Chionanthus virginicus

Photographs belong to the photographers who allow use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

White Fringe Tree


Plant Specifics

Size:10-20 (30) ft tall by 8-15 (20) ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Blue-black
Phenology:Deciduous. Flowers and leaves emerge late in the spring and leaves fall early in the fall. Fruits ripe by fall.. Lifespan >50 yrs (Nelson).
Noted for:Aroma, fragrance, Showy flowers, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Specimen tree where a small drought-tolerant tree is desired.
Considerations:Flowers and leaves emerge late in the spring and leaves fall early in the fall. When not blooming, it's not outstanding.
Propagation:Stratified seed.
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Acidic (pH 5.5-6.5)



Fruits are eaten by birds and small mammals.  


 Larval host for rustic sphinx (Manduca rustica), waved sphinx (Ceratomia undulosa), and laurel sphinx (Sphinx kalmiae).

Native Habitats:Moist hammocks, but adaptable to many situations.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:Emerald ash borer is a problem in the northeast, and if it reaches Florida, it would likely be lethal to this species.