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|Size:||15 to 40 (60) ft tall by 10 to 30 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Evergreen. Sends up pheumatiphores. Seeds germinate on the tree.|
|Noted for:||Hurricane wind resistance|
|Recommended Uses:||Valued as a shoreline stabilization plant. Can also be used for screening.|
|Propagation:||Seed, but more often by propagule, which form while still attached to the mother plant.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, Seed|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Stays Wet ----- to ----- Stays Wet)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Stays Wet ----- to ----- Stays Wet|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Tolerant of frequent or regular inundation (usually areas with tidal inundation)|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.|
|Soil or other substrate:||Marine alluvium, Sand|
Provides good cover for birds and other wildlife.
Larval host for mangrove buckeye (Junonia evarete) butterfly. Nectar plant for a variety of pollinators including the great southern white (Ascia monuste) butterfly. Nectar used by butterflies. Pollinated by bees, wasps, and flies. (Landry, 2013).
|Native Habitats:||Coastal mangrove wetlands, usually somewhat upland of the red mangrove(Rhizophora mangle) when found together.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
The common name black mangrove is a reference to the color of the trunk and heartwood. The plant excretes salt from its leaves, an adaptation to a saline environment. Pneumataphores rise above the substrate and make this an important plant for coastline erosion prevention. This is a protected plant and you may not trim back or gather propagules without permission.