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|Size:||2 - 4 (6) ft tall by 2-3 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Evergreen. Blooms year round but primarily in spring-summer. Forms clones (patches of genetically identical "stems").|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Native borders, foundation plant, especially in salty environments. Can be trimmed.|
|Considerations:||Suckers heavily forming large patches.|
|Propagation:||Seed, division, or cuttings.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, Seed|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Stays Wet ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Stays Wet ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Tolerant of inundation with brackish water|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.|
|Soil or other substrate:||-|
|Soil pH:||Calcareous (high pH)|
Birds and small mammals use the seeds.
Nectar plant for great southern white (Ascia monuste), gulf fritillary (Agraulis vanillae), large orange sulphur (Phoebis agarithe), southern broken-dash (Wallengrenia otho) and other butterflies (IRC website).
Attracts a variety of bees and other pollinators.
|Native Habitats:||Salt marsh, tidal flats.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|General Comments:||Natural range is restricted to coastal areas.|