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|Size:||5 to 20 ft tall by 4 to 8 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Aroma, Fragrance, Showy flowers, Showy fruits|
|Recommended Uses:||Wetlands and wetland edges as a specimen plant with a pleasing multi-stemmed vase-shape.|
|Considerations:||Foliage is poisonous to livestock and humans.|
|Propagation:||Seed or hardwood cuttings. Seed does not need pre-treatment.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed, Specialty providers|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Stays Wet ----- to ----- Usually moist, occasional inundation)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Stays Wet ----- to ----- Usually moist, occasional inundation|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.|
|Soil or other substrate:||Clay, Loam, Organic material (muck), Sand|
|Soil pH:||Neutral to alkaline|
Deer browse the foliage. Ducks and other birds including jays, cardinals, nuthatches, titmice, warblers, and mockingbirds consume the seed.
Host plant to several moths including titan sphinx (Aellopos titan) and hydrangea sphinx (Darapsa versicolor) moths. (https://xerces.org/blog/planting-for-pollinators-button-bush).
Flowers are very attractive to a variety of insects including butterflies and bees.
|Native Habitats:||Marshes, swamps, river floodplains|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Has been used medicinally though there are potential issues. Dried leaves may be poisonous to pets.|
Noted for it's round satellite "ball" flowers and round "button" fruits. Fragrant.
Sources disagree on salt tolerance of this plant.