Celtis laevigata

Hackberry, Sugarberry

Celtidaceae

Plant Specifics

Form:Tree
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow,NA
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Deciduous
Noted for:Interesting bark, Interesting foliage

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:Rarely used but suited to informal areas. Tolerant of root disturbance, so appropriate to parking lots and street tree uses.
Considerations:Somewhat weak. Shallow root system limits plants growing under it.
Propagation:Seed.
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Calcareous (high pH)

Ecology

Wildlife:
  

Fruits are eaten by a number of birds and small mammals.  Provides cover.

Insects:
 

  • Larval host for hackberry emperor (Asterocampa celtis), and mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) butterflies. Sole larval host plant for American snout (Libytheana carineta) in South Florida; also larval host for tawny emperor (Asterocampa clyton), question mark (Polygonia interrogationis) butterflies.
  • Wind pollinated.

Native Habitats:River floodplains, ruderal

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

General Comments:Interesting, warty bark on some specimens.