native Plant Nurseries.   Palmetto 7 (4): 10.

   Wettstein, Fritz.   2011 (Summer/Fall).   Stickywilly, North Florida’s Winter Hobo.   Palmetto 28 (3): 10-11.

   Austin, Daniel.   1993 (Fall).   Stinking Passion-Flower: Hero or Villian.   Palmetto 13 (3): 5.

Discusses the spread of the non-native passionflower, Passiflora foetida. Keywords:  alien, non-natives.

   Austin, Daniel F.   2002 (May).   Sundews.   Palmetto 21 (3): 12-13.

Small carnivorous plants found primarily in wetlands, sundews have a surprising history of medicinal use. Keywords: Florida natives, ethnobotany.

   Osorio, Rufino.   1994 (Summer).   Sundrops and Friends.   Palmetto 14 (2): 9.

Oenothera species.

   Moriaty, William.   1988 (Fall).   Sunway Project Survival.   Palmetto 8 (3): 10.

   Smith, Larry M.   1988 (Summer).   Survival of Transplanted Sabal Palmettos.   Palmetto 8 (2): 11.

Sabal palmetto.

   Brooks, Wesley R, and Rebecca C. Jordan.   2013 (Fall).   Swamp Fern Experimental Hammock.   Palmetto 30 (4): 4-7.

An experimental hammock in Miami-Dade County is a testing ground for a novel restoration approach that may provide land managers with additional means to conserve rare species, and a tool to reduce noxious exotics on public lands.

   Darst, Melanie.   1983 (February).   Sweet Princess Of Far Florida: The Yellow Jessamine.   Palmetto 3 (1): 2-3.

Gelsemium sempervirens

   Osorio, Rufino.   1994 (Spring).   Sweet Spire: Itea virginica.   Palmetto 14 (1): 12.

   Ward, Daniel B.   2009 (Winter).   Tamarindillo or Cinnecord: Acacia choriophylla (LEGUMINOSAE).   Palmetto 26 (1): 12-13.

Discussion about whether or not this problematic species might be native to Florida.

   Butts, Glenn.   2013 (Fall).   Tarkiln Bayou Preserve State Park.   Palmetto 30 (4): 10-11.

Located in the extreme western portion of Florida, Tarkiln Bayou Preserve harbors near pristine stands of the rare and endangered whitetop pitcherplant (Sarracenia leucophylla), as well as other interesting species.

   Rogers, Evan.   2012 (Spring).   Techniques for growing native ferns from spores.   Palmetto 29 (2): 8-11.

Keywords:  propagation.

   Norman, Eliane.   2007 (Fall).   The “False Pawpaws” - History, Biology and Conservation of Deeringothamnus.   Palmetto 24 (4): 4-7, 15.

A comparison of Deeringothamnus with Asimina and lots of information of the ecology of Deeringothamnus. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, plant identification.

   Lantz, Peggy S..   1981 (February).   The Aeolian Harp Tree.   Palmetto 1 (1): 6.

Cabbage palm, Sabal palmetto. Keywords: native plants.

   Workman, Richard.   1990 (Spring).   The Alva Flower.   Palmetto 10 (1): 20.

The town of Alva is named after a plant!  Alvaradoa amorphoides.

   Beckner, John.   1997 (Spring).   The Biology of Florida's Orchids.   Palmetto 17 (1): 6.

   Hannahs, Eve.   1985 (Spring).   The Buckeyes (Precis coenia).   Palmetto 5 (1): 3.

Buckeye butterfly. Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

   Read, Robert W.   2009 (Fall).   The Cardinal Mallow: The Mystery of the Red Hibiscus.   Palmetto 26 (4): 8-10.

   Lantz, Peggy S.   1990 (Spring).   The Celestials.   Palmetto 10 (1): 3-6.

Bartram's ixia, fall flowering ixia, and herbertia Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Hammer, Roger L.   1995 (Winter).   The Coontie and the Atala Hairstreak.   Palmetto 15 (4): 3-5.

Zamia pumila Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

   Hart, Robin.   1987 (Fall).   The Dark Side of Protecting Wetlands.   Palmetto 7 (3): 10-11.

   Lantz, Peggy.   1989 (Spring).   The Elderberry.   Palmetto 9 (1): 10.

   Lantz, Peggy.   1990 (Summer).   The Enchanted Forest.   Palmetto 10 (2): 3-5.

Note:  This article presents a case for preservation of this diverse hammock.   The area has subsequently been purchased by Brevard County and is a local preservation area with visitors' facilities.

   Burdett, Allen J. Jr, Paul and Sherry Cummings, Paul and Sherry, Terry Mock, Marie B. Mellinger, Melanie Darst and Kathy Sample.   1981 (November).   The Endangered Species Act, The Lacey Act.   Palmetto 1 (4): 6-7.

   Rhoades, Heidi.   2006.   The Evil Weevil and the No-name Fly.   Palmetto 23 (2): 8-9.

Non-native, invasive insects carrying diseases to native plants. Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

   Creel, Olan Ray.   1999-2000 (Winter).   The Evil Weevil: What Will Florida Lose?.   Palmetto 19 (4): 10-11, 14-16.

An article on the risks posed by the introduced Mexican weevil to the native bromeliads of Florida as reprinted on the IFAS internet site.

   Moyroud, Richard.   1994 (Winter).   The Exotic Pest-Plant Council: Dealing with Biological Pollution.   Palmetto 14 (4): 7-8.

The Exotic Pest-Plant Council is a national non-frofit organization founded in Florida in 1984, and deidicated to communication of effective means of control of pest plants. Members include federal, state, and local agencies, private utilities, non-covernmental agencies, private business, and many individuals. Goals are education of the public, funding for development of integrated management strategist, and prevention of spread of exotic pest plants.

   Austin, Daniel.   1993 (Spring).   The Exotic Virgin Islands.   Palmetto 13 (1): 12-13.

Ethnobotany and invasive species in the Virgin Islands

   Austin, Daniel F.; Jones, Julie L.; and Bennett, Bradley C..   1986 (Summer).   The Fakahatchee Strand.   Palmetto 6 (2): 3-6.

Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, swamps, ecosystems, conservation lands, state parks.

   Nauman, Clifton E.   1986 (Fall).   The Ferns of Florida.   Palmetto 6 (3): 4-5.

   Riach, Jim.   1993 (Spring).   The Florida Cedars.   Palmetto 13 (1): 5-7.

   Brown, Paul Martin.   2000 (Spring).   The Florida Native Orchid Project.   Palmetto 10 (1): 6-10.

Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Koehler, Dennis P..   1985 (Summer).   The Florida Native Plant Cooperative.   Palmetto 5 (2): 7.

   Lantz, Peggy.   1981 (June).   The Florida Native Plant Society's Conference was A Clamoring Success.   Palmetto 1 (2): 1, 3.

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1991 (Spring).   The Forester's Friend.   Palmetto 11 (1): 11.

Cattails (Typha spp.) and their use as food.

   Lantz, Don.   1990 (Summer).   The Founding of FNPS, A Short History.   Palmetto 10 (2): 13-14.

   McCartney, Robert B.; Wurdack, Kenneth; Moore, Julie.   1989 (Summer).   The Genus Lindera in Florida.   Palmetto 9 (2): 13-14.

The articles contrasts the morphology and biogeography of these little-known Florida shrubs. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Yarlett, Lewis L..   1984-85 (Winter).   The Grass-Likes.   Palmetto 4 (4): 3.

Keywords:  plant identification.

   Sulak, Ken.   2014 (1).   The Inky Story of the Dinky Oak Gall.   Palmetto 31 (1): 4-7.

   Rowe, Rosalind and Chris Lockhart.   2011 (Summer/Fall).   The Invasion of the Non-native Climbing Ferns.   Palmetto 28 (3): 4-7.

Lygodiuim spp. Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

   Hammer, Roger L.   2004 (Fall).   The Lantana Mess: a Critical Look at the Genus.   Palmetto 23 (1): 21-24.

Describes the confusion around Lantanas and the way the way the names are used by the landscaping industry. It helps throw some clarity on the mess. Keywords:  plant identification, taxonomy, invasive species, non-natives, aliens, endemics, rare plants, endangered species, alter-natives.

   Mellinger, Marie B..   1981 (November).   The Loss Of Beauty.   Palmetto 1 (4): 3.

   Schuh, Robert B. and Ralph Bove.   1984 (February).   The Lost Habitat.   Palmetto 4 (1): 6.

   Osorio, Rufino.   1989 (Fall).   The Miniature Pipevine, Aristolochia serpentaria.   Palmetto 9 (3): 6-7.

   Fernandez, Juan.   1998 (Summer).   The Miracle Wokers of Virginia Key.   Palmetto 18 (2): 13.

A team of city workers tackles damage from Hurrican Andrews, and invasion by exotic pest plants to reveal remnants of the native ecosystems. They also discovered prickly ash (Zanthoxylum coriaceum), a species endangered due to habitat loss.

   Hannahs, Eve.   1985-86 (Winter).   The Monarch Butterfly.   Palmetto 5 (4): 12.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1994 (Spring).   The Native Violet.   Palmetto 14 (1): 20.

   Sias, Mildred.   1981 (August).   The Needle Palm.   Palmetto 1 (3): 3.

Rhapidophyllum hystrix Keywords: native plant, seep slopes, mesic uplands.

   Austin, Daniel.   1993 (Winter).   The Nuance and Wit of Carolus Linnaeus.   Palmetto 13 (1): 8-11.

An account of the binomial nomenclature developed by Carolus Linnaeus and observations on the humor, nuances, and creative geography used by Linnaeus in assigning names.

   Bissett, William F.   1987 (Summer-Fall).   The Ordinances are Coming.   Palmetto 7 (2): 10.

The article lists some of the Florida counties and municipalities that had enacted native plant ordinances as of 1987.

   Schenk, John J..   2014.   The origin of Florida scrub plant diversity.   Palmetto 31 (3): 12-14.

   Hannahs, Eve A..   1983 (November).   The Passion Flower and the Butterfly.   Palmetto 3 (4): 1-2.

Passiflora spp. Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

   Editor.   2000 (Spring).   The People Behind the Plants - Members: the Heart and Soul of FNPS Part I.   Palmetto 20 (1): 12-27.

   Editor.   2000 (Summer/Fall).   The People Behind the Plants - Members: the Heart and Soul of FNPS Part II.   Palmetto 20 (2): 10-19.

   Smith, Mariella.   1999 (Spring).   The Pepper Patrol: Eradication, Education, Restoration.   Palmetto 19 (1): 19.

Schinus terebinthefolius. Keywords:  invasive species, aliens, non-natives, pest plants.

   Bettinger, Edith.   1989 (Summer).   The Perfect Seed Envelope.   Palmetto 9 (2): 14.

Describes an envelope for collecting and storing seed that can be made from a simple sheet of paper.

   Bradley, Keith and George Gann.   1999 (Summer).   The Pine Rockland Forests of Southern Florida.   Palmetto 19 (2): 12-14, 19.

Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, conservation lands, national parks, plant communities, ecosystems.

   Coile, Nancy C.   1993 (Fall).   The Plant from Hell.   Palmetto 13 (3): 7.

An account of invasion of pastures and grazing lands by Solanum viarum. Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1991 (Winter).   The Pleasures of Sassafrass.   Palmetto 11 (4): 8.

Talks about beverages made from sassafras including both a very tasty tea and a beer.  Editor's note:  for safety, use these as occastional treats and not as beverages that you consume frequently as  recent studies have suggested that sassafras may have some carcinogenic components.

   Martin, Andrew.   2001 (August).   The Puzzling Carter's Orchid.   Palmetto 20 (4): 4-7, 13.

Basiphyllaea corallicola

   Brownscombe, Richard.   2014.   The rebirth of Cape Florida.   Palmetto 31 (1): 12-14.

FNPS participation in a land management review at Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park.  Includes history of the park and current status of the park and its planning.

   McCartney, Chuck.   1990 (Fall).   The Rein Orchids of Florida.   Palmetto 10 (3): 3-6.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Huegel, Craig N.   2012 (Summer).   The Relative Cold-Hardiness of Some South Florida Plants.   Palmetto 29 (3): 8-10.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Spence, Don and Jason Smith.   2013 (Summer).   The status of laurel wilt.   Palmetto 30 (3): 4-5, 8-10.

Perhaps millions of trees in the southeastern coastal plain have been killed by the fungal pathogen Rajfaelea lauricola since its symbiont, the Asian redbay ambrosia beetle was first discovered near Savannah, Georgia in 2002. Don Spence and Jason Smith investigate the current status of laurel wilt, now widespread throughout Florida.  The progression of this highly fatal disease across Florida and a summary of the ambrosia beetle-fungus diseasy cycle. Keywords: invasive species, non-native insects.

   Wunderlich III, Richard.   2008 (Summer).   The Sustainable Conference.   Palmetto 25 (3): 10.

   Marsh, John.   2000 (Fall-Winter).   The Tao of Gardening with Neighbors in Mind.   Palmetto 20 (3): 17-18.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   McCartney, Chuck.   1997 (Spring).   The Tetramicra Mystery.   Palmetto 17 (1): 12, 14-15.

   Moriaty, William D.   1990 (Fall).   The Tulip Tree in Pensacola.   Palmetto 10 (3): 6-7.

Liriodendron tulipifera

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1992.   The Ubiquitous Dandelion.   Palmetto 12 (3): 15.

The common dandilion, a small non-native weed, is a source of greens when young, cooked greens when somewhat older. Roots can be cooked and eaten or cooked and dried as a coffee substitute. Similar uses can be made of false dandelion and hawks beard. Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

   Godts, Jose E.   1990 (Winter).   The Upside-Down Flower.   Palmetto 10 (4): 3.

Butterfly pea, Centrosema virginianum.

   Editor.   2002 (September).   The Value of Bromeliads.   Palmetto 21 (4): 8.

Includes a second article stating that the "evil weevil" had been found in Fakahatchee by Olan Ray Creel.   Adapted from

   Salvato, Mark.   1998 (Fall).   The Wooly Croton: Host for Two Endemic South Florida Butterflies.   Palmetto 18 (3): 9-10.

The Florida leafwing and Bartram's hairstreak, use the wooly croton, Croton linearis, as their sole host plant. It is rare in the keys except on Big Pine Key but grows on the mainland in limestone areas of Dade and Monroe counties including Everglades National Park. Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly, larval foods.

   Mock, Terrance.   1986 (Fall).   The Year of Restoration.   Palmetto 6 (3): 13.

   Lee, Jim.   1998 (Summer).   The Yellow- Eyed Grass Family in Florida.   Palmetto 18 (2): 14-15, 29.

Members of the Xyris genus inhabit freshwater wetlands and wet pine flatwoods. Xyris is not grass. The 21 Florida species of  Xyris are presented along with a table of major distinguishing characteristics.

   Emmel, Thomas C..   1987 (Summer-Fall).   The Zephyr Lily, Florida's own Easter Lily.   Palmetto 7 (2): 3.

Florida rain lilies occur across central and northern Florida and provide a touch of spring color. The author describes the three species of rain lilies, where they grow, and their ease of naturalizing in the garden.

   Yarlett, Lewis L.   1986 (Fall).   Those Grass Names Where do They Come From?,.   Palmetto 6 (3): 7.

Keywords:  plant identification, taxonomy.

   Minno, Marc and Maria.   1999 (Spring).   Thoughts on Environmental Education.   Palmetto 19 (1): 18, 22.

   Osorio, Rufino.   1991 (Fall).   Three Pine Rock Land Shrubs.   Palmetto 11 (3): 8-9.

Florida tetrazigia, quail berry, beauty berry.

   Lantz, Peggy S.   1988 (Fall).   Three Projects with Native Plants.   Palmetto 8 (3): 6.

   Editor.   1981 (February).   Tiger Creek - A Bit of Unspoiled Florida.   Palmetto 1 (1): 7.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, preserves, conservation areas, The Nature Conservancy.

   Partington, William M. Jr.   1981 (June).   Tounge-in-cheek suggestions for Bigger and Better Sinkholes.   Palmetto 1 (2): 10.

   Pais, David.   1994 (Fall).   Toward a Working Definition of “Florida Native Plant”.   Palmetto 14 (3): 17.

A discussion of what is does, and doesn't mean for a plant to be a Florida "native." The issues of Carribbean species occurring rarely but naturally in extreme southern Florida, cultivars of native Florida species that originate in North Carolina, and cultivars that originate in Florida are discussed.

   Cascio, Joseph.   1983 (August).   Transplanting The Big Tree.   Palmetto 3 (3): 4-6.

Keywords:  gardening.

   Farnsworth, Steve.   1983 (May).   Transplanting The Wild.   Palmetto 3 (2): 4.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Lafferty, Michael.   1983 (November).   Tree Cactus May Be Protected.   Palmetto 3, #4 : 7.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

   Editor.   1997 (Fall/Winter).   Tribute to an Early Plant-Man, Henry Nehrling.   Palmetto 17 (3): 11.

   Doukas, Annette.   1993 (Winter).   Trumpet Creeper.   Palmetto 13 (4): 24.

Campsis radicans

   Putz, Francis.   2009.   Trying to Eat Tread Softlies.   Palmetto 26 (4): 12-13.

Concludes that this stinging species might not be appropriate for eating!  It is a delightful portrait of a native that is capable of defending itself.

   Moyroud, Richard.   2014.   Tupelo trees in Florida.   Palmetto 31 (1): 2.

Describes the tupelos (Nyssa) species native to Florida and some of their major characteristics.

   Bartlett, Marcy R.   1988 (Spring).   Turkey Creek Celebration.   Palmetto 8 (1): 13.

Summary of the 1988 Turkey Creek Celebration, Melbourne.

   Bartlett, Marcy R.   1982 (May).   Turkey Creek's Protean Paw Paw.   Palmetto 2 (2): 4-5.

   Cummings, Paul and Sherry.   1994 (Summer).   Twelve hundred (1200) Miles of Native Plants.   Palmetto 14 (2): 3-5.

   Editor.   2001 (November).   Twenty-first Annual Conference Highlights.   Palmetto 21 (1): 6-7.

   Artinni, Annette, Gayle Edwards, Rita Grat, JonAnne Trebatoski and Leslie Veber.   2002 (September).   Two Dozen of Us Native Plant Folks Visited Costa Rica, FNPS Tales of Travel & Adventure.   Palmetto 21 (4): 12-14.

Remembering FNPS' first trip abroad.

   FNPS Conservation Committee.   2008 (Summer).   Two FNPS Conservation Grants Awarded at 2008 Conference.   Palmetto 25 (3): 11.

   Starr, Wesley G.   1989 (Spring).   Two Years later: My Native Plant Garden.   Palmetto 9 (1): 15.

Keywords:  gardening.

   Norris, Larry L..   1988 (Summer).   Uniform Appearance: Yes. Uniform Terms? Not yet.   Palmetto 8 (2): 6-7.

Keywords: native landscaping, gardening, restoration, nurseries, nursery stock.

   Hannahs, Eve.   1985 (Spring).   Update on Garberia fructicosa.   Palmetto 5 (1): 3.

Garberia heterophylla (formerly Garberia fruticosa)

   Bissett, Nancy J.   1996 (Summer).   Upland Restoration Challenge.   Palmetto 6 (2): 8-11.

   Strelkow, Peter F.   1984-85 (Winter).   Using Design Principles with Native Plants.   Palmetto 4 (4): 9-10.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Lawson, Joseph T..   1984-85 (Winter).   Using Native Plants on Public School Property.   Palmetto 4 (4): 8-9.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Bacchus, Sydney T.   1992 (Spring).   Variations due to Age, Localized Conditions, and Successional Factors Within Species: The Creation and Restoration of Wetlands, Part 3.   Palmetto 12, (1): 14-16.

Keywords:  wetland creation, wetland restoration.

   Craig, Robert M. and Donald C. Smith.   1987 (Spring).   Vegetation in Areas Stripminded for Phosphate.   Palmetto 7 (1): 5.

Common species for strip mined lands after 60 years of succession are reported. Live and water oaks were the most abundant trees. Shrubs included baccharis, wax myrtle, and lantana. Vines included catbriar and muscadine grape. Grasses included natalgrass, bushybeard bluestem, bermuda grass and smutgrass.

   Peroni, Patricia A. and Warren G. Abrahamson.   1985 (Fall).   Vegetation Loss on the Southern Lake Wales Ridge.   Palmetto 5 (3): 6-7.

   Mull, Patricia B.   2002 (January).   Villa Maria, a Florida-Caribbean Jewel on Florida Bay.   Palmetto 21 (2): 17-19.

   Hall, David.   1986 (Spring).   Virginia Creeper.   Palmetto 6 (1): 12.

Parthenocissus quinquifolia

   Trebatoski, JoAnne.   2000 (Summer-Fall).   Virginia Girardin, an Interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 11-12.

   Riefler, Steve.   1985 (Fall).   Washington County, Floristically.   Palmetto 5 (3): 10.

   Mock, Terrance.   1982 (February).   Water Experts Call for Native Vegetation.   Palmetto 2 (1): 5, 9.

Keywords: native landscaping.

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1991 (Summer).   Water Lilies.   Palmetto 11, (2): 7.

Discusses American lotus, fragrant waterlily and yellow waterlily in terms of their use as food plants.  Please note that Florida has other native waterlilies, some rare, please do not harvest indescriminantly.

   Stibolt, Ginny.   2011 (Winter/Spring).   Water Science & Plants.   Palmetto 28 (1): 12-14.

Keywords:  gardening.

   Workman, Dick and Marjorie Shropshire.   2012 (Spring).   Weaving a Serenoa Field Basket.   Palmetto 29 (2): 4-7.

   Cascio, Joe.   1988 (Summer).   Wetlands.   Palmetto 8 (2): 8-9.

   Strong, Madeline.   1999 (Spring).   What Floridians Don't Know about Florida.   Palmetto 19 (1): 5.

   Ward, Daniel B. and Robert T. Ing.   1992 (Spring).   Where are the Florida Champions.   Palmetto 12 (1): 3-5.

   Wunderlin, Richard P..   2002 (January).   Where's the Proof? The Importance of Herbarium Specimens.   Palmetto 21 (2): 6.

   Mock, K. Terrance.   1981 (November).   Which Comes First? Supply or Demand?.   Palmetto 1 (4): 8.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Stein, Sara.   1999 (Fall).   Whose Ladybug is it?.   Palmetto 19 (3): 9-14.

Comparing two ladybug species:  one native and one a non-native pest. Keywords: invasive species, insects.

   Minno, Maria.   1992 (Fall).   Why Children Should Study Nature.   Palmetto 12 (3): 3-5.

Lists reasons for nature study in schools including encouraging interest in science, increasing ecological literacy, and fun. A potential role for FNPS in the classroom is presented.

   Rogers, George.   2014.   Why do figs taste crunchy?.   Palmetto 31 (2): 2, 11.

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1990 (Summer).   Wild Beverages.   Palmetto 10 (2): 8-9.

   Lowery, Charlie.   1985 (Spring).   Wild Flowers.   Palmetto 5 (1): 8.

   Lantz, Peggy S.   1989 (Spring).   Wild Food Specialist.   Palmetto 9 (1): 10.

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1992 (Summer).   Wild Onions and Garlic.   Palmetto 12 (2): 10-11.

   Hall, David.   1985 (Spring).   Wild Poinsettia.   Palmetto 5 (1): 16.

Poinsettia heterophylla and Poinsettia cyathophora.

   Potter, Tom.   1995 (Fall).   Wildflower Photography.   Palmetto 15 (3): 4-5.

   Huegel, Craig.   1994 (Winter).   Wildlife Garden and Plant Selection.   Palmetto 14 (4): 10.

   Rosier, Jody.   1998 (April).   Will the Nature Coast be Sacrified for Urban Sprawl?.   Palmetto 18 (1): 15.

   Graham, Bunnie.   1981 (August).   William Bartram, Florida Native Plant Enthusiast.   Palmetto 1 (3): 7.

   Putz, Francis E.   2011 (Spring/Summer).   Would You Prefer Eating Red Coontie or White?.   Palmetto 28 (2): 13-15.

Puts coontie on the diet --  either Zamia or Smilax.   This author will enjoy the first in his landscape and the second in nature.   Neither will be on his table.  If starving, pick Smilax.

   Craig, Robert.   1987-1988 (Winter).   Xeriscape.   Palmetto 7 (4): 11.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

   Putz, Francis.   2014.   Yaupon Redeemed.   Palmetto 31 (3): 9-11.

Talks about the ethnic uses of yaupon holly including its use as tea (yes, it is tasty) and its cultural uses by American Indians.

   Woodson, Constance Fenimore.   1983 (February).   Yellow Jessamine.   Palmetto 3 (1): 1.

Gelesium sempervirens

   Christman, Steven.   1988-89 (Winter).   Yellow Scrub Balm.   Palmetto 8 (4): 3.

Dicerandra christmanii

   Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1989-90 (Winter).   You Don't Have To Be a Squirrel to Enjoy the Acorns! The Oaks.   Palmetto 9 (4): 8.

   Chellman, Pat.   1993 (Summer).   You Won't Be Disappointed With Coral Honeysuckle.   Palmetto 13 (2): 3.

Lonicera sempervirens. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, butterflies, hummingbirds..

   Hannahs, Eve A.   1986 (Spring).   Zebra Longwing.   Palmetto 6 (1): 4.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

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