Carya floridana

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Scrub Hickory


Plant Specifics

Size:15-30 (47) ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow,green
Fruit Color:Green,brown
Phenology:Deciduous. Blooms (inconspicuous) early spring. Fruits ripe in fall.
Noted for:Fall color, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Specimen tree. Use only where roots will be undisturbed.
Considerations:Nuts and leaf litter can be messy.
Propagation:Can be grown from seed.
Availability:Native nurseries
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Sand
Soil pH:Acidic to circum-neutral



Fruits eaten by small mammals. 


Larval host for many moths including; luna moth (Actias luna), hickory leafroller moth (Argyrotaenia juglandana), royal walnut moth (Citheronia regalis), and walnut sphinx (Amorpha juglandis.

The species is wind pollinated, but the honeybee has been observed collecting pollen from the catkins (Deyrup et al. 2002).

Native Habitats:Sandhill, clayhill, scrub

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Fruit is edible but hard to get to (takes a major whack on the shell).