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|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Thorns|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen plant or background hedge.|
|Considerations:||When its huge triply compound leaves are shed in the fall, only the main thorny stem is left standing through the winter months--hence the name devil's walking stick. In the right situation, it can sucker aggressively.|
|Availability:||FNPS plant sales|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Tolerant of occasional/brief inundation such as can occur in storm surges.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
|Soil or other substrate:||Sand|
|Soil pH:||Acidic to neutral|
Birds and small mammals consume the fruit. Birds include nuthatches, orioles, chickadees, titmice, and warblers.
Attracts butterflies and bees. Documented bee species include Colletes mandibularis, Hylaeus confluens, Augochlora pura, Coelioxys dolichos, C. texana, Megachile mendica, M. xylocopoides, and Epeolus zonatus (Deyrup et al. 2002).
|Native Habitats:||The edges of dry hammocks and dry hardwood forests.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||The aromatic spicy roots and fruit were used by early settlers in home remedies, including a cure for toothaches.|