Baptisia simplicifolia

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Fabaceae (Leguminosae)

Plant Specifics

Size:1.5 to 3 ft tall.
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Pale yellow, greenish yellow
Fruit Color:Black, woody pods
Phenology:Winter dormant. Plant dries and breaks off becoming a tumbleweed.
Noted for:Showy flowers


Recommended Uses:Treat as a small shrub even though this is not woody or use as a background plant in a wildflower garden. 
Considerations:Toxic to livestock and humans.
Propagation:Seed (scarification  may be beneficial but not required).  
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Humus (organic, upland), Sand
Soil pH:Acidic to circum-neutral



Deer and rabbits browse the foliage, and as a legume it provides nutritious, protein-rich food. 


Larval host for wild indigo duskywing (Erynnis baptisiae) and Zarucco duskywing (Erynnis zarucco) butterflies.

Pollinated by bumble bees.

Native Habitats:Flatwoods, sandhills and other upland open pinelands

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:

This plant is a legume and its roots have nitrogen-fixing nodules on them. It is useful on nutrient poor soils.

Baptisia simplicifolia is a Florida endemic and is listed as Threatened by the FDACS.