Chionanthus virginicus

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White Fringe Tree


Plant Specifics

Size:10-20 (30) ft tall by 8-15 (20) ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:NA
Phenology:Deciduous. Blooms in spring.
Noted for:Aroma, Fragrance, Showy flowers, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Specimen tree where a small drought-tolerant tree is desired.
Considerations:Flowers and leaves emerge late in the spring and leaves fall early in the fall. When not blooming, it's not outstanding.
Propagation:Stratified seed.
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Acidic



Fruits are eaten by birds and small mammals.  


 Larval host for rustic sphinx (Manduca rustica), waved sphinx (Ceratomia undulosa), and laurel sphinx (Sphinx kalmiae).

Native Habitats:Moist hammocks, but adaptable to many situations.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:Emerald ash borer is a problem in the northeast and if it reaches Florida, it would likely be lethal to this species.