Canella winterana

Photographs belong to the photographers who allow use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Cinnamon Bark, Wild Cinnamon, Pepper Cinnamon


Plant Specifics

Size:15-20 (30) ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Red
Fruit Color:Red
Phenology:Evergreen. Flowers in summer. All flowers within a plant bloom synchronously as functional females and after 24 hours they synchronously switch to functional males, helping to ensure cross-pollination. Fruits ripen in winter.
Noted for:Aroma, fragrance, Showy flowers, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Understory tree. Use as screen or specimen plant.
Availability:Native nurseries
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of inundation with brackish water
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Humus (organic, upland), Lime rock, Sand
Soil pH:Calcareous (high pH)



Fruits eaten by birds and small mammals.

Hummingbirds visit the flowers.


Nectar plant for Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemius) and other butterflies.


Native Habitats:Rockland hammock in coastal areas.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures



Canella winterana has been used medicinally to treat “female tiredness” by preparing a tonic made from boiling leaves and bark. Crushed leaves can be used to numb the pain of toothaches by placing them near the tooth. Tonics of the bark are also used to treat gastrointestinal issues.

The bark and berries are dried and crushed and used commercially as a spice. The bark has also been used to flavor tobacco.

General Comments:

It is listed as Endangered by the state of Florida.