The Palmetto

Palmetto Articles

Listed Alphabetically by Author

Articles that can be downloaded are preceded by an Adobe pdf sysmbol

      Albritton, Ken.   1999.   Garden Budgeting.   Palmetto 19 (3): 20.

Somewhat outdated but still valuable.  Natives are more available today than they were in 1999 and costs of various activities needed for creating a native garden have shifted with time.   Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Albritton, Ken.   1998.   Foraging for Pine Needles.   Palmetto 18 (3): 11-10.

The author discusses the problem of acquiring pine needles for mulch at reasonable cost. He prefers to scavange from trees overhanging residential streets. He points out that scavanging is hard labor (and he owns a truck!). His technique results in acquisition of needles worth $1000 or more without ecosystem damage (editorial comment).  Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Alexander, Taylor R.   1981.   An Exotic Plant Pest.   Palmetto 1 (1): 2-3.

Describes downy rose-myrtle, Rhodomyrtus tomentosus. Keywords: invasive species, pest plants

      Alvarez, K.   1983.   Conservation Issues of the Fakahatchee Strand.   Palmetto 3 (3): 7.

This article provides a brief history of the Fakahatchee Strand and its acquisition.  Some of the comments on conservation issues are a bit dated, in particular because considerable conservation land has been acquired since the article was written, such as Picayune Strand State Foreset and the Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge. Keywords:  conservation areas, state parks, rare plants, endangered species, endangered plants, orchids, bromeliads, hydrology.

      Anderson-Messec, Lilly.   2020.   Tropical Milkweed: Harmful to Monarchs and Florida Ecosystems.   Palmetto 38 (4): 4-7.

Discusses milkweed and the importance of planting native milkweeds, not the tropical milkweek, for monarchs.  See favorite native alternatives: Asclepias tomentosaAsclepias perennis and Asclepias incarnata.

      Angel, Todd, Hanna Rosner Katz and Michael Jenkins.   2019.   The False Rosemaries of Florida.   Palmetto 35 (2): 8-10, 12-13.

In the southeastern United States, the genus Conradina is comprised of 7 species, each occupying a  distinct geographic range, and 5 of these species are endemic to Florida. Conradina species are photogenic, attractive to pollinators and sun-loving, however, all but one species are listed as endangered.  Keywords:  Rare Plants, endemic  

      Artinni, Annette, Gayle Edwards, Rita Grat, JonAnne Trebatoski and Leslie Veber.   2002.   Two Dozen of Us Native Plant Folks Visited Costa Rica, FNPS Tales of Travel & Adventure.   Palmetto 21 (4): 12-14.

Remembering FNPS' first trip abroad.

      Austin, Dan.   2006.   Cordia.   Palmetto 23 (1): 12-15.

Provides a description of Cordia globosa, its names (blood-berry is one), its range, and ethnobotany. Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

Austin, Dan.   2004.   Coontie: Discovering Florida's Ethnobotany.   Palmetto 22 (3): 10-12.

No. 10 in the Series. Baking a cake with rat poison. Well, maybe not. But the coonties has had some odd uses.

      Austin, Dan.   2003.   Oaks.   Palmetto 22 (4): 4.

Quercus spp. Keywords:  Florida natives.

      Austin, Dan.   2003.   Lizard's Tail.   Palmetto 22 (1): .

Sarurus cernuus.

      Austin, Dan.   2002.   Moonvine.   Palmetto 21 (4): 10-11, 15.

Ipomoea alba. Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

      Austin, Dan.   2002.   Milkworts.   Palmetto 21 (2): 10-11.

Polygala spp. Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

      Austin, Dan.   2001.   Pond Apples.   Palmetto 21 (1): 10-11.

Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

      Austin, Daniel.   2004.   Cordia.   Palmetto 23 (1): 12-14.

Bloodberry, Cordia globosa. Keywords:  Florida natives.

      Austin, Daniel.   2001.   Hoop Vine: The Plant That Wasn’t There.   Palmetto 20 (4): 10-12.

Hoop vine, Trichostigma octandrum,  is an unusual native (or is it?) found only when it wants to be. With a tradition of medicinal and ornamental use in many countries, hoop vine is colorful in more ways than one. Keywords:  ethnobotany.

      Austin, Daniel.   2000.   Rain Lilies.   Palmetto 20 (3): 14-16.

Zephranthes spp. Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

      Austin, Daniel.   2000.   Chiggery Grapes.   Palmetto 20 (2): 7-9.

Tournefortia hirsutissima. Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

      Austin, Daniel.   1999.   Florida Atlantic University: an Island of Environmental Changes.   Palmetto 19 (1): 7-8.

      Austin, Daniel.   1997.   Christmas Botany or How Reindeer Learned to Fly.   Palmetto 17 (3): 12-14, 23.

A discussion of some of the Christmas holiday uses of plants.  Not all related to Florida natives. Keywords:  ethnobotany.

      Austin, Daniel.   1997.   Glades Indians and the Plants they Used.   Palmetto 17 (2): 7-10.

Keywords:  ethnobotany.

      Austin, Daniel.   1995.   Black Calabash Bears Fruit in Florida!.   Palmetto 15 (2): 6-7.

Amphitecna latifolia. Keywords. Rare Plants, rare species.

      Austin, Daniel.   1994.   Creepers, Climbers, Twiners, Lianas, Vines and Wines.   Palmetto 14 (3): 6.

The term ""climber" for a plant that goes up some supporting host, "creeper" for a climber that fails to find a support and trails over the ground are discussed. The term "vine" apparently originates from French and Latin words that reference the grape, and the term "wine"; references the same word origin.

      Austin, Daniel.   1993.   Stinking Passion-Flower: Hero or Villian.   Palmetto 13 (3): 5.

Discusses the spread of the non-native passionflower, Passiflora foetida. Keywords:  alien, non-natives.

      Austin, Daniel.   1993.   The Exotic Virgin Islands.   Palmetto 13 (1): 12-13.

Ethnobotany and invasive species in the Virgin Islands

      Austin, Daniel.   1993.   The Nuance and Wit of Carolus Linnaeus.   Palmetto 13 (1): 8-11.

An account of the binomial nomenclature developed by Carolus Linnaeus and observations on the humor, nuances, and creative geography used by Linnaeus in assigning names.

      Austin, Daniel.   1992.   Black Calabash in Southern Florida.   Palmetto 12 (1): 6-7.

Amphitecna latifolia Keywords:  rare species, rare plants.

      Austin, Daniel.   1991.   American Bays.   Palmetto 11 (2): 12-13.

A discussion of the unrelated species known by the common name 'bay'.  Keywords:  Florida natives.

      Austin, Daniel.   1988.   Plant Adaptations in the Fakahatchee.   Palmetto 18 (3): 7-8, 15.

Preserved since 1974, some 484 plant species, almost a quarter of them endangered, occur. These include royal palm, paurotis palm, eared spleenwort, narrow strap fern, tailed strap fern, hanging clubmoss, powdery catopsis, nodding catopsis, Fuchs' bromeliad, fuzzy-wuzzy airplant, tiny orchid, ghost orchid, hidden orchid, and Fakahatchee burmannia. The article present a paragraph on each species. Some information in this article is outdated -- such as the number of plants listed as endangered or threatened. Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, plant ecology.

      Austin, Daniel.   1985.   Commelina gigas: Rediscovered and Lost.   Palmetto 5 (4): 11.

      Austin, Daniel.   1983.   Hammocks.   Palmetto 3 (1): 4.

Discusses the origin of the term "hammock" for Florida's southern hardwood forests. Keywords:  plant communities, plant community classification.

      Austin, Daniel.   1981.   Are Endangered Florida Plants Really Endangered?.   Palmetto 1 (1): 4-6.

Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Austin, Daniel F.   2007.   Fox-tail Millets - Bristly Foods.   Palmetto 24 (3): 12-14.

A duscussion of fox-tail millet, Setaria parviflora, and its former, and maybe current, use in cooking. Keywords:  Florida natives, ethnobotany.

      Austin, Daniel F.   2002.   Sundews.   Palmetto 21 (3): 12-13.

Small carnivorous plants found primarily in wetlands, sundews have a surprising history of medicinal use. Keywords: Florida natives, ethnobotany.

      Austin, Daniel F.; Jones, Julie L.; and Bennett, Bradley C..   1986.   The Fakahatchee Strand.   Palmetto 6 (2): 3-6.

Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, swamps, ecosystems, conservation lands, state parks.

      Bacchus, Sydney T.   1992.   Variations due to Age, Localized Conditions, and Successional Factors Within Species: The Creation and Restoration of Wetlands, Part 3.   Palmetto 12, (1): 14-16.

Keywords:  wetland creation, wetland restoration.

      Bacchus, Sydney T.   1991.   Looking Beyond Hydrology: The Creation and Restoration of Wetlands, Part 2.   Palmetto 11 (4): 9-12.

Keywords:  wetland creation, wetland restoration.

      Bacchus, Sydney T.   1991.   Can Wetlands Be Successfully Created?,.   Palmetto 11 (3): 3-6.

Keywords:  Wetland creation, restoration. The information is outdated, but some of the points are still valid.

      Bailey, David.   1986.   Endangered Butterflies Come Back!,.   Palmetto 6 (4): 8.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

      Bartlett, Marcy.   1986.   Shakespeare Knew Something About Landscaping.   Palmetto 6 (2): 8.

      Bartlett, Marcy R.   1988.   Recipe for a Successful Celebration.   Palmetto 8 (3): 3.

A celebration of an event at the Audubon Turkey Creek Sanctuary.

      Bartlett, Marcy R.   1988.   Turkey Creek Celebration.   Palmetto 8 (1): 13.

Summary of the 1988 Turkey Creek Celebration, Melbourne.

      Bartlett, Marcy R.   1982.  

Turkey Creek's Protean Paw Paw, Asimina tetramera

.   Palmetto 2 (2): 4-5.

The information is this article is good.  However, the plant is now listed federally as endangered.

      Bass, Steve.   2010.   Book Review: Native Plant Landscaping for Florida Wildlife. By Craig N. Huegel.   Palmetto 27 (3): .

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, wildlife.

      Bates, Judy.   1982.   Low Cost, Low Care.   Palmetto 2 (4): 3-4.

Keywords: native lanscapeing, gardening

      Bausch, Joan.   2007.   Book Review: The Swamp - The Everglades, Florida, and the Politics of Paradise by Michael Grunwald].   Palmetto 24 (4): 2.

Keywords:  wetlands, marsh, national park.

      Beckner, John.   1997.   The Biology of Florida's Orchids.   Palmetto 17 (1): 6.

      Bennett, Bradley.   1997.   An Introduction to the Seminole People of South Florida and Their Plants, Part 2.   Palmetto 17 (3): 16-18, 22.

The use of plants by the Seminole Indians of southern Florida. Keywords:  ethnobotany.

      Bennett, Bradley.   1997.   An Introduction to the Seminole People of South Florida and Their Plants, Part 1.   Palmetto 17 (2): 20-21, 24.

The use of plants by the Seminole Indians of southern Florida. Keywords:  ethnobotany.

      Beriault, John C.   1990.   Observations on the Vegitative Community of the Beach Dune Ridge North of Wiggins Pass, Northern Collier County.   Palmetto 10 (4): 6-7, 17.

Keywords:  plant communities, beach dunes.

      Beriault, John G.   1987.   Planting A Native Plant Yard: Part II.   Palmetto 7 (4): 3-8.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Beriault, John G.   1987.   Planning and Planting a Native Plant Yard.   Palmetto 7 (3): 3-8.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Berthet, Bill.   2013.   Sharing Memories with Butterflies.   Palmetto 30 (2): 12-15.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

      Betsch, Marvyne "The Beach Lady".   1987.   Let the Lawn Mower Rust!.   Palmetto 7 (4): 16.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Bettinger, Edith.   1990.   How to Know Some of The Common Ferns of Central Florida.   Palmetto 11 (1): 6-8.

Keywords:  Plant identification.

      Bettinger, Edith.   1989.   The Perfect Seed Envelope.   Palmetto 9 (2): 14.

Describes an envelope for collecting and storing seed that can be made from a simple sheet of paper.

      Bissett, Bill.   1997.   Five Hundred Years of Florida Landscape - A Quick Tour.   Palmetto 17 (3): 6-11.

      Bissett, Bill.   1993.   Palmettos and Plumes: Native Plant Floral Arrangements for Spring Conference.   Palmetto 13 (1): 20.

      Bissett, Bill.   1991.   FNPS 1991 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 11 (2): 19-20.

Keywords:  native landscaping, awards.

      Bissett, Nancy.   1996.   A Final Word on Wild Grasses.   Palmetto 16 (1): 9-10.

      Bissett, Nancy.   1993.   Allen David Broussard Catfish Creek State Preserve.   Palmetto 13 (2): 11-13.

Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, state parks, conservation lands, scrub.

      Bissett, Nancy.   1990.   How to Encourage Roadside Wildflowers.   Palmetto 10 (3): 8-10.

      Bissett, Nancy.   1986.   Serenoa.   Palmetto 6 (1): 3-4.

Saw palmetto.

      Bissett, Nancy J.   1996.   Upland Restoration Challenge.   Palmetto 6 (2): 8-11.

      Bissett, William.   1992.   FNPS Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 12 (2): 16-17.

      Bissett, William.   1991.   Landscape Designs with Native Plants.   Palmetto 11 (4): 3-5.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Bissett, William F.   1987.   The Ordinances are Coming.   Palmetto 7 (2): 10.

The article lists some of the Florida counties and municipalities that had enacted native plant ordinances as of 1987.

      Black, Robert J.   1981.   Be a Water-Saver.   Palmetto 1 (3): 1.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Bollenbach, Donna and Juliet Rynear.   2014.   A collaboration of passion, purpose and science.   Palmetto 31 (3): 4-7, 15.

Bok Tower Gardens plant conservation program

      Bonness, Maureen S.   2011.   Cypress Knees Exploit Stumps.  Taxodium distichum and T. ascendens make use of stumps..   Palmetto 28 (2): 4-7, 12.

      Boughton, Betsey Hermanson.   2008.   Florida's Rangelands: Areas of Conservation Value and Opportunities for Restoration.   Palmetto 25 (4): 12-15.

      Bowman, Catherine and Ron Blair.   2012.   Discoveries in the Vast Apalachicola River Wildlife Environmental Area.   Palmetto 29 (1): 12-15.

      Bradley, Keith and George Gann.   1999.   The Pine Rockland Forests of Southern Florida.   Palmetto 19 (2): 12-14, 19.

Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, conservation lands, national parks, plant communities, ecosystems.

      Braun, Greg.   2013.   Beaches are wonderful places.   Palmetto 30 (1): 12-15.

Whether you are a resident of coastal or inland Florida, you probably live no more than an hour or two from a fascinating area of coastal shoreline. Greg Braun takes a look at some of Florida’s beachside plant species and the high energy habitat they occupy.

      Bretz, Greg.   1982.   Florida Plants for Florida Birds.   Palmetto 2 (1): 4.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, wildlife, birds.

      Brinkley, Laura.   1983.   Public Landscaping: How To Evaluate the Ecology.   Palmetto 3 (4): 2-3, 6.

      Brinson, Sydney.   1986.   Book Review: Guide to the Vascular Plants of the Florida Panhandle by Andre F. Clewell.   Palmetto 6 (2): 7.

Keywords:  plant identification, taxonomy.

      Brolmann, John B..   1984.   Stylosanthes Hamata - South Florida Coastal Dune Plant.   Palmetto 4 (4): 5.

Stylosanthes hamata

      Brooks, Jane.   1983.   FNPS Policy on Environmental Activism.   Palmetto 3 (4): 9.

      Brooks, Wesley R, and Rebecca C. Jordan.   2013.   Swamp Fern Experimental Hammock.   Palmetto 30 (4): 4-7.

An experimental hammock in Miami-Dade County is a testing ground for a novel restoration approach that may provide land managers with additional means to conserve rare species, and a tool to reduce noxious exotics on public lands.

      Brown, Paul Martin.   2000.   The Florida Native Orchid Project.   Palmetto 10 (1): 6-10.

Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Brown, Paul Martin and Joel DeAngelis.   2008.   A New Orchid Species from Central Florida: Pteroglossapsis potsii (Orchidaceae).   Palmetto 25 (1): 4-7.

Found at the Potts Preserve. Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Brown, Rob.   1981.   How to Kill Perennial Grass.   Palmetto 1 (3): 5.

Keywords: invasive species, pest plants

      Brownscomb, Richard.   2017.   Nature in Broward: The Silent Crisis of Local Rare Species Extinction.   Palmetto 35 (1): 12-15.

Discusses the problem of rare species with small local populations gradually becoming more and more at risk of extinction in urbanizing areas. Keywords:  Rare and endangered species, extinction

      Brownscombe, Richard.   2014.   The rebirth of Cape Florida.   Palmetto 31 (1): 12-14.

FNPS participation in a land management review at Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park.  Includes history of the park and current status of the park and its planning.

      Bryson, Charles T., Nancy C. Coile, and Jeffrey H. Rettig.   1998.   Friend or Foe?.   Palmetto 18 (1): 16-19.

Cyperus compressus.

      Buckner, Cayley.   2020.   Latrodectus bishopi: The Red Widow.   Palmetto 36 (3): 4-7.

Presents a portrait of the red widow spider in the scrubs of Ocala National Forest.  The photography is beautiful.

      Buhram, Judith.   1993.   Planning a Wildlife Garden.   Palmetto 13 (4): 9.

      Buhrman, Judith.   2002.   Craig Huegel, an Interview.   Palmetto 21 (3): 8-9.

      Buhrman, Judith.   1993.   Round the Year on Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary: Summer.   Palmetto 13 (3): 10-11.

Describes a an August visit of the Audubon Society's Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary.

      Buhrman, Judith.   1993.   Round the Year on Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary.   Palmetto 13 (2): 14-15.

Describes a visit to the Audubon Society's Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary.

      Buhrman, Judith.   1992.   Florida Neighborhoods and Eco-Neighborhoods.   Palmetto 12 (2): 8-9.

      Buhrman, Judith.   1992.   Round the Year on Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary.   Palmetto 12 (1): 12-13.

      Buhrman, Judith and Scott Hedges.   1993.   Round the Year on Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary.   Palmetto 13 (1): 3-4.

Describes a visit to the Audubon Society's Kissimmee Prairie Sanctuary.  Editor's note:  This is now part of Kissimmee Prairie State Park.  The park includes the largest area of dry prairie remaining in Florida.

      Burdett, Allen B. Jr.   1981.   Florida Does Too Have An Autumn!.   Palmetto 1 (4): 1-2.

      Burdett, Allen J. Jr, Paul and Sherry Cummings, Paul and Sherry, Terry Mock, Marie B. Mellinger, Melanie Darst and Kathy Sample.   1981.   The Endangered Species Act, The Lacey Act.   Palmetto 1 (4): 6-7.

      Butts, Debbie.   1991.   Butterflies Prefer - ?.   Palmetto 11 (2): 8.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

      Butts, Glenn.   2013.   Tarkiln Bayou Preserve State Park.   Palmetto 30 (4): 10-11.

Located in the extreme western portion of Florida, Tarkiln Bayou Preserve harbors near pristine stands of the rare and endangered whitetop pitcherplant (Sarracenia leucophylla), as well as other interesting species.

      Cascio, Joe.   1988.   Wetlands.   Palmetto 8 (2): 8-9.

      Cascio, Joe.   1983.   An Ecological Approach to Plant Design.   Palmetto 3 (4): 6-7.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Cascio, Joe.   1983.   A Native Garden.   Palmetto 3 (1): 7.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Cascio, Joseph.   1987.   Standards for Native Plant Nurseries.   Palmetto 7 (4): 10.

      Cascio, Joseph.   1987.   Smaller is Better.   Palmetto 7 (2): 11.

Advice for establishing trees in the landscape. With proper care, small trees will grow faster than large container-grown trees and will catch up in size rapidly. The article provides advice for establishing a native landscape.

      Cascio, Joseph.   1983.   Transplanting The Big Tree.   Palmetto 3 (3): 4-6.

Keywords:  gardening.

      Cascio, Joseph.   1982.   Education First.   Palmetto 2 (1): 3.

      Cascio, Joseph A.   1986.   Policy on Transplanting Native Plants for Landscape Use.   Palmetto 6 (3): 14.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, policy.

      Chamberlain, Nadja.   1998.   Design with Natives 1998 Program Award Winners.   Palmetto 18 (4): 7, 13-15, 23.

Keywords:  native landscaping.

      Chellman, Pat.   1993.   FNPS 1993 Landscape Enhancement Awards.   Palmetto 13 (2): 16-17.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Chellman, Pat.   1993.   You Won't Be Disappointed With Coral Honeysuckle.   Palmetto 13 (2): 3.

Lonicera sempervirens. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, butterflies, hummingbirds..

      Christman, Andrea N., Maria Minno, and Steven 'Torch' Miller.   1998.   Facts about Fire in the Native Landscape: Part I.   Palmetto 18 (4): 6, 12.

Questions from FNPs members with answers by the authors. The article discusses fire-dependent ecosystems and the issue of fire prevention, subdivisions on the natural community edge, and policies that encourage green space. These sometime add up to areas in which fire management is difficult.

      Christman, Andrea N., Steven Miller and Maria Minno.   1999.   Facts about Fire in the Native Landscape: Part III.   Palmetto 19 (2): 18-20.

      Christman, Andrea, Stevem Miller and Maria Minno.   1999.   Facts about Fire in the Native Landscape: Part II.   Palmetto 19 (1): 9, 21.

      Christman, Steven.   1988.   Yellow Scrub Balm.   Palmetto 8 (4): 3.

Dicerandra christmanii

      Clark, Kerry B.   1994.   Multimedia in Natural History Education.   Palmetto 14 (4): 10.

      Coile, Nancy.   1994.   Some Endangered Plants Species in Florida: Why are they Designated' Endangered'?.   Palmetto 14 (4): 8.

The official state list of endangered and threatened plant species is maintained by the Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Endangered species are located throught the state, but concentrated in the Panhandle, Central Ridge, south Florida rockland hammocks, and Everglades. Rarity comes from various causes. Contributing factors include low genetic variabilitiy, poor see set, low seed viability, few pollinators, dioecious traits, suseptability to change in available water regime, temperature, succession, or competioion, or habitat destruction. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Coile, Nancy.   1994.   Family Affiliation of Species on the Regulated Plant Index of Sept 1993.   Palmetto 14 (1): 7-9.

A compilation of species on the FDACS plant list and the plant families that they represent.

      Coile, Nancy C.   1993.   The Plant from Hell.   Palmetto 13 (3): 7.

An account of invasion of pastures and grazing lands by Solanum viarum. Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

      Coile, Nancy C.   1992.   Food Plants Native to Americas.   Palmetto 12 (4): 3-5.

      Coile, Nancy C.   1992.   Little-Leaf Redroot.   Palmetto 12 (1): 10-11.

Ceanothus microphyllus 

      Cole, Gertrude W.   1982.   Scrub Palmetto, or Sabal etonia.   Palmetto 2 (2): 10.

Sabal etonia

      Cook, Charles.   2008.   Florida’s Struggle with Cogongrass and Native Plant Conservation.   Palmetto 25 (4): 8-10.

      Cordata, Xavier.   2013.   500 Artists, Gardens Commemorate Florida’s 500th Birthday.   Palmetto 30 (2): 8-11.

Xavier Cortada invited biologists, botanists and artists to identify and depict wildflowers that were around when Ponce de Leon first landed on our shores. The resulting FLOR500 project marks the moment when Florida’s history changed forever.

      Corogin, Paul and Francis E. Putz.   2006.   A Bog by the Highway A Unique Flora Faces an Uncertain Future.   Palmetto 23 (1): 6-7.

Fowler's Prairie pitcher plant bog.

      Cox, Anne.   2010.   Building Partnerships - One State Land at a Time.   Palmetto 27 (4): 8-12.

      Craig, R.M. and D. C. Smith.   1986.   Cucumberleaf Sunflower, Helianthus debilis Nutt. Erosion Control of Coastal Areas.   Palmetto 6 (4): 11-12.

Discusses the use of a native plant for coastal stabilization.  Editor's note:  There are 3 subspecies of Helianthus debilis, with naturally disjoint ranges.  There is the potential for introgression if the subspecies are planted outside of their natural ranges.  

      Craig, Robert.   1987.   Native Plants Reduce Water Needs.   Palmetto 7 (4): 11.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Craig, Robert.   1987.   Xeriscape.   Palmetto 7 (4): 11.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Craig, Robert M. and Donald C. Smith.   1987.   Vegetation in Areas Stripminded for Phosphate.   Palmetto 7 (1): 5.

Common species for strip mined lands after 60 years of succession are reported. Live and water oaks were the most abundant trees. Shrubs included baccharis, wax myrtle, and lantana. Vines included catbriar and muscadine grape. Grasses included natalgrass, bushybeard bluestem, bermuda grass and smutgrass.

      Creel, Olan Ray.   2002.   Evil Weevil Found in Fakahatchee.   Palmetto 21 (4): 8-9.

      Creel, Olan Ray.   1999.   The Evil Weevil: What Will Florida Lose?.   Palmetto 19 (4): 10-11, 14-16.

An article on the risks posed by the introduced Mexican weevil to the native bromeliads of Florida as reprinted on the IFAS internet site.

      Cummings, Paul and Sherry.   1994.   Twelve hundred (1200) Miles of Native Plants.   Palmetto 14 (2): 3-5.

      Cummings, Paul and Sherry.   1987.   Restoration on the Smallest Scale.   Palmetto 7 (1): 6.

As an individual, you can make a difference. Go plant something - a tree, a shrub, a groundcover. Plants purify air, clood the environment, provide shade. Start on a planting crusade. Planting of trees and shrubs is effective whether the plant if exotic, naturalized or native. Plant all you can. To be the most cost effective, plant native plants.

Cummings, Paul and Sherry.   1986.   Six Hundred Miles of Native Plants.   Palmetto 2 (1): 1-2.

      Cummings, Paul and Sherry.   1983.   Plant More Cypress.   Palmetto 3 (4): 12.

Taxodium distichum and Taxodium ascendens as landscape plants. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Cummings, Paul and Sherry.   1981.   Stamp Out Brazilian Pepper!.   Palmetto 1 (4): 10.

Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

      Curtis, Linda.   2015.   Our globally imperiled sedge.   Palmetto 32 (3): 4-7.

This article presents a portrait of Carex paeninsulae including its identification characteristics and habitat. Keywords:  endemic, rare species, sinkholes, limestone, plant identification.

      Curtis, Linda.   2013.   Carex: Where Are They?.   Palmetto 30 (4): 12-14.

Sedges such as Carex grow in every part of Florida, except for the Keys, where they are limited by a lack of salt tolerance. Linda Curtis explores the multitude of locations where Carex can found

      Curtis, Linda.   2008.   Sedges. Do We Know Them?.   Palmetto 25 (2): 4-7.

This articles presents the great variety of Florida's sedges and the main identifying characteristics of the genus.

      Daniels, Jaret C.   2012.   Pollinators & Corridors.   Palmetto 29 (4): 4-5.

Florida’s roadsides are a network of living edges, touching and linking nearly every natural and agricultural resource in the state. Learn how roadsides and other unused areas such as canal margins and utility easements can be managed to benefit a variety of pollinator species.

      Darst, Melanie.   1983.   Sweet Princess Of Far Florida: The Yellow Jessamine.   Palmetto 3 (1): 2-3.

Gelsemium sempervirens

      Davis, Joanne.   1991.   How To Win An Environmental Referendum.   Palmetto 11 (1): 9.

      Dawkins, Karim and Nwadiuto Esiobu.   2020.   Bioinoculants: A New Tool for Combating Plant Invasion.   Palmetto 38 (1): 6-9, 11.

Presents the results of a study on using beneficial microbes to improve the biomass yield of natives but not that of the invasive Brazilian pepper.  Augmenting the soil with these microbes appears to facilitate early germination and establishment of native plants which shoiuld augment their competitive advantage and resilience against invasion; underscoring the potential relevance of bioinoculants as a tool to improve native plant restoration efforts.

      Dehgan, Bijan.   1984.   Book Review: Common Florida Angiosperm Plant Families, Part I by Wendy B. Zomlefer.   Palmetto 4 (1): 6.

Keywords:  Plant identification, taxonomy.

      Desmon, Lee.   2002.   Native Plants at Selby Gardens.   Palmetto 21 (3): 6-7.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1994.   The Native Violet.   Palmetto 14 (1): 20.

Some violets are rare.  Please pick only on private lands where you have permission to do so.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1992.   Poke Salad.   Palmetto 12 (4): 16.

Phytolacca americana. Editor's note: this is one of several species that have foliage that is tasty when young and poisonous at other times.  The fruits are poisonous.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1992.   The Ubiquitous Dandelion.   Palmetto 12 (3): 15.

The common dandilion, a small non-native weed, is a source of greens when young, cooked greens when somewhat older. Roots can be cooked and eaten or cooked and dried as a coffee substitute. Similar uses can be made of false dandelion and hawks beard. Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1992.   Wild Onions and Garlic.   Palmetto 12 (2): 10-11.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1992.   Salads.   Palmetto 12 (1): 17.

Includes a long list of plants that are good in salads.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1991.   The Pleasures of Sassafrass.   Palmetto 11 (4): 8.

Talks about beverages made from sassafras including both a very tasty tea and a beer.  Editor's note:  for safety, use these as occastional treats and not as beverages that you consume frequently as  recent studies have suggested that sassafras may have some carcinogenic components.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1991.   Indian Lemonade.   Palmetto 11 (3): 7.

Shining sumac, Rhus copallina.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1991.   Water Lilies.   Palmetto 11, (2): 7.

Discusses American lotus, fragrant waterlily and yellow waterlily in terms of their use as food plants.  Please note that Florida has other native waterlilies, some rare, please do not harvest indescriminantly.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1991.   The Forester's Friend.   Palmetto 11 (1): 11.

Cattails (Typha spp.) and their use as food.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1990.   Nuts to you!.   Palmetto 10 (4): 13.

Includes hickories, beechnuts, chinquapins, acorns, pinenuts, basswod,bluebeech, groundnuts, coconuts and others..

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1990.   Wild Beverages.   Palmetto 10 (2): 8-9.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1990.   Radishes and Onions.   Palmetto 10 (1): 12.

Includes a variety of wild foods including Florida betony (which has a radish-like root), and anything that smells like garlic or onion.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1989.   You Don't Have To Be a Squirrel to Enjoy the Acorns! The Oaks.   Palmetto 9 (4): 8.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1989.   Prickly Pear.   Palmetto 9 (3): 11.

Some cacti are rare.  Please pick only common cacti on lands where you have permission to do so.

      Deuerling, Dick and Peggy Lantz.   1989.   Persimmon, Diospyros virginiana L.   Palmetto 9 (2): 20.

      Devine, Richard.   1994.   Designing the Natural Garden.   Palmetto 14 (3): 3-6.

The article discusses site analysis, planning, and landscape design for a natural yard, and presents illustrative diagrams for the various steps in the process. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Deyrup, Mark.   1999.   Hidden Patterns in the Florida Scrub.   Palmetto 19 (2): 8, 11.

Keywords:  plant communities, ecosystems.

      Dick, Mary C.   1994.   Planting for Energy Conservation.   Palmetto 14 (4): 10.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Dingwell, Sue.   2020.   Book Review: Nature's Best Hope by Doug Tallamy.   Palmetto 36 (2): 12-14.

Keywords:  Book Review, native landscaping

      Dingwell, Sue.   2009.   Book Review: Bringing Nature Home by Doug Tallamy.   Palmetto 26 (2): 10-11.

Includes the book review and an interview with Doug Tallamy by the author Keywords:  Book Review, native landscaping, gardening.

      Dixon, Wayne N..   1985.   Insect Pests and Native Trees.   Palmetto 5 (1): 9-10.

      Donaldson, Cameron.   1999.   Keep our Sabals Safe from Harsh Prunning.   Palmetto 19 (3): 4.

Sabal palmetto. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Donaldson, Cameron.   1997.   Book Review: The Sabal Palm, A Native Monarch by Barbara Oehlbeck.   Palmetto 17 (2): 5.

      Doukas, Annette.   1993.   Trumpet Creeper.  Important to hummingbirds..   Palmetto 13 (4): 24.

Campsis radicans

      Doukas, Annette.   1993.   Perennial Glasswort.   Palmetto 13 (3): 8.

A description of glasswort and its ecology.

      Drake, Jim.   2010.   Ghost s of the Hammocks: Voyria parasitica.   Palmetto 27 (1): 15.

Voyria parasitica, a rare Florida species in the gentian family Keywords:  endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Draper, Eric.   2019.   State Parks Benefit From Native Plant Expertise.   Palmetto 35 (2): 4-5.

The Florida Native Plant Society is a valuable partner in preserving natural state park landscapes, and last year, FNPS volunteers served on 100 percent of state land management review panels. Keywords:  Citizen science, land management plannng  

      Drylie, David.   1983.   Book Review: A Guide to the Vascular Plants of Central Florida by Richard P. Wunderlin.   Palmetto 3 (3): 11.

[editor's note]  There are multiple more recent editions of this book.  Seek out the newest edition as there have been numerous changes since the original version was published.  This remains a very important reference for plant taxonomy in Florida.

      Drylie, David M. Jr..   1987.   Restoration: The Initiation of a Natural Process.   Palmetto 7 (1): 10.

The article presents the mission of one of Florida's landscape architecture firms that specializes in native landscaping. Florida Landscapes and Associates, undertakes "creative conservation" blending the dynamics of natural systems ecology and the human landscape to create designs with nature. Green Images is a wholesale native plant nurserty that produces stock for native landscapes. People and their lives are interconnected to all other living things. Every minute of every hour our lives are affected by our dynamic relationship with nature. Design with Nature.

      Duever, Linda.   1988.   Florida's Natural Communities: Mesic Hammock.   Palmetto 8 (2): 4-5.

      Duever, Linda.   1987.   Florida's Natural Communities: Wet Prairies.   Palmetto 7 (2): 6-7.

Wet prairies are wetlands that have water for 50 to 100 days annually and sandy soils. They are maintained by fire. Natural wet prairies have a diverse mix of species. Invasion by Melaleuca, overgrazing, fire suppression and shifts to winter burns are concerns.

      Duever, Linda.   1986.   Florida's Natural Communities: Dry Prarie.   Palmetto 6 (3): 8-9.

      Duever, Linda.   1986.   Florida's Natural Communities: Overwash Plains and Coastal Berms.   Palmetto 6 (1): 10-11.

This article describes some of the varied coastal communites that form along the active interface between sea and shore.

      Duever, Linda.   1985.   Florida's Natural Communities: Coastal Mounds.   Palmetto 5 (4): 15.

      Duever, Linda.   1985.   Florida's Natural Communities: Cypress Swamps.   Palmetto 5 (1): 4-5.

      Duever, Linda.   1984.   Florida's Natural Communities: Flatwoods.   Palmetto 4 (4): 6.

      Duever, Linda.   1984.   Florida's Natural Communities: Floodplains.   Palmetto 4 (3): 8-10.

      Duever, Linda.   1984.   Florida's Natural Communities: Rocklands.   Palmetto 4 (2): 8-11.

Pine rockland and rockland hammock.

      Duever, Linda.   1984.   Florida's Natural Communities: Seepage Communities.   Palmetto 4 (1): 1-2, 10-11.

      Duever, Linda.   1983.   Florida's Natural Communities: Coastal Dunes.   Palmetto 3 (4): 4-5.

      Duever, Linda.   1983.   Florida's Natural Communities: Inland Sand Ridges.   Palmetto 3 (3): 1-3, 10.

Sandhill and scrub.

      Duever, Linda.   1983.   Florida Natural Areas Inventory.   Palmetto 3 (1): 6.

This is an introduction to Linda Duever's series on native plant communities.  That series uses the terminology of the Florida Natural Areas Inventory as it existed in 1983.

      Durako, Michael, and Fritz Wettstein.   1994.   Johnson's Seagrass: The Rodney Dangerfield of Seagrass.   Palmetto 14 (3): 3-5.

Johnson's seagrass, Halophila johnsonii, is a small rare seagrass that occurs in lagoons along the southeast coast of Florida. It is most abundant in the hazardous environmetnst of developed ocean inlets. It has no known seed production, and storms and channel dredging can eliminate entire populations. It differs from other seagrasses by a number of characteristics described in this article. Illustrations and contrasts with similar species are provided. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Durando, Joe.   1995.   It’s Seed Harvest Time!.   Palmetto 15 (3): 8.

Fall is the peak seed gather time. Dry fruit should be broken apart. Most seeds should be planted immediately. Some seeds need to be exposed to light, cold, or scarified. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, propagation.

      Duryea, Mary.   1993.   Hurricane Andrew Damage to Urban Forest: A Preliminary Evaluation.   Palmetto 13 (3): 18.

      Dutcher, Hollie and Francis E. Putz.   2015.   Saving cypress.   Palmetto 32 (4): 12-15.

A discussion of how current logging may be more damaging to the long-term suvival of cypress than historic logging practices.  Discusses issues such as cypress mulch and recent attempts to thwart or discourage logging.

      Eastman, Linda.   2019.   Building Chapter Success.   Palmetto 35 (2): 14-15.

Challenged to survive a change of venue and answer the call to increase membership, the Martin County Chapter grew by 65% through enhanced communications, vigorous outreach, strong mission-focused programs,
and the friendliest meetings in town. Keywords:  FNPS chapters

      Editor.   2009.   Native Visions: Illuminating the beauty of Florida's Native Plants.   Palmetto 26 (4): 4-7.

      Editor.   2009.   2009 Palmetto Awards.   Palmetto 25 (3): 6-7, 10-11.

      Editor.   2008.   2008 Palmetto Awards.   Palmetto 25 (3): 12-14.

Editor.   2004.   2003 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 22 (3): 13.

      Editor.   2004.   FNPS Research Endowment Program: a Sample of Projects from 2003-2004.   Palmetto 23 (1): 15, 17.

      Editor.   2003.   Roy Woodbury Memorial.   Palmetto 22 (1): 11.

Key Words:  People

      Editor.   2003.   FNPS 2002 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 22 (1): 2, 7-9, 22-23, back cover.

Keywords:  Awards

      Editor.   2002.   Hope on the Horizon for Globally Endangered Lakela's Mint - Compiled from USFWS press release & email from Jody Bonet.   Palmetto 21 (4): 9.

Lakela's mint.  Keywords: Endangered species.

      Editor.   2002.   The Value of Bromeliads.   Palmetto 21 (4): 8.

Includes a second article stating that the "evil weevil" had been found in Fakahatchee by Olan Ray Creel.   Adapted from  Keywords: Invasive species, Ecology, Rare and Endangered Species.

      Editor.   2002.   Cathie Katz Memorial.   Palmetto 21 (3): 21.

Keywords:  People

      Editor.   2002.   Chuck Salter Memorial.   Palmetto 21 (3): 5.

Keywords:  People

      Editor.   2000.   The People Behind the Plants - Members: the Heart and Soul of FNPS Part II.   Palmetto 20 (2): 10-19.

Keywords:  People

      Editor.   2000.   The People Behind the Plants - Members: the Heart and Soul of FNPS Part I.   Palmetto 20 (1): 12-27.

Keywords:  People

      Editor.   1997.   Tribute to an Early Plant-Man, Henry Nehrling.   Palmetto 17 (3): 11.

Keywords:  People

      Editor.   1996.   In Memory of Harold J. Nett.   Palmetto 16 (4): 5.

      Editor.   1996.   Landscapes Featuring Florida Native Plants: Urban & Suburban - Formal & Informal.   Palmetto 16 (3): 10-12.

Keywords:  Landscaping

      Editor.   1993.   Florida's Most Invasive Species.   Palmetto 13 (3): 6-7.

Keywords:  Invasive Species

      Editor.   1992.   Book Review: Butterfly Gradening for the South by Geyata Ajilvsgil.   Palmetto 12 (4): 18.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants, Book Review

      Editor.   1992.   Book Review: The Guide to Florida Wildflowers by Walter Kingsley Taylor.   Palmetto 12 (4): 18.

Book review.  Keywords:  Plant identification, Book Review.

      Editor.   1992.   1992 Twelfth Annual Conference Highlights and Quotes.   Palmetto 12 (2): 6-7.

Keywords:  Conference

      Editor.   1988.   Book Review: Caribbean Wild Plants & their Uses by Penelope N. Honychurch.   Palmetto 8 (3): 12.

Keywords: Book Review, Plant identification, ethnobotany.

      Editor.   1988.   Book Review: Florida, My Eden by Frederic B. Stresau.   Palmetto 8 (3): 12.

Book review

      Editor.   1988.   Book Review: Florida, Images of the Landscape by James Valentine.   Palmetto 8 (3): 12.

This is a coffee table book.  Keywords:  Book Review

      Editor.   1988.   Letters.   Palmetto 8 (1): 10.

      Editor.   1987.   Earth Stewardship -- One Man's Opinion: Terrance Mock.   Palmetto 7 (1): 8.

Keywords:  Conservation

      Editor.   1986.   Book Review: William Bartram in Florida, 1774 edited by Helen G Cruickshank.   Palmetto 6 (4): 12.

Keywords:  Book Review

      Editor.   1985.   A Florida State Grass?.   Palmetto 5 (2): 11.

Indiangrass, Sorghastrum secundum

      Editor.   1983.   Book Review: The Biology of Trees Native to Tropical Florida by P. B. Tomlinson.   Palmetto 3 (1): 10.

Keywords:  Book Review.

      Editor.   1981.   Tiger Creek - A Bit of Unspoiled Florida.   Palmetto 1 (1): 7.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, preserves, conservation areas, The Nature Conservancy.

      Eisner, Thomas.   1991.   Chemical Defense of a Rare Mint Plant.   Palmetto 11 (3): 10-11.

Dicerandra frutescens. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Eisner, Thomas.   1990.   Prospecting for Nature's Chemical Riches.   Palmetto 10 (3): 11-12.

      Emmel, Thomas C..   1987.   The Zephyr Lily, Florida's own Easter Lily.   Palmetto 7 (2): 3.

Florida rain lilies occur across central and northern Florida and provide a touch of spring color. The author describes the three species of rain lilies, where they grow, and their ease of naturalizing in the garden.

      Evink, G.L.; G.L. Henry and J.A. Lewis.   1983.   Management of Native Vegetation Along Highway Rights-of-Way.   Palmetto 3 (2): 9.

Keywords:  native landscaping, transportation.

      Farnsworth, Steve.   1985.   Cold Hardiness Report on Tropical Native Plants.   Palmetto 5 (3): 12.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Farnsworth, Steve.   1984.   Psilotum nudum: Survivor of Eons.   Palmetto 4 (1): 4.

Whisk fern

      Farnsworth, Steve.   1983.   Transplanting The Wild.   Palmetto 3 (2): 4.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Farnsworth, Steve.   1983.   Florida Elm: An Overlooked Native.   Palmetto 3 (1): 3.

Ulmus americana

      Farsnworth, Steve.   1988.   Another Exotic Nuisance - The Chinese Tallow Tree.   Palmetto 8 (4): 10.

Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

      Faulkner, Dorie and Rob Hopper.   1999.   Design with Natives 1999 Landscape Award Winners.   Palmetto 19 (3): 15-19.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Fazio, James R..   1992.   Building with Trees: Trees and Development Can Be Compatible.   Palmetto 12 (2): 12-13.

Speaks about positioning developed areas and natural areas in the landscape. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Fernandez, Juan.   1998.   The Miracle Wokers of Virginia Key.   Palmetto 18 (2): 13.

A team of city workers tackles damage from Hurrican Andrews, and invasion by exotic pest plants to reveal remnants of the native ecosystems. They also discovered prickly ash (Zanthoxylum coriaceum), a species endangered due to habitat loss.

      Fishman, Gail.   2000.   Angus Gholson, an iIterview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 19-20.

      Fishman, Gail and Scott Davis.   2013.   A Land Management Review Experience.   Palmetto 30 (3): 6-7.

FNPS participation in land management reviews around the state has many benefits for land managers, and for FNPS members who take part. 

      FNPS.   2010.   2010 Palmetto Awards, Chapter Award, Magnolia Chapter.   Palmetto 27 (4): 14.

      FNPS.   2010.   2010 Palmetto Awards.   Palmetto 27 (3): 12-15.

      FNPS.   2007.   FNPS 2007 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 24 (4): 8-11.

Descriptions and photographs of the 2007 FNPS landscape award winners.  Coe Visitor Center (Everglades National Park), Stoccardo Residence, Enchanted Forest Sanctuary, Ticknor Residence, Felts Audugon Preserve, Marilyn Smullen Residence, Circle B-Bar Reserve, Sharon Holding Residence. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      FNPS Conservation Committee.   2009.   2009 Conservation Grants Awarded.   Palmetto 26 (3): 2.

      FNPS Conservation Committee.   2008.   Two FNPS Conservation Grants Awarded at 2008 Conference.   Palmetto 25 (3): 11.

      FNPS Landscape Committee.   2012.   2012 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 29 (4): 8-11.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      FNPS Landscape Committee.   2011.   2011 Landscape Awards. Part II.. Non-residential Landscapes.   Palmetto 28 (3): 12-15.

      FNPS Landscape Committee.   2011.   2011 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 28 (2): 8-11.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      FNPS Landscape Committee.   2010.   2010 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 28 (3): 8-10.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      FNPS Landscape Committee.   2009.   FNPS Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 26 (3): 4-5, 8-9.

      FNPS Landscape Committee.   2008.   2008 Landscape Awards: Design with Natives.   Palmetto 25 (3): 4-9.

      FNPS Landscape Committee.   2007.   FNPS 2007 Landscape Awards.   Palmetto 24 (4): 8-11.

      FNPS Landscape Committee.   1996.   1996 Design with Natives Landscape Awards Program.   Palmetto 16 (3): 6-9.

      FNPS Science Advisory Committee.   2009.   2009 Endowment Research Grants.   Palmetto 26 (3): 11.

Keywords:  research.

      Foley, Nadine.   2001.   Jean Daubenmire, 2001 Green Palmetto Award for Science.   Palmetto 21 (1): 9.

      Foltz, John L.   2002.   Southern Pine Beetles: What Do They Do & What Should We Do?.   Palmetto 21 (3): 10-11.

      Foster, Bert T.   1983.   More On Spanish Moss.   Palmetto 3 (1): 6.

      Fotinos, Tonya D., Joyce Maschinski and Eric von Wettberg.   2014.   Saving the endangered Florida Keys tree cactus (Pilosocereus robinii) using new genetic tools.   Palmetto 31 (2): 12-15.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Frank, Howard.   1999.   Florida’s Native Bromeliads Imperiled by Exotic Evil Weevil.   Palmetto 19 (4): 6-9, 12.

An analysis of the effects of Metamasius callizona, a weevil of Mexican origin, on the native bromeliads of Florida. Article presented as reprinted on the web page of IFAS.

      Gann, Joyce.   1986.   Seaside Plants for Problem Landscapes.   Palmetto 6 (1): 6-7.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Gann-Matzen, George.   1987.   Restoration: A Global Perspective.   Palmetto 7 (1): 4, 13.

International conservation benefits florida. Living things depend on genetic diversity. Issues include sustainable development and regeneration of degraded lands.

      Gholson, Angus K. Jr., W. Wilson Baker and Gil Nelson.   1997.   Special Orchids of the Florida Big Bend.   Palmetto 17 (1): 13, 18.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Gilbert, Julie.   1988.   Native Plants For Central Florida Landscapes.   Palmetto 8 (1): 9.

Suggestions for native trees and shrubs that adapt well to urban landscapes. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Girard, Dennis.   2008.   Flowers Underfoot.   Palmetto 25 (3): 11.

A poem.

      Godts, Jose E.   1990.   The Upside-Down Flower.   Palmetto 10 (4): 3.

Butterfly pea, Centrosema virginianum.

      Godts, Teri.   2000.   Samuel B. Hopkins, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 13-14.

      Gometz, Anne.   1997.   Book Review: Plant Invaders: The Threat to Natural Ecosystems by Quentin C.B. Cronk and Janice L. ;Fuller].   Palmetto 17 (1): 5, 18.

Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

      Goodrich, Katherine.   2007.   Does Your Pawpaw Smell Flowery or Fermented?.   Palmetto 24 (4): 12-15.

A comparison of the ordor of members of the genus Deeringothamus and Asimina related to their pollinators. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, plant identification.

      Graham, Bunnie.   1981.   William Bartram, Florida Native Plant Enthusiast.   Palmetto 1 (3): 7.

Includes well known (historical) botanists, important conservationists, and FNPS people

      Gray, Phyllis.   2000.   Peggy and Don Lantz, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 16-18.

      Greene, Tom.   2011.   Point Washington State Forest.   Palmetto 28 (1): 2, 13.

      Hall, David.   1991.   Beggar's-Tick.   Palmetto 11 (1): 15.

Bidens alba.

      Hall, David.   1987.   Climbing Aster.   Palmetto 7 (1): 16.

Aster carolinianus - a plant to grow as a diffuse 'bush' or a climber.

      Hall, David.   1986.   Mimosa Vine.   Palmetto 6 (2): 8-9.

Mimosa strigillosa.

      Hall, David.   1986.   Virginia Creeper.   Palmetto 6 (1): 12.

Parthenocissus quinquifolia

      Hall, David.   1985.   Bushy Aster.   Palmetto 5 (4): 10.

Symphyotrichum dumosum (formerly Aster dumosus).

      Hall, David.   1985.   Erect Day-Flower.   Palmetto 5 (3): 15.

Commelina erecta

      Hall, David.   1985.   Common Spiderwort.   Palmetto 5 (2): 16.

Tradescantia ohiensis.

      Hall, David.   1985.   Wild Poinsettia.   Palmetto 5 (1): 16.

Poinsettia heterophylla and Poinsettia cyathophora.

      Hall, David W.   1996.   Common Freshwater Aquatic Grasses.   Palmetto 16 (1): 17.

Keywords:  Plant identification.

      Hall, David W.   1987.   Hairy Wicky.   Palmetto 7 (3): 16.

A species profile of Kalmia hirsuta.

      Hall, David W..   1996.   Grasses.   Palmetto 16 (1): 4.

      Hamby, Carrie.   1999.   Project WILD and Schoolyard Wildlife Programs: Promise for the Future.   Palmetto 19 (1): 6, 10.

      Hammer, Roger.   2020.   The Native Passionflowers of Florida.   Palmetto 36 (1): 4-7.

There are six native members of the genus Passiflora in Florida. Two of the most common species are popular among gardeners because of their availability, but especially because they serve as larval host plants for a variety of butterflies. Keywords:  Gardenting, butterflies, pollinators, species profiles

      Hammer, Roger.   2013.   Fringed orchids of August - a journey to North Florida.   Palmetto 30 (1): 4-6.

People don’t usually think of orchids when they envision North Florida, yet nearly half of Florida’s more than 100 native orchids occur in the northern third of the state. Journey along with Roger Hammer and discover the botanical delights he has in store. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Hammer, Roger.   2012.   Florida's Beloved Butterfly Orchid, Encyclia tampensis.   Palmetto 29 (1): 4-7.

      Hammer, Roger.   1998.   Footloose in the Fakahatchee: A Longing for Wilderess.   Palmetto 18 (3): 5-6, 11.

A brief history of the Fakahatchee, from logging to preservation is presented. The extraordinary flora and fauna, including Lepahthopsis melananthat, Polyrrhiza lindenii, and Vanilla phaeantha are discussed.

      Hammer, Roger.   1997.   Have We Lost the Young Palm Orchid.   Palmetto 17 (1): 8-9.

Tropidia polystachya Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, extirpated, extinct.

      Hammer, Roger.   1996.   Few-Flowered Fingergrass.   Palmetto 16 (1): 15-16.

Digitaria pauciflora.

      Hammer, Roger L.   2004.   The Lantana Mess: a Critical Look at the Genus.   Palmetto 23 (1): 21-24.

Describes the confusion around Lantanas and the way the way the names are used by the landscaping industry. It helps throw some clarity on the mess. Keywords:  plant identification, taxonomy, invasive species, non-natives, aliens, endemics, rare plants, endangered species, alter-natives.

      Hammer, Roger L.   1999.   Goatsfoot, Maypop & Love-in-a-Mist, the Native and Naturalized Passionflowers of Florida.   Palmetto 19 (4): 18-20.


      Hammer, Roger L.   1995.   The Coontie and the Atala Hairstreak.   Palmetto 15 (4): 3-5.

Zamia pumila Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

      Hannahs, Eve.   1986.   Malachite, Atala, White Peacock.   Palmetto 6 (2): 9.

      Hannahs, Eve.   1985.   The Monarch Butterfly.   Palmetto 5 (4): 12.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

      Hannahs, Eve.   1985.   Cloudless Sulphur.   Palmetto 5 (3): 16.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

      Hannahs, Eve.   1985.   The Buckeyes (Precis coenia).   Palmetto 5 (1): 3.

Buckeye butterfly. Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

      Hannahs, Eve.   1984.   Eastern Tiger Swallowtail.   Palmetto 4 (4): 16.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

      Hannahs, Eve.   1984.   Painted Lady.   Palmetto 4 (2): 3.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

      Hannahs, Eve A.   1986.   Zebra Longwing.   Palmetto 6 (1): 4.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods.

      Hannahs, Eve A.   1984.   Native Plants and Butterflies.   Palmetto 4 (3): 16.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

      Hannahs, Eve A.   1984.   Butterfly Gardening with Native Plants.   Palmetto 4 (1): 3.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

      Hannahs, Eve A..   1983.   The Passion Flower and the Butterfly.   Palmetto 3 (4): 1-2.

Passiflora spp. Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

      Hart, Robin.   1993.   Natural Landscaping vs. Mowing Ordinances.   Palmetto 13 (1): 8-9.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, policy.

      Hart, Robin.   1988.   Protection of Endangered Species Plants Too?.   Palmetto 8 (3): 4-5.

Points out our strange societal values that value endangered animals over endangered plants. Reasons for protecting plants are discussed and include use to society as potential sources of drugs, food, fuel, fiber, protection against climatic change, protection of biodiversity. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, policy.

      Hart, Robin.   1987.   The Dark Side of Protecting Wetlands.   Palmetto 7 (3): 10-11.

      Hart, Robin L.   1995.   Backlash to the Native Plant Movement.   Palmetto 15 (1): 9-11.

When there is a backlash to a movement, it indicates that the movement is having some effect. The article discusses the use of native plants in the landscape and the politics surrounding their recommendation and use. It specifically references the misinformation that is prevalent and stresses the importance of education.

      Haynes, Jody L.   2006.   Research and Collecting Permit Information for Protected Native Plant Species in Florida.   Palmetto 23 (2): .

The information presented here was current in 2006.  Please be sure to consult more current information from FDACS.

      Herndon, Alan.   1985.   Native Plants for Fire Protection.   Palmetto 5 (4): 6-7.

      Herndon, Alan.   1985.   Fire in Natural Communities.   Palmetto 5 (3): 4-5.

      Herndon, Alan.   1984.   Dade County Pinelands.   Palmetto 4 (2): 3, 11.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, plant communities, pine rocklands, ecosystems.

      Hinkle, Ross C.   1994.   Integration of Environmental Education with Ecological Research.   Palmetto 14 (3): 10-11.

      Honychurch, Penelope N.   1997.   Lowly Bidens Alba Serves People as Well as Butterflies.   Palmetto 17 (2): 11.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

      Hopper, Rob.   2002.   Bill & Nancy Bissett, an interview.   Palmetto 21 (4): 6-7.

      Hopper, Rob.   2000.   2000 Design with Natives Landscape Awards Winners.   Palmetto 20 (3): 2, 5-8.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Hopper, Rob and Kristina Serbesoff-King.   2007.   Palm Beach County's Newest Display Garden.   Palmetto 24 (2): .

Designing an implementing a native plant garden at Mounts Botanical Garden. Keywords:  gardening, demonstration garden.

      Howard, Frances.   1982.   How to Save a Sand Dune.   Palmetto 2 (2): 1-2.

      Huegel, Craig.   2020.   Meadows for Home Landscapes: More Than Just Wildflowers.   Palmetto 36 (1): 4-7.

The zeal to use native wildflowers to create pollinator gardens falls far short of meeting the maximum value that a pollinator garden is capable of providing. Learn how adding native grasses increases the diversity of plants and pollinators.  Includes a discussion on grasses and wilflowers instead of lawns. Keywords:  Meadows, Landscaping

      Huegel, Craig.   2010.   Landscape Design: Gardening for the Birds Part II.   Palmetto 27 (3): 4-7.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, birds.

      Huegel, Craig.   2008.   Native Gardening for the Birds.   Palmetto 25 (1): 12-15.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, wildlife, birds.

      Huegel, Craig.   1994.   Wildlife Garden and Plant Selection.   Palmetto 14 (4): 10.

Keywords:  Wildlife, gardening

      Huegel, Craig.   1993.   Selecting Food Plants for Wildlife.   Palmetto 13 (4): 6-7.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, wildlife.

      Huegel, Craig.   1993.   Hawthorns.   Palmetto 13 (2): 4-5.

Hawthorns, Crataegus spp. Keywords:  Plant profiles

      Huegel, Craig.   1992.   Bumelias.   Palmetto 12 (3): 6-8.

Provides a description of Florida's bumelias (bulllies).  Now Sideroxylon.  Keywords:  Species profiles.

      Huegel, Craig N.   2013.   Bartram’s Ixia: (Calydorea caelestina).   Palmetto 30 (2): 4-6.

For more than 150 years, botanists searched in vain for Bartram’s ixia. Not until 1931 was definitive proof of its existence provided in a publication by another famous Florida botanist, John Kunkel Small. Craig Huegel explores why this lovely plant is so elusive. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Huegel, Craig N.   2012.   The Relative Cold-Hardiness of Some South Florida Plants.   Palmetto 29 (3): 8-10.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, climate

      Huegel, Craig N.   2009.   A 'New' Species of Native Florida Orchid? Sacoila paludicola.   Palmetto 26 (2): 4-7.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Huegel, Craig N..   2020.   Planting a wildflower meadow.   Palmetto 36 (2): 4-7, 15.

Discusses designing, installing, and managing a meadow in a home landscape.  Keywords:  Landscaping, meadow

      Hummel, Rita.   1986.   Exotics - The Monstrous Three.   Palmetto 6 (3): 6.

Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

      Hurchalla, Maggie.   1984.   Bureaucracies and Disappearing Native Habitat.   Palmetto 4 (4): 7.

      Hurchalla, Maggy.   1998.   Crossing the Everglades.   Palmetto 18 (2): 16-19.

Maggy Hurchalla and her brother Mark set out to cross the Everglades on foot. Their adventure included fighting through sawgrass, pinnacle rock, absence of surface water (to drink), hot sun, mosquitoes, buzzards, gators, rain, quagmires, and other challenges to wal from Ingraham Highway to the Shark Valley tower.

      Iverson, Grace B.   2002.   In What Way a Mentor (letter).   Palmetto 21 (2): 9.

      Iverson, Grace B.   2000.   Grace Blanchard Iverson, personal statement.   Palmetto 20 (2): 14-15.

An interview with Cynthia Plockelman.

      Jenkins, Amy.   2006.   A panhandle spring specialty.   Palmetto 24 (1): 8-11.

Silene polypetala

      Jenkins, Amy.   2006.   Silene polypetala.   Palmetto 24 (1): .

Silene polypetala, an imperilled species from Jackson and Liberty Counties. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Jensen, A.S..   1982.   Spanish Moss, Symbol of the Southland.   Palmetto 2 (4): 1-2.

Tillandsia usneoides  

      Johnson, Ann F.   2006.   Here's Looking at You Kid.   Palmetto 24 (1): 11-13, 15.

Imperrilled plants of the western Florida panhandle::  The lilies including Lilium iridollae, L. supurbum and L michauxii.

Johnson, Ann F.   1986.   Recipe for Growing Florida Rosemary, Main Ingredient: Patience!,.   Palmetto 6 (1): 5.

Ceratiola ericoides

      Johnson, Ann F.   1983.   Quercus inopina: The "Unthought-of " Oak from South Central Florida.   Palmetto 3 (2): 5.

Keywords: endemic species, native species, scrub, scrubby flatwoods.

      Jordan, William III.   1987.   Beyond Preservation.   Palmetto 7 (1): 7.

The global community is attempting to preserve examples of the earth's ecological communities. But preservation along isn't enough. Restoration is needed. The University of Wisconsin Arboretum has been conducting tallgrass prairie restoration for several decades. The restorationist's effort has broad economic and ecological implications for landscaping, both practically and spiritually. Article reprinted from the Orion Nature Quarterly

      Joyce, Rick and Dave Feagles.   2010.   Land Management Review: Babcock Ranch Preserve.   Palmetto 27 (4): 13.

      Jubinsky, Greg.   1994.   Exotic Pest Plants.   Palmetto 14 (3): 8.

Exotic pest plants are a form of biological pollution that invades aquatic and terrestrial landscapes. Early detecton, eradication, or prevention are the only sure controls. Once established, exotic pest plants are extremely difficult and expensive to control.

      Jubinsky, Greg.   1993.   Chinese Tallow Gets Worse!.   Palmetto 13 (3): 3-4.

A description of Chinese tallow, its Florida distribution, ecology, and problem characteristics. Sapium sebiferum Keywords:  invasive species, non-natives, aliens.

      Judd, Walter S.   1995.   Book Review: A Remarkable New Book on Florida Plants by Wendy Zomlefer.   Palmetto 15 (1): 16.

A review of 'Guide to Flowering Plant Families' by Wendy Zomlefer. This bood includes beautiful plates of plant families. Most illustrations are of species found in Florida. The book includes an expansive appendix to 551 terms which are carefully defined. Keywords:  plant identification, taxonomy.

      Katz, Cathie.   1995.   Sea Beans-World Travelers.   Palmetto 15 (2): 4-5.

      Keim, Mary.   1993.   Butterfly Counting.   Palmetto 13 (3): 24.

      Killen, Linda.   1991.   School Butterfly Gardens.   Palmetto 11 (1): 9.

Keywords:  gardening, butterflies, education.

      Kohfeldt, Nancy.   2006.   I Remember Rosemary.   Palmetto 23 (3): 12-13, 15.

Ruminating on the ecology of Florida rosemary (Ceratiola ericoides) and its recovery after disturbance and development issues affecting it..

      Langeland, Ken.   1999.   Herbicides: Use 'Em, Don't Abuse 'Em, to Protect Our Native Flora.   Palmetto 19 (1): 16-17, 22.

      Lantz, Don.   1995.   FNPS History Revisted.   Palmetto 15 (3): 10-12.

      Lantz, Don.   1995.   FNPS History Revisited.   Palmetto 15 (3): 10-14.

      Lantz, Don.   1990.   The Founding of FNPS, A Short History.   Palmetto 10 (2): 13-14.

      Lantz, Peggy.   2013.   Dick Deuerling, wild food specialist.   Palmetto 30 (3): 15.

A biographical sketch of Richard (Dick) Deuerling.

      Lantz, Peggy.   1989.   FNPS Members in the News.   Palmetto 9 (1): 11.

      Lantz, Peggy.   1989.   The Elderberry.   Palmetto 9 (1): 10.

      Lantz, Peggy.   1988.   Pesky Peppers Pickled.   Palmetto 8 (4): 12.

Brazilian pepper, an edible pest plant

      Lantz, Peggy.   1988.   Bobcat Nature Trail.   Palmetto 8 (3): 7.

Describes a school nature trail in Orange County.

      Lantz, Peggy.   1987.   Book Review: Allergy Plants that Cause Sneezing and Wheezing by Mary Jelks.   Palmetto 7 (1): 14.

      Lantz, Peggy.   1985.   Holiday Decorations with Native Plants.   Palmetto 5 (4): 4-5.

      Lantz, Peggy.   1984.   Coontie:The Handsomest of Native Plants.   Palmetto 4 (3): 3-4.

      Lantz, Peggy.   1982.   Preserving the Past.   Palmetto 2 (3): 2.

The home of Henry Nehrling, horticulturist.

      Lantz, Peggy.   1981.   The Florida Native Plant Society's Conference was A Clamoring Success.   Palmetto 1 (2): 1, 3.

The first FNPS conference.

      Lantz, Peggy and Sam Hopkins.   1989.   Red Hibiscus.   Palmetto 9 (1): 9.

A description of Hibiscus coccineus and its habitat and landscape uses.

      Lantz, Peggy S.   1990.   The Celestials.   Palmetto 10 (1): 3-6.

Bartram's ixia, fall flowering ixia, and herbertia Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Lantz, Peggy S.   1989.   Wild Food Specialist.   Palmetto 9 (1): 10.

Dick Duerling.

      Lantz, Peggy S.   1988.   Three Projects with Native Plants.   Palmetto 8 (3): 6.

      Lantz, Peggy S.   1988.   FNPS Member Wins National Landscape Award..   Palmetto 8 (2): 3.

Brightman Logan. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Lantz, Peggy S.   1987.   Holiday Wreath with Native Plants.   Palmetto 7 (4): 9.

      Lantz, Peggy S..   1982.   Henry Nehrling, Pioneer Florida Horticulturist.   Palmetto 2 (3): 1-3.

      Lantz, Peggy S..   1981.   The Aeolian Harp Tree.   Palmetto 1 (1): 6.

Cabbage palm, Sabal palmetto. Keywords: native plants.

      LaPlante, Sharon.   1999.   Florida Butterfly Gardening: A complete Guide to Attracting, Identifying, and Enjoying Butterflies of the Lower South [Marc C. Minno & Maria Minno] (book review).   Palmetto 19 (4): 17.

Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly larval foods, butterfly nectar plants.

      LaRue, Diane.   2012.   Native Plants Common to Florida and Nova Scotia.   Palmetto 29 (2): 12-15.

      LaRue, Diane and Gayle Martin.   2010.   Historical and Current Occurrence of Endangered Schizaea pennula at Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Florida.   Palmetto 27 (2): 8-11.

Ray fern.  Name has been changed to Actinostachys pennula Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Layne, James and Warren Abrahamson.   2006.   Scrub Hickory, a Florida Endemic.   Palmetto 23 (2): 4-7, 13.

Biology and ecology of the scrub hickory, Carya floridana. Key words:  Endemic

      Lazarus, Sandy.   2000.   Alyene Hays, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 12-13.

      Lee, David S.   2010.   Book Review: The Gopher Tortoise, a Life History. By Patricia and Ray Ashton.   Palmetto 27 (4): 15.

      Lee, Jim.   1999.   Florida Bonamia, Our Resilient Scrub Morning Glory: Will it Survive.   Palmetto 19 (2): 16-17.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, endemic.

      Lee, Jim.   1998.   The Yellow- Eyed Grass Family in Florida.   Palmetto 18 (2): 14-15, 29.

Members of the Xyris genus inhabit freshwater wetlands and wet pine flatwoods. Xyris is not grass. The 21 Florida species of  Xyris are presented along with a table of major distinguishing characteristics.

      Lewis, Scott and Joyce Maschinski.   2009.   Connect to Protect: Creating Corridors to Protect South Florida’s Pine Rockland Plants.   Palmetto 26 (1): 4-7.

      Lieberman, Barbara.   2000.   Cecil Kilmer, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 15-16.

      Lindquist, Jo Jo.   1996.   More Grasses for the Landscape.   Palmetto 16 (1): 7-8.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Lippincott, Carol.   2001.   Native Pine Beetle a Problem, But Not an Emergency.   Palmetto 21 (1): 14-15.

      Lockhart, Chris.   1996.   Carrotwood Lookout.   Palmetto 16 (1): 8.

Cupaniopsis anacardioides. Keywords: invasive species, non-natives, aliens.

      Lockhart, Christine.   2000.   Paul and Sherry Cummings, an Interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 13-14.

      Luer, Carlyle A.   1997.   Our Retreating Native Orchids.   Palmetto 17 (1): 7.

      Lynch, Sharon.   2000.   Dick Deuerling, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 15-17.

      Lyrene, Paul.   2013.   Cross-pollination to ensure fruit and seed from native plantings.   Palmetto 30 (3): 12-15.

Fruit and seed production are important if we want to maximize the environmental benefits of native plantings. Paul Lyrene discusses methods to help natives in the home landscape become prolific producers.

      Lyrene, Paul.   1995.   In Defense of Vaccinium elliottii.   Palmetto 15 (4): 9-11.

      Lyrene, Paul.   1982.   How To Grow Blueberries From Seed.   Palmetto 2 (4): 10-11.

Keywords:  gardening, propagation.

      Lyrene, Paul.   1982.   Growing Native Blueberries.   Palmetto 2 (3): 4.

Keywords:  gardening.

      Maehr, David S., and James N. Layne.   1996.   Florida's All-Purpose Plant: the Saw Palmetto.   Palmetto 16 (4): 6-10, 15, 21.

Serenoa repens

      Mann, Frank.   1989.   Get Involved.   Palmetto 9 (1): 13.

A list of eight ways to become involved in the politics of saving native plant communities.

      Marsh, John.   2000.   The Tao of Gardening with Neighbors in Mind.   Palmetto 20 (3): 17-18.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Martin, Andrew.   2001.   The Puzzling Carter's Orchid.   Palmetto 20 (4): 4-7, 13.

Basiphyllaea corallicola

      Martin, H.W.   1994.   More on Beautyberry.   Palmetto 14 (1): 5-6.

Beautyberry, Callicarpa americana.  Landscape uses.  Restoration. Parts out of date.

      Martin, Jack B.   2006.   Book Review: Florida Ethnobotany by Daniel Austin.   Palmetto 23 (2): 12.

Martin, Jack B..   2006.   Florida Ethnobotany by Daniel Austin, a Review.   Palmetto 23 (2): 8-9.

Key words:  Book review

      Mayfield III, Albert E..   2007.   Laurel Wilt: A Serious Threat to Redbay and Other Related Native Plants.   Palmetto 24 (3): 8-11.

A non-native disease that is killing members of the Lauraceae family. Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

      McCartney, Chuck.   2017.   Florida's so-Called 'Butterfly Orchid'.   Palmetto 34 (1): 4-7.

Encyclia tampensis, a.k.a Florida butterfly orchid or onion orchid (for the shape of its pseudo-bulb), the origin of its names, and some of the history of how it came to get those names.. Keywords:  orchids, forests, swamps.

      McCartney, Chuck.   2015.   Across the straits: observations on plants in Cuba.   Palmetto 32 (4): 8-11, 15.

A retrospective of the 2015 Florida Native Plant Society tour to Cuba.

      McCartney, Chuck.   2010.   Book Review: Native Bromeliads of Florida by Harry E. Luther and David H. Benzing.   Palmetto 27 (2): 13.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, plant identification.

      McCartney, Chuck.   2005.   Book Review: Wild Orchids of Florida by Paul Martin Brown.   Palmetto 23 (1): 14-15.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, plant identification.

      McCartney, Chuck.   2004.   Book Review: Wild Love Affair: Essence of Florida?s Native Orchids by Connie Bransilver,.   Palmetto 23 (1): 11.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      McCartney, Chuck.   1997.   Florida's Aquatic Orchids.   Palmetto 18 (2): 20-23.

Florida has several species adapted to wetlands. Habenaria repens grows both rooted and floating in mats of vegetation and is relatively common. Platenthera nivea, the snowy orchid, blooms in bogs and wet meadows in May and June. Spiranthes odorata and S. cernua grow and bloom in as much as a foot of water in the Big Cypress swamp in autumn. Spiranthes laciniata rounds out the list of relatively common aquatic orchids; it blooms in the spring. Other, rare orchids, occur in Big Cypress and Fakahatchee strand as well as species that are usually terrestrial. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, wetlands, swamps, savannas, bogs.

      McCartney, Chuck.   1997.   Mrs. Britton's Shadow Witch, Ponthieva Brittoniae.   Palmetto 17 (1): 10-11.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      McCartney, Chuck.   1997.   The Tetramicra Mystery.   Palmetto 17 (1): 12, 14-15.

      McCartney, Chuck.   1990.   The Rein Orchids of Florida.   Palmetto 10 (3): 3-6.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      McCartney, Chuck.   1985.   South Florida's Epiphytic Orchids: How Healthy are They? Part II.   Palmetto 5 (3): 8-9.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      McCartney, Chuck.   1985.   South Florida's Epiphytic Orchids: How Healthy are They? Part I.   Palmetto 5 (2): 3-5.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      McCartney, Chuck.   1985.   South Florida Wildflowers - Candidates for Cultivation.   Palmetto 5 (1): 8-9.

      McCartney, Robert B.; Wurdack, Kenneth; Moore, Julie.   1989.   The Genus Lindera in Florida.   Palmetto 9 (2): 13-14.

The articles contrasts the morphology and biogeography of these little-known Florida shrubs. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Means, Howard.   1984.   Florida's Venerable Naturalist.   Palmetto 4 (4): 5.

John Kunkel Small

      Mellinger, Marie B..   1981.   The Loss Of Beauty.   Palmetto 1 (4): 3.

      Mercadante, Ben and Peter NeSmith.   1998.   Marion 1: Restoration of the Natural Landscape.   Palmetto 18 (4): 8-10.

      Miller, Ray.   2001.   Cynthia Plockelman, an Interview.   Palmetto 21 (1): 16.

      Miller, Ray.   2000.   Dan Austin, an Interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 23-25.

      Mingea, Mike and Patty Phares.   1992.   Hurricane Report.   Palmetto 12 (3): 12-14.

Hurricane Andrew damage to native plant landscaping.

      Minno, Marc and Maria.   1999.   Thoughts on Environmental Education.   Palmetto 19 (1): 18, 22.

      Minno, Marc and Maria.   1998.   On the Edge: The Atlantic White Cedars of Mormon Branch.   Palmetto 18 (2): 11-12.

An account of a visit to Mormon Branch, a spring-fed creek in Ocala National Forest. The branch is home to species rare in central Florida including the atlantic white cedar, hellow anise, needle palm, climbing pieris, and grass-of parnassus.

      Minno, Marc C. and Jeffrey R. Slotten.   1998.   Butterflies Feed at White-Topped Pitcher Plants.   Palmetto 18 (3): 9.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, butterfly.

      Minno, Maria.   1992.   Florida Pines: Evergreens for the Christmas Season.   Palmetto 12 (4): 9-11.

      Minno, Maria.   1992.   Why Children Should Study Nature.   Palmetto 12 (3): 3-5.

Lists reasons for nature study in schools including encouraging interest in science, increasing ecological literacy, and fun. A potential role for FNPS in the classroom is presented.

      Minno, Maria , and Ronald Myers.   1986.   Archibold Biological Station: Its History and Its Biology.   Palmetto 6 (4): 3-7.

      Minno, Mark and Maria.   1993.   Interdependence.   Palmetto 13 (2): 6-7.

      Mock, Terrance.   1986.   The Year of Restoration.   Palmetto 6 (3): 13.

      Mock, Terrance.   1984.   Palm Beach: Tropical Paradise or Expensive Illusion?.   Palmetto 4 (3): 11-12.

      Mock, Terrance K.   1981.   How to get Developers to Wear 'White Hats'.   Palmetto 1 (3): 8.

      Mock, Terry.   1995.   Earth Restoration: the Bridge to New Global Culture.   Palmetto 15 (2): 8-9.

      Moody, Norman.   1984.   Saving Natives on Public School Property.   Palmetto 4 (4): 5.

      Moore, Damon.   2010.   Restoring Maripossa Key.   Palmetto 27 (4): 4-6.

      Moore, Jon A.   2011.   Notes on the Biology of the Fragrant Prickly Apple Cactus Harrisia fragrans.   Palmetto 28 (4): 4-7.

      Moriaty, William D.   1990.   The Tulip Tree in Pensacola.   Palmetto 10 (3): 6-7.

Liriodendron tulipifera

      Moriaty, William D.   1987.   Picnic Island Park: Three Years After the Freeze.   Palmetto 7 (1): 3.

Describes three years of restoration efforts at Picnic Ilsand Park including the combined success of a freeze that killed Australian pines and community efforts that planted natives.

      Morris, Judy.   1994.   Creating Habitats for Butterflies.   Palmetto 14 (3): 9.

Two basic principles apply: catipillars eat (larval food, leafy green plants) and butterflies drink (nectar from flowers). Attraction of butterflies requires awareness of the inset-plant connect. This article discussses reasons to plant a butterfly habitat. The most successful habitat in which the author was involved is the Haven Butterfly Garden Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening, butterflies.

      Morrison, Darrel G.   1983.   Restoration Of Disturbed Sites.   Palmetto 3 (2): 3.

      Morrison, Ken.   1991.   Boycott Mulch!.   Palmetto 11 (2): 16.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Morrison, Steve.   2009.   Dancing in the Scrub.   Palmetto 26 (2): 8-9.

Presents the Florida endemic, Chapmannia floridana.

      Morton, Julia F.   1989.   Our Misunderstood Mahogany and Its Problems.   Palmetto 9 (4): 9-11.

      Moyers, Susan Boro.   1997.   Medicinal Plants of Florida.   Palmetto 17 (2): 12-15.

      Moyers, Susan Boro.   1997.   Julia F Morton - 1912-1996.   Palmetto 17 (2): 14.

      Moyroud, Richard.   2014.   Tupelo trees in Florida.   Palmetto 31 (1): 2.

Describes the tupelos (Nyssa) species native to Florida and some of their major characteristics.

      Moyroud, Richard.   1998.   Can I Interest You in Some Florida Swampland.   Palmetto 18 (2): 6-10, 28.

A discussion of mechanisms used by species which grow in forested wetlands (swamps) to survive under the extreme conditions and fluctuations present in those wetlands. The discussion includes cypress knees, lenticels, pneumataphores, aerial roots, buttresses, and other anatomical adaptations needed to keep the roots aerated.

      Moyroud, Richard.   1996.   South Florida Slash Pine, Pinus elliottii variety densa.   Palmetto 16 (4): 11-12.

      Moyroud, Richard.   1996.   Cabbage Palms.   Palmetto 16 (3): 13-15.

Sabal palmetto.

      Moyroud, Richard.   1994.   The Exotic Pest-Plant Council: Dealing with Biological Pollution.   Palmetto 14 (4): 7-8.

The Exotic Pest-Plant Council is a national non-frofit organization founded in Florida in 1984, and deidicated to communication of effective means of control of pest plants. Members include federal, state, and local agencies, private utilities, non-covernmental agencies, private business, and many individuals. Goals are education of the public, funding for development of integrated management strategist, and prevention of spread of exotic pest plants.

      Moyroud, Richard.   1990.   A Green Carpet in the Biosphere.   Palmetto 10 (2): 20.

Grasses!  Including food crops and ornamentals.

      Mull, Patricia B.   2002.   Villa Maria, a Florida-Caribbean Jewel on Florida Bay.   Palmetto 21 (2): 17-19.

      Mullins, Stephen.   1993.   Moving Joewood Trees.   Palmetto 13 (2): 8-9.

Jacquinia keyensis. Keywords:  gardening.

      Munson, June.   1993.   Preserving the Wild.   Palmetto 13 (4): 16-17.

Preserving plants for various purposes (not herbarium specimens).

      Munson, June.   1991.   Oshibana.   Palmetto 11 (1): 4-5.

The Japanese art of pressing flowers in rice paper.

      Naccarato, Andee.   2014.   A native celebration.   Palmetto 31 (1): 8-11.

Native plants at the Naples Botanical Garden

      Nauman, Clifton E.   1986.   The Ferns of Florida.   Palmetto 6 (3): 4-5.

      Nelson, Gil.   2008.   Bog Gardening with Carnivorous Plants.   Palmetto 25 (4): 4-7.

Sarracenia sp. Keywords:  gardening.

      Nelson, Gil.   2008.   Book Review: Pitcher Plants of the Americas by Stewart McPherson.   Palmetto 25 (4): 7.

Keywords:  plant identification, taxonomy, endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Nelson, Gil and Tova Spector.   2011.   Protecting Endangered Plant Species in Panhandle State Parks.   Palmetto 28 (1): 4-7, 15.

Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      NeSmith, Peter.   1998.   Details of Plant Restoration and Enhancement in Area 112.   Palmetto 18 (4): 10.

      Nett, Harold J.   1981.   Can Anybody Find a Champion Tree?.   Palmetto 1 (2): 8.

      Niederhofer, Meg.   1997.   Local Ordinaces Can Protect Community Trees.   Palmetto 17 (3): 15, 18, 22.

      Norman, Eliane.   2007.   The “False Pawpaws” - History, Biology and Conservation of Deeringothamnus.   Palmetto 24 (4): 4-7, 15.

A comparison of Deeringothamnus with Asimina and lots of information of the ecology of Deeringothamnus. Keywords:  endangered species endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, plant identification.

      Norman, Eliane M.   1986.   Mary Francis Baker (1876-1941) Wild Flower Enthusiast.   Palmetto 6 (4): 9.

      Norman, Eliane M. and David Clayton.   1982.   More on PawPaws.   Palmetto 2 (4): 5.

Asimina spp.

      Norris, Larry L..   1988.   Uniform Appearance: Yes. Uniform Terms? Not yet.   Palmetto 8 (2): 6-7.

Keywords: native landscaping, gardening, restoration, nurseries, nursery stock.

      Norwood, Mary Lou and Craig Huegel.   1992.   Gardening for Hummingbirds.   Palmetto 12 (4): 14-15.

Keywords:  Wildlife, Hummingbirds

      Noss, Reed.   1986.   Conservation Guidelines.   Palmetto 6 (2): 12-13.

An early list of FNPS priorities most of which are very relevant today.

      Noss, Reed.   1984.   Rescue or abuse? (editorial).   Palmetto 4 (4): 12.

An editorial expressing the concern that some people might be harvesting natives from the wild under the guise of rescue.  [editor's note] FNPS now has formal guidlines on when it is/is not appropriate to 'rescue' plants from the wild, needed permits, etc.

      Oliver, J. Douglas.   1994.   More Exotic Pests: Mile-a-Minute Weed.   Palmetto 14 (2): 17-18.

Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

      Osorio, Rufino.   2011.   Spanish Daisy Helenium amarum.   Palmetto 28 (4): 12-13.

      Osorio, Rufino.   2008.   Piriqueta cistoides subsp. caroliniana.   Palmetto 25 (1): 8-9.

      Osorio, Rufino.   2006.   The Wildflower Garden, Pine Hyacinth.   Palmetto 23 (3): 8-9.

Pine hyacinth Note:  Page 8 is missing

      Osorio, Rufino.   2004.   American Black Nightshade.   Palmetto 23 (1): .

Solanum americanum.  A discussion of American black nightshade including biology and occurrence in natural and urban landscapes.

      Osorio, Rufino.   1996.   Ornamental Bunchgrasses.   Palmetto 16 (1): 5-6.

      Osorio, Rufino.   1994.   Sundrops and Friends.   Palmetto 14 (2): 9.

Oenothera species.

      Osorio, Rufino.   1994.   Sweet Spire: Itea virginica.   Palmetto 14 (1): 12.

      Osorio, Rufino.   1993.   Goldenrod Fern.   Palmetto 13 (4): 18.

Pityrogramma trifoliata

      Osorio, Rufino.   1993.   Lyre-Leaved Sage.   Palmetto 13 (3): 9.

Salvia lyrata.  A description of lyre-leaved sage and it's habitat and cultivation.

      Osorio, Rufino.   1991.   Three Pine Rock Land Shrubs.   Palmetto 11 (3): 8-9.

Florida tetrazigia, quail berry, beauty berry.

      Osorio, Rufino.   1991.   Miniature Native Plants: Lindernia grandiflora.   Palmetto 11 (2): 6.

      Osorio, Rufino.   1991.   Miniature Native Plants: Stenandrium dulce var. floridanum.   Palmetto 11 (1): 3.

      Osorio, Rufino.   1990.   Pectis linearifolia.   Palmetto 10 (4): 4.

      Osorio, Rufino.   1989.   The Miniature Pipevine, Aristolochia serpentaria.   Palmetto 9 (3): 6-7.

      Otis, Diane.   2000.   Don & Joyce Gann, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 17-19.

      Pais, David.   1994.   Toward a Working Definition of “Florida Native Plant”.   Palmetto 14 (3): 17.

A discussion of what is does, and doesn't mean for a plant to be a Florida "native." The issues of Carribbean species occurring rarely but naturally in extreme southern Florida, cultivars of native Florida species that originate in North Carolina, and cultivars that originate in Florida are discussed.

      Pais, David.   1992.   Landscape Ecology.   Palmetto 12 (2): 3-5.

      Pais, David.   1991.   Loblolly Bay.   Palmetto 11 (1): 10.

      Paker, John H..   1983.   An Energy Analysis of Residential Landscapes.   Palmetto 3 (3): 7-10.

Keywords: landscaping, micro-climate.

      Pancoast, John.   1992.   One Man's Weed.   Palmetto 12 (2): 20.

Locustberry. Byrsonima lucida.

      Partington, Bill.   2000.   Bill Partington, personal statement.   Palmetto 20 (1): 21-23.

      Partington, William M. Jr.   1981.   Tounge-in-cheek suggestions for Bigger and Better Sinkholes.   Palmetto 1 (2): 10.

      Pence, Valerie C..   2006.   Propagating & Preserving Pawpaws (and Other Rare Species) from Florida.   Palmetto 23 (4): 8-12.

      Peroni, Patricia A. and Warren G. Abrahamson.   1985.   Vegetation Loss on the Southern Lake Wales Ridge.   Palmetto 5 (3): 6-7.

      Phillips, Philip Louis.   2009.   Florida's Botanical Art.   Palmetto 26 (2): 12-14.

      Poole, Richard and Christine Brown.   2008.   More Nitrogen Leached from Landscape Plantings than Lawns: A critique of a University of Florida experiment.   Palmetto 25 (4): 11.

Points out that over-fertilization of landscape plantings can be even more polluting that grass fertilization. Keywords: landscaping.

      Possley, Jennifer.   2014.   Fern conservation in a biodiversity hotspot.   Palmetto 31 (2): 4-9.

Fern biodiversity in Miami-Dade County fern grottoes.

      Putz, Francis.   2014.   Yaupon Redeemed.   Palmetto 31 (3): 9-11.

Talks about the ethnic uses of yaupon holly including its use as tea (yes, it is tasty) and its cultural uses by American Indians.

      Putz, Francis.   2012.   Spring Comes to North Florida.   Palmetto 29 (4): 6-7.

The article talks about this harbinger of early Florida spring (technically still winter) and considers such topics as the value to toxic nectar.

      Putz, Francis.   2009.   Trying to Eat Tread Softlies.   Palmetto 26 (4): 12-13.

Cnidosculus stimulosus, tread softly.  Concludes that this stinging species might not be appropriate for eating!  It is a delightful portrait of a native that is capable of defending itself.

      Putz, Francis E.   2012.   Sea Level Rise and Florida Coastal Forests.   Palmetto 29 (1): 8-11.

That sea levels are rising is hardly new news–they have been doing so since the end of the last major glaciation some 18,000 years ago. The current rate of rise, a little more than a tenth of an inch per year, is also not that unusual–6000-8000 years ago the seas were often rising ten times faster. What is different today and the reason for concern is that back then in response to rapidly rising waters, coastal dwelling Floridians just picked up and moved uphill, leaving their villages, burrows, nests, and rooted parents behind. Today it is not so easy to move uphill, for humans nor the rest of the biota, but move we must.

      Putz, Francis E.   2011.   Would You Prefer Eating Red Coontie or White?.   Palmetto 28 (2): 13-15.

Puts coontie on the diet --  either Zamia or Smilax.   This author will enjoy the first in his landscape and the second in nature.   Neither will be on his table.  If starving, pick Smilax.

      Putz, Francis E.   2007.   On Fire.   Palmetto 24 (2): 4-7, 13, 15.

      Putz, Francis E.   2006.   Reading Your Landscape.   Palmetto 23 (4): 4-5, 12-13.

Keywords:  Restoration

      Putz, Francis E.   2006.   Perils and Joys of Ecosystem Restoration.   Palmetto 23 (3): 4-7, 14.

Talks about the demise of most of the pine savannas in the southeast and the joys of restoring them. Keywords:  Ecology, restoration

      Putz, Francis E.   1998.   Halt the Homogeocene: A Frightening Future Filled with Too Few Species.   Palmetto 18 (1): 7-9.

With more an more people moving to Florida, incentives are needed to encourage maintenance of native species and natural ecosystem processes, especially fire. Without these we are doomed to a future of disturbed ecosystems, less biodiversity, and expanses of invasive exotics. Keywords:  population, fire exclusion.

Putz, Francis E (Jack).   2012.   Spring Comes to North Florida.   Palmetto 29 (4): 6-7.

Yellow jessamine is common in a wide range of ecosystems and the large blooms contain a pharmacopoeia of toxins, some of which are passed on to insect visitors. Explore the plant strategies behind this spring beauty’s toxic nectar.

      Putz, Francis E. (Jack).   2013.   Mockernut Hickory: A Hard Nut to Crack.   Palmetto 30 (4): 8-9,15.

One of six hickory species native to Florida, mockernut (Carya tomentosa) is now scarce, the victim of over-logging and fire suppression. Jack Putz takes a long view of the mockernut, from its use as a foodstuff by pre-Columbian residents of Florida to its status in the present day.

      Read, Robert W.   2009.   The Cardinal Mallow: The Mystery of the Red Hibiscus.   Palmetto 26 (4): 8-10.

      Rhoades, Heidi.   2006.   The Evil Weevil and the No-name Fly.   Palmetto 23 (2): 8-9.

Non-native, invasive insects carrying diseases to native plants. Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

      Riach, Jim.   1993.   The Florida Cedars.   Palmetto 13 (1): 5-7.

Distinguishes between Juniperus virginiana, Juniperus virginiana silicola, and Chamaecyparus thyoides.  None are true cedars.

      Riefler, Steve.   1993.   Grafting as an Aid to Growing Native Plants.   Palmetto 13 (3): 16.

Selecting the rootstock and making the graft. Keywords:  gardening, propagation.

      Riefler, Steve.   1985.   Washington County, Floristically.   Palmetto 5 (3): 10.

      Riefler, Steve.   1982.   How to Sprout a Hickory.   Palmetto 2 (2): 9.

Keywords:  gardening, propagation.

      Riefler, Steven M..   1984.   Exceptional Natives for Dune and Scrub Areas.   Palmetto 4 (2): 4.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Robbins, Elizabeth.   1988.   Rim Ramble.   Palmetto 8 (3): 8-9.

Describes a ranger-lead walk, the Rim Ramble, at Paynes Prairie State Preserve Park near Gainesville. The walk includes hammock and the edge of the prairie.

      Rogers, Evan.   2012.   Techniques for growing native ferns from spores.   Palmetto 29 (2): 8-11.

Keywords:  propagation.

      Rogers, George.   2020.   Paperwasps as Pollinators.   Palmetto 36 (2): 8, 14.

Paper wasps are intelligent, complex, good-looking, and docile if you don’t provoke them. They are  also pollinators, visiting the flowers of corkwood goldenrods, milkweeds and more. 

      Rogers, George.   2014.   Why do figs taste crunchy?.   Palmetto 31 (2): 2, 11.

      Rosebraugh, Doris.   1984.   A Backyard Notebook, A Brief Summary of Personal Experience with Natives as Backyard Plants, No 6: Satinleaf.   Palmetto 4 (2): 2.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Rosebraugh, Doris.   1983.   A Backyard Notebook, A Brief Summary of Personal Experience with Natives as Backyard Plants, No 5: Black Ironwood.   Palmetto 3 (3): 3.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Rosebraugh, Doris.   1983.   A Backyard Notebook, A Brief Summary of Personal Experience with Natives as Backyard Plants, No 4: Redberry Stopper.   Palmetto 3 (3): 3.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Rosebraugh, Doris.   1983.   A Backyard Notebook, A Brief Summary of Personal Experience with Natives as Backyard Plants, No 3: Florida Fiddlewood.   Palmetto 3 (2): 9.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Rosebraugh, Doris.   1982.   A Backyard Notebook, A Brief Summary of Personal Experience with Natives as Backyard Plants, No 1: Wax Myrtle.   Palmetto 2 (4): 5.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Rowe, Rosalind and Chris Lockhart.   2011.   The Invasion of the Non-native Climbing Ferns.   Palmetto 28 (3): 4-7.

Lygodiuim spp. Keywords: invasive species, pest plants.

      Salvato, Mark.   1998.   The Wooly Croton: Host for Two Endemic South Florida Butterflies.   Palmetto 18 (3): 9-10.

The Florida leafwing and Bartram's hairstreak, use the wooly croton, Croton linearis, as their sole host plant. It is rare in the keys except on Big Pine Key but grows on the mainland in limestone areas of Dade and Monroe counties including Everglades National Park. Keywords:  butterflies, butterfly, larval foods.

      Sathre, Ann.   1989.   A Mother's Version of Going Pitcher Plant Hunting.   Palmetto 9 (3): 5.

      Sathre, Eric.   1989.   Florida's Carnivorous Pitcher Plants.   Palmetto 9 (3): 4.

Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, carnivorous plants.

      Sathre, Eric.   1989.   Going Pitcher Plant Hunting.   Palmetto 9 (3): 5.

Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Schenk, John J..   2014.   The origin of Florida scrub plant diversity.   Palmetto 31 (3): 12-14.

      Schmidt, Annie.   2000.   Dick Wunderlin, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 25-27.

      Schuh, Robert B. and Ralph Bove.   1984.   The Lost Habitat.   Palmetto 4 (1): 6.

      Schwartz, Mike, and Jora Young.   1992.   Collecting Rare Plants from the Wild: A Threat to Conservation Efforts.   Palmetto 12 (3): 8-9.

Collecting rare plants from the wild has the potential to harm native populations. Collecting entire plants is the worst, but cuttings can also cause problems. Collecting is sometimes illegal. A sidebar provides the FNPS Policy on Transplanting native Plants from the wild. Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening policy, rare plants, endangered species, rare species.

      Scott, Gwladys E.   2002.   Roger Hammer, an interview.   Palmetto 21 (2): 7.

      Seamon, Paul A.and Ronald L. Myers.   1992.   Propagating Wiregrass from Seed.   Palmetto 12 (4): 6-7.

Keywords:  propagation, restoration.

      Shropshire, Marjorie.   2010.   Ants, Anthill, and Biodiversity with E.O. Wilson; An Interview with E.O. Wilson.   Palmetto 27 (1): 5-7.

      Sias, Mildred.   1981.   The Needle Palm.   Palmetto 1 (3): 3.

Rhapidophyllum hystrix Keywords: native plant, seep slopes, mesic uplands.

      Simmonds, William.   1995.   Sand - That Wonderful Stuff.   Palmetto 15 (1): 4-8.

This article present the challenge of growing lawn grasses on sand - the water and chemical needs to sustain grass. It then discusses what many natural flatwoods sand soils look like, including the hardpan layer that underlies most of them. The article thoroughly discusses the management of sand soil, how to manage water on them, and what not to plant (grass).

      Smith, Elizabeth.   2013.   Keeping a nature journal.   Palmetto 30 (1): 8-11.

No matter the purpose, sketching and note-taking sharpens observation skills, improves drawing abilities, and helps create new connections. Learn how Elizabeth Smith documents the natural world with simple tools and creates beauty in the process.

      Smith, Elizabeth.   1995.   Firebush South Florida’s Plant for All Seasons.   Palmetto 15 (3): 3.

Hamelia patens, firebush, attracts wildlife. When the red and orange flowers are plentiful, it attracts butterflies, and humminbirds. In winter other birds forage in the branches.

      Smith, Elizabeth.   1995.   Florida Butterfly Orchid.   Palmetto 15 (2): 3.

Butterfly orchid is one of the most common epiphytic orchids found in Florida. The article describes the plant, and gives an overview of its phenology.

      Smith, Elizabeth.   1994.   Delicate Ionopsis.   Palmetto 14 (2): 8.

Delicate ionopsis, Ionopsis utricularioides, was discovered in 1904. This article describes the species and what is known of its habitat and phenology in Florida. Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Smith, Elizabeth.   1993.   Natural Dyes from Florida Native Plants.   Palmetto 13 (3): 12-15.

Describes the use of plants as sources of dyes through history with an emphasis how to use Florida native plants as dyes. Species include red maple (tan), live oak (dusty rose or gray), pokeberry (deep rose), beach sunflower (greenish-beige or tan), Coreopsis (yellow).

      Smith, Larry M.   1988.   Survival of Transplanted Sabal Palmettos.   Palmetto 8 (2): 11.

Sabal palmetto.

      Smith, Mariella.   1999.   The Pepper Patrol: Eradication, Education, Restoration.   Palmetto 19 (1): 19.

Schinus terebinthefolius. Keywords:  invasive species, aliens, non-natives, pest plants.

      Smith, Mary Ellen.   1989.   Florida's Wildflowers.   Palmetto 9 (3): 9.

      Somerville, Evelyn.   1991.   More on School Gardens.   Palmetto 11 (3): 12.

Keywords:  gardening, education.

      Spence, Don and Jason Smith.   2013.   The status of laurel wilt.   Palmetto 30 (3): 4-5, 8-10.

Perhaps millions of trees in the southeastern coastal plain have been killed by the fungal pathogen Rajfaelea lauricola since its symbiont, the Asian redbay ambrosia beetle was first discovered near Savannah, Georgia in 2002. Don Spence and Jason Smith investigate the current status of laurel wilt, now widespread throughout Florida.  The progression of this highly fatal disease across Florida and a summary of the ambrosia beetle-fungus diseasy cycle. Keywords: invasive species, non-native insects.

      Starr, Wesley.   1990.   A Couple of Landscaping Ideas.   Palmetto 10 (1): 13.

      Starr, Wesley.   1989.   Florida's Native Cactus: The Opuntia.   Palmetto 9 (3): 8.

      Starr, Wesley G.   1989.   Two Years later: My Native Plant Garden.   Palmetto 9 (1): 15.

Keywords:  gardening.

      Starr, Wesley G.   1988.   Green Eyes: Study by Backyard Botanist.   Palmetto 8 (4): 4-7.

      Stein, Sara.   1999.   Whose Ladybug is it?.   Palmetto 19 (3): 9-14.

Comparing two ladybug species:  one native and one a non-native pest. Keywords: invasive species, insects.

      Stewart, Kristine.   2001.   Gold Mine of the Air, the Spanish Moss Industry of Florida.   Palmetto 21 (1): 12-13.

      Stibolt.   2019.   The Nature of Plants: An Introduction to How Plants Work by Craig Huegel.   Palmetto 35 (2): 6-7, 11.

An introduction to plant physiology. Keywords:  Book Review  

      Stibolt, Ginny.   2020.   Soil: The Ecosystem Beneath our Feet.   Palmetto 36 (2): 9-11.

Soil is a complex ecosystem of bacteria, fungi,  nematodes, earthworms, ants, salamanders,  toads, insect larvae, moles, and more, all living  in a substrate of minerals and humus. Learn how soil works, why conventional lawn care can  damage it, and how it can be restored.  Keywords:  Soil, Wildlife, Restoration

      Stibolt, Ginny.   2020.   Rethinking Florida's Urban Trees.   Palmetto 36 (1): 8-11, 15.

Florida’s natural tree populations have been vastly reduced as more and more people have settled here. In suburban communities new trees have been planted at much lower densities than the original populations. In urban areas, tree density is even lower, but urban trees provide a number of important benefits.

      Stibolt, Ginny.   2020.   Natives for Home Landscapes: Wax Myrtle (Morella cerifera).   Palmetto 36 (1): 2, 15.

Wax myrtle in the home landscape.

      Stibolt, Ginny.   2014.   Book review: The Living Landscape: Designing for Beauty and Biodiversity in the Home Garden by Doug Tallamy and Dick Darke.   Palmetto 31 (2): 10-11.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Stibolt, Ginny.   2014.   Book review: Forgotten Grasslands of the South: Natural History and Conservation by Reed Noss.   Palmetto 31 (1): 15.

Keywords:  Book Review

      Stibolt, Ginny.   2013.   Book Review: Nature's Fortune: How Business and Society Thrive by Investing in Nature by Mark Tercek.   Palmetto 30 (3): 11.

Keywords: Book Review

      Stibolt, Ginny.   2013.   Book Review: Principles of Landscape Design by Travis Beck.   Palmetto 30 (2): 7.

Keywords:  native landscaping. Book Review

      Stibolt, Ginny.   2011.   Native Container Gardens.   Palmetto 28 (4): 8-11.

Keywords:  gardening.

      Stibolt, Ginny.   2011.   Water Science & Plants.   Palmetto 28 (1): 12-14.

Keywords:  gardening.

      Stout, Jack I.   1999.   Dry Places in the Florida Landscape.   Palmetto 19 (2): 4-8, 15.

      Stout, Jack I.   1990.   Pigmy Fringe Tree Under Fire.   Palmetto 10 (4): 5.

Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Stout, Jack I..   1996.   Science Roundup.   Palmetto 16 (1): 20.

      Stout, Jack I..   1995.   Science Roundup.   Palmetto 15 (4): 14-15.

      Stout, Jack I..   1995.   Science Roundup.   Palmetto 15 (1): 17.

Biodiversity and gap analysis. Gap analysis is a GIS-based, coarse filter approach to mapping biodiversity hot spots. It recognizes that the approach is undergoing rapid changes in technology and in model components.

Stout, Jack I..   1994.   Science Roundup.   Palmetto 14 (4): 14.

      Stout, Jack I..   1994.   Science Roundup.   Palmetto 14 (3): 16.

Out of date

      Stout, Jack I..   1994.   Science Roundup.   Palmetto 14 (1): 15.

Out of date

      Strelkow, Peter F.   1984.   Using Design Principles with Native Plants.   Palmetto 4 (4): 9-10.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Strong, Madeline.   1999.   What Floridians Don't Know about Florida.   Palmetto 19 (1): 5.

      Sulak, Ken.   2014.   The Inky Story of the Dinky Oak Gall.   Palmetto 31 (1): 4-7.

      Tarflower Chapter, FNPS.   1998.   Champion Lyonia Discovered in Central Florida.   Palmetto 18 (2): 23.

      Tasker, George.   1990.   Saving Parts of Florida Won't Save the Whole.   Palmetto 10 (2): 11-13.

Refers to the 10th FNPS annual conference

      Taylor, Walter Kingsley.   2011.   Hunting Wildflowers at Tosohatchee WMA.   Palmetto 28 (3): 8-9.

      Trebatoski, JoAnne.   2000.   Rosemary Fleming, an Interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 10-11.

      Trebatoski, JoAnne.   2000.   Virginia Girardin, an Interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 11-12.

      Trebatoski, JoAnne.   2000.   Dick Workman, an Interview.   Palmetto 20 (2): 18-19.

      Trebatoski, JoAnne.   2000.   Ruth Danforth, an Interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 14-15.

      Trebatoski, JoAnne, Roger Clark and Rick Joyce.   1998.   Manatee Park Habitats Project: A Dream Becomes Reality.   Palmetto 18 (4): 16-17, 19, 23.

The Coccoloba Chapter joins forces with Lee County to recreate native habitats at Manatee park. The article discusses the process of creating agreements, designing the habitats, and implementing the design. Sharing talents, resources, and energy with many agencies and people created a synergy that lifted spirits and accomplished a shared drean in a short time.

      Urban, Peg.   2014.   Palatlakaha Environmental and Agricultural Reserve.   Palmetto 31 (3): 2, 8.

Land Management review of the Palatlakaha Environmental and Agricultural Reserve.

      Urban, Peg.   2010.   Natives in Action.   Palmetto 27 (1): 8-10.

Photographs of native wildlife using native plants.

      VanHoek, Carmel.   1992.   Inventorying McKethan Lake Recreation Area.   Palmetto 12 (3): 10-11.

Describes an inventory of McKethan Lake Recreation Area in Hernando County.

      Vogel, Ryan.   2015.   Florida International University nature preserve earns Award of Excellence.   Palmetto 32 (3): 8-12.

      Walker, Karen J.   1997.   Historical Ecology of the Southeastern Longleaf Pine.   Palmetto 17 (2): 16-19.

      Wallace, Jane.   2009.   FNPS Chapter Grant Funds: Signage in a Native Plant Garden.   Palmetto 26 (4): 11.

A Mangrove Chapter project at the Cedar Point Environmental Park with three primary objectives:  create an exhibit of Florida native and endangered plants; install larval food plants for native butterflies; and provide interpretive signs and materials to educate the public Keywords:  gardening, demonstration garden.

      Wallace, Susan R.   1988.   Bok Tower Gardens Saving Florida"s Rare Plants.   Palmetto 8 (1): 4-7.

A report on the rare pjlant conservation program at Bok Tower Gardens, Center for Plant Conservation and its rare plant collection. The article lists the species in the collection as of 1988 and provides photographs of several rare Lake Wales Ridge endemics. Keywords:  gardening, demonstration garden, endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Ward, Daniel B.   2011.   Papaya Carica papaya (Caricaceae).   Palmetto 28 (1): 8-11.

As of 2023, this species is considered to be native.  Apparently first grown in about 300 AD.

      Ward, Daniel B.   2010.   Golden-dewdrop Duranta erecta (Verbenaceae).   Palmetto 27 (1): 10-12.

As of 2023, this species is concidered to be non-native.

      Ward, Daniel B.   2009.   Tamarindillo or Cinnecord: Acacia choriophylla (LEGUMINOSAE).   Palmetto 26 (1): 12-13.

Name is now Vachellia choriophylla Discussion about whether or not this problematic species might be native to Florida. As of 2023, this is considered to be native and state endangered.

      Ward, Daniel B.   2008.   Primrose Willow, Ludwigia peruviana (ONAGRACEAE).   Palmetto 25 (2): 14-15.

Discussion about whether or not this problematic species might be native to Florida.

      Ward, Daniel B.   1990.   Checklist of the Trees Native to Florida.   Palmetto 10 (4): 8.

      Ward, Daniel B.   1989.   How Many Plant Species Are Native to Florida?,.   Palmetto 9 (4): 3-5.

Ward, Daniel B..   2004.   Native or Nos: Studies of problematic species mound-lily Yuscca Yucca gloriosa [AGAVACEAE).   Palmetto 22 (3): 6-8.

Trace the recorded history of this plant in Florida and find out whether early botanists were right or wrong. As of 2023, this species is considered to be native and is state endagered.

      Ward, Daniel B. and Robert T. Ing.   2001.   National Champions Awaiting Discovery.   Palmetto 20 (1): 8-9.

      Ward, Daniel B. and Robert T. Ing.   1995.   Florida's Ten Tallest Native Trees Species.   Palmetto 15 (3): 6-7.

      Ward, Daniel B. and Robert T. Ing.   1994.   How old is a Silver Palm?,.   Palmetto 14 (2): 6-7.

Coccothrinax argentata

      Ward, Daniel B. and Robert T. Ing.   1992.   Where are the Florida Champions.   Palmetto 12 (1): 3-5.

      Ward, Daniel B.. and Robert T. Ing.   1996.   Florida's Big Tree: Measuring the Senator, Florida's Champion Bald Cypress.   Palmetto 16 (2): 14-16.

Taxodium distichum.  Out of date but still interesting

      Ward, Daniel, and Robert Ing.   1995.   Florida Champion Tree Project.   Palmetto 15 (1): 14-15.

A compilation of new Champion trees: Bucida buceras (black olive), Bucida spinosa (spiny black olive), Cereus robinii (key tree cactus), Coccoloba uvifera (sea grape), Drypetes diversifolia (milk-bark), Hypelate trifolia (white ironwood), Manilkara zapota (sapodilla). It also lists a number of species that have no champions.

      Watson, Craig.   1991.   Ponds in the Backyard Habitat.   Palmetto 11 (2): 4-5.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Weekely, Carl; Race, Tammera; and Hardin, Dennis..   1999.   Saving Florida Ziziphus, Recovery of a Rare Lake Wales Ridge Endemic.   Palmetto 19 (2): 9-11, 20.

This article, as reprinted on the Archbold Biological Station web site, describes Florida ziziphus and its phenology and conservation status. Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, propagation, scrub.

      Weekley, Carl.   2009.   Recent Developments Boost Recovery Prospects of Florida Ziziphus.   Palmetto 26 (1): 8-11.

The discovery in 2007 of five new populations of Florida ziziphus is the most important development for the recovery of this critically endangered Lake Wales Ridge endemic since its initial rediscovery more than 20 years ago. New populations and experimental introductions have boosted the recovery prospects of this state- and federally listed shrub. To appreciate the significance of these recent developments, it helps to know something about the unusual history and biology of Florida ziziphus.

      Weekley, Carl.   2006.   Jewels of the Ridge: 20 imperiled plants of the Lake Wales Ridge.   Palmetto 24 (1): 4-7, 11.

      Weekley, Carl W., Doria R. Gordon, Joe Maguire, Joyce Maschinski, Eric S. Menges, Valerie C. Pence, Cheryl L. Peterson.   2008.   Saving Florida's Rarest Plants: Florida’s Endangered and Threatened Plant Conservation Grants Program.   Palmetto 25 (2): 8-13.

      Wettstein, Fritz.   2011.   Stickywilly, North Florida’s Winter Hobo.   Palmetto 28 (3): 10-11.

      Wettstein, Fritz.   1994.   Native Plantsman Profile-Charles E. Salter.   Palmetto 14 (3): 8.

Presents an interview with early FNPS member Charles Salter.

      Wettstein, Fritz.   1992.   A Future for Gopher Apples.   Palmetto 12 (1): 8-9.

Lycania michauxii.  Now Geobalinus oblongifolia.

      Wiese, Christine Wiese and Michael .E. Kane.   2007.   A New Method of Propagation for Ziziphus celata (Florida ziziphus), a Florida Endangered Species.   Palmetto 24 (3): 4-7, 15.

Keywords: propagation.

      Williams, T. Ann.   2000.   Dan Ward, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 23-25.

      Wilson, Dave.   1984.   Saving the Palmetto.   Palmetto 4 (3): 10.

Sabal palmetto

      Wilson, Dave.   1982.   Saw Palmetto: Emblem of the FNPS.   Palmetto 1 (2): 5.

Serenoa repens.  The article talks about the species.  [editor's note]  It says that the species is difficult to transplant (it is) with the implication that it is difficult to grow.  More modern nursery techniques have developed procedures such that this is now a good landscape plant.

      Winn, John.   1996.   A Longleaf Pine Restoration Project.   Palmetto 16 (4): 13-15.

      Wisenbaker, Michael.   2006.   A Conversation with Dr. Ellie Whitney.   Palmetto 23 (1): 10-11, 14.

Florida-based writer Michael Wisenbaker interviews Dr. Ellie Whitney about her role in creating PRICELESS FLORIDA.

      Wisenbaker, Michael.   1989.   Florida Sinkhole Flora.   Palmetto 9 (1): 3-5.

Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species, sink holes, limestone.

      Wisenbaker, Mike.   2009.   Book Review: Florida Magnificent Wilderness: State Lands, Parks and Natural Areas by James Valentine and D. Bruce Means.   Palmetto 26 (3): 12.

This is a coffee table book.

      Wolf, Kathy L.   1982.   Rare Trees Discovered.   Palmetto 2 (3): 5.

Keywords: endangered species, endangered plants, rare plants, rare species.

      Womble, Hershell.   1984.   Florida Palms for Graceful Landscaping.   Palmetto 4 (2): 1-2.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Woodson, Constance Fenimore.   1983.   Yellow Jessamine.   Palmetto 3 (1): 1.

Gelesium sempervirens

      Workman, Dick.   1997.   Kitchenware from Wood: Safe through the Ages.   Palmetto 17 (2): 24, 30.

      Workman, Dick.   1995.   Primitive Technology or Making Do with Native Plants.   Palmetto 15 (4): 6-8.

      Workman, Dick.   1992.   Roadside Tree Planting in Florida Then and Now.   Palmetto 12 (4): 24.

Keywords:  native landscaping, transportation.

      Workman, Dick.   1982.   Book Review: Natural Landscaping: Designing with Native Plant Communities by John Diekelmann and Robert Schuster.   Palmetto 2 (3): 10.

Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

      Workman, Dick and Marjorie Shropshire.   2012.   Weaving a Serenoa Field Basket.   Palmetto 29 (2): 4-7.

      Workman, Richard.   1990.   The Alva Flower.   Palmetto 10 (1): 20.

The town of Alva is named after a plant!  Alvaradoa amorphoides.

      Wunderlich III, Richard.   2008.   The Sustainable Conference.   Palmetto 25 (3): 10.

      Wunderlin, Richard.   1992.   A Knotty Problem of Names.   Palmetto 12 (4): 8.

      Wunderlin, Richard P.   2002.   Rolla Milton Tryon Memorial.   Palmetto 21 (2): 9.

      Wunderlin, Richard P..   2002.   Where's the Proof? The Importance of Herbarium Specimens.   Palmetto 21 (2): 6.

      Wylly, Molly.   1992.   Audubon's Wild Poinsettia.   Palmetto 12 (4): 8.

      Yarlett, Lewis L.   1996.   Grass Roots the Unseen Resource.   Palmetto 16 (1): 19.

      Yarlett, Lewis L.   1986.   Those Grass Names Where do They Come From?,.   Palmetto 6 (3): 7.

Keywords:  plant identification, taxonomy.

      Yarlett, Lewis L.   1984.   Cutthroat Grass.   Palmetto 4 (1): 11.

Panicum abscissum.  Note:  the name has been changed to Coleataenia abscissa. Keywords:  endangered plants, endangered species, rare plants, rare species.

      Yarlett, Lewis L..   1984.   The Grass-Likes.   Palmetto 4 (4): 3.

Keywords:  plant identification.

      Zakarkaite, Kristina and Jack Putz.   2017.   American lotus and its cose Asian counterpart.   Palmetto 34 (2): 11-15.

This article discusses the origins of the American lotus and its genetic ties to the Asican lotus to which it is closely related.

      Zarillo, Kim.   2000.   Margaret Hames, an interview.   Palmetto 20 (1): 20-21.

      Zona, Scott.   1994.   Beautyberry, An Under-used Native.   Palmetto 14 (1): 3-4.

Callicarpa americana Keywords:  native landscaping, gardening.

The Palmetto

The Palmetto is the official magazine of the Florida Native Plant Society. It is provided to members as a thank you for supporting the Society and its mission.