Achillea millefolium

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Common Yarrow

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Plant Specifics

Size:to 3 ft tall by to 1 ft wide
Life Span:Short-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Brown
Noted for:Showy flowers, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Informal plantings, especially butterfly gardens. Useful for erosion control.
Considerations:In Florida, basal leaves are typically visible during the winter.
Propagation:Seed. Clumps of roots can be divided.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Broadly tolerant



Several cavity-nesting birds use yarrow to line their nests. Adding yarrow to nests may inhibit the growth of parasites. Some small birds eat the seeds.


Attracts butterflies, bees, and other insect pollinators. Attracts bees and butterflies. Larval host for Painted Lady butterfly (Vanessa cardui).

Native Habitats:Ruderal.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10B 8A 8B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Once used as a food; very popular as a vegetable in the seventeenth century. The younger leaves are said to be a pleasant leaf vegetable when cooked as spinach, or in a soup. Leaves can also be dried and used as a herb in cooking.
General Comments:

Can be grown as a groundcover.

This is a species on the southern limits of its range in North Florida.  Its known occurrence (ISB 2020) is sparse in FLorida.