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Dwarf Pawpaw, Gopherberry
|Size:||1.5 - 2.0 ft tall by 1 - 1.5 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Blooms in late spring|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers, Showy fruits|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen plant.|
|Considerations:||difficult to establish because of long taproot.|
|Propagation:||Usually grown from nursery stock. Difficult to transplant, minimize root disturbance and keep moist until established. Can be grown from seed.|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Sand|
|Soil pH:||5.0 - 7.0|
Birds and small wildlife consume the fruit.
The fruit of dwarf pawpaw is sometimes called gopherberry because the fruit is eaten by gopher tortoises.
Larval host to the Zebra Swallowtail butterfly (Eurytides marcellus)and pawpaw sphinx (Dolba hyloeus). Pollinated by flies and beetles.
|Native Habitats:||Flatwoods, scrub, sandhill|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|General Comments:||Flowers range from maroon to maroon and white, to maroon and green mixed. One common name is gopherberry - because golpher tortoise eat the fruit.|