Celtis laevigata

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Hackberry, Sugarberry


Plant Specifics

Size:60 to 80 ft tall by 30 to 50 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow,NA
Fruit Color:Brown
Noted for:Interesting bark, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Rarely used but suited to informal areas. Tolerant of root disturbance, so appropriate to parking lots and street tree uses.
Considerations:Somewhat weak. Shallow root system limits plants growing under it.
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Calcareous (high pH)



Fruits are eaten by a number of birds and small mammals.  Provides cover.


  • Larval host for hackberry emperor (Asterocampa celtis), and mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) butterflies. Sole larval host plant for American snout (Libytheana carineta) in South Florida; also larval host for tawny emperor (Asterocampa clyton), question mark (Polygonia interrogationis) butterflies.
  • Wind pollinated.

Native Habitats:River floodplains, ruderal

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:Interesting, warty bark on some specimens.