Aesculus pavia

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Red Buckeye


Plant Specifics

Size:8-35 ft tall by 5-20 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Red
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Deciduous. Red blooms in early spring. Fruits ripen in fall.
Noted for:Showy flowers, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Use as a specimen plant or understory tree. May be single or multi-stemmed.
Considerations:Toxic fruits and foliage. Leaves drop earlier than other deciduous trees.
Propagation:Seed, stem cuttings.
Availability:Friends, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales
Light: Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:6.1-7.5


Native Habitats:Upland hardwood forests.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Native Americans crushed the seeds and young twigs and put them in water to stupefy fish for easier capture. Soap may be obtained from the roots and a black dye from the wood.