Asimina pygmea

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Dwarf Pawpaw, Gopherberry


Plant Specifics

Size:1.5 - 2.0 ft tall by 1 - 1.5 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White,red,green
Fruit Color:Green
Phenology:Blooms in late spring
Noted for:Showy flowers, Showy fruits


Recommended Uses:Specimen plant.
Considerations:difficult to establish because of long taproot.
Propagation:Usually grown from nursery stock. Difficult to transplant, minimize root disturbance and keep moist until established. Can be grown from seed.
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Sand
Soil pH:5.0 - 7.0



Birds and small wildlife consume the fruit.

The fruit of dwarf pawpaw is sometimes called gopherberry because the fruit is eaten by gopher tortoises.


Larval host to the Zebra Swallowtail butterfly (Eurytides marcellus)and pawpaw sphinx (Dolba hyloeus). Pollinated by flies and beetles.

Native Habitats:Flatwoods, scrub, sandhill

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Edible fruit.
General Comments:Flowers range from maroon to maroon and white, to maroon and green mixed. One common name is gopherberry - because golpher tortoise eat the fruit.