Celtis laevigata

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Hackberry, Sugarberry


Plant Specifics

Size:60 to 80 ft tall by 30 to 50 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow,NA
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Deciduous. Inconspicuous blooms in early spring. Fruits ripe in fall. Lifespan up to 150 yrs (Nelson)
Noted for:Interesting bark, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Rarely used but suited to informal areas. Tolerant of root disturbance, so appropriate to parking lots and street tree uses.
Considerations:Somewhat weak. Shallow root system limits plants growing under it.
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Neutral to calcareous.



Fruits are eaten by a number of birds and small mammals.  Provides cover.


Larval host for hackberry emperor (Asterocampa celtis), and mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) butterflies. Sole larval host plant for American snout (Libytheana carineta) in South Florida; also larval host for tawny emperor (Asterocampa clyton), question mark (Polygonia interrogationis) butterflies.

Wind pollinated.

Native Habitats:River floodplains, ruderal

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:Interesting, warty bark on some specimens.