Amyris elemifera

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Torchwood, Sea Torchwood


Plant Specifics

Size:15-20 (40) ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Purple,black
Phenology:Evergreen. Blooms spring-fall.
Noted for:Aroma, fragrance, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Noted for its 3-parted glossy leaves. Can be used as as a specimen plant, screen, or possibly a hedge.
Propagation:Seed or separation of root suckers.
Availability:Native nurseries
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of inundation with brackish water
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:-
Soil pH:Calcareous



The fruit is eaten by birds and small mammals. Also used for cover or nesting by birds.


Larval host plant for Bahamian swallowtail (Heraclides andraemon), giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) and Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus) butterflies.

Native Habitats:Coastal uplands

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Said to be edible.
General Comments:Fragrant.