Adiantum capillus-veneris

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Venus Maidenhair Fern, Southern Maidenhair


Plant Specifics

Size:Hanging or low-growing fern, 1-2 ft tall by 1 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:NA
Fruit Color:NA
Noted for:Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:

Small specimen plant or groundcover. Also grows well as a container plant. A good addition to a rock garden. Prefers settings that are well drained but moist (Osario 2001).


Spreads gradually and can be propagated by division. Also can be propagated by spores.

Availability:Friends, FNPS plant sales, Specialty providers
Light: Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Lime rock, Sand
Soil pH:Calcareous (high pH)



Said to be resistant to deer.

Native Habitats:

Moist hammocks and can grow attached to rock outcroppings if moisture is consistently present in the area.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:

Widespread but sparse distribution in Florida largely based on where limestone is exposed at the surface.  If you have limestone it is appropriate to plant it even if the location is not shown on the map.