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Giant Leather Fern
|Size:||6 - 12 ft tall by 5-10 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Evergreen. Fertile fronds present nearly year round.|
|Noted for:||Interesting foliage|
Specimen plant or mass background planting in moist areas. Could be used as a hedge. As this fern gets very tall, it is not appropriate as a groundcover.
Not drought tolerant.
|Availability:||Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Aquatic ----- to ----- Usually moist, occasional inundation)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Aquatic ----- to ----- Usually moist, occasional inundation|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Tolerant of inundation with brackish water|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.|
|Soil or other substrate:||Clay, Loam, Organic material (muck), Sand|
|Soil pH:||Circum neutral|
Used as cover.
|Native Habitats:||Brackish and freshwater marshes, swamps, river floodplains.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
Fiddleheads are edible. Fronds have been used as thatch.
Can be cut back to improve appearance, but should not be severely pruned more than once a year.
Spores cover undersides of leaves giving them a bi-color appearance.