Citharexylum spinosum

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Fiddlewood

Verbenaceae

Plant Specifics

Form:Shrub
Size:12 - 25 feet ft tall by to 12 feet ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Young fruits orange, mature to brown
Phenology:Evergreen. Flowers and fruits throughout the year.
Noted for:Aroma, Fragrance, Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Hurricane wind resistance

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:Wonderful in a mixed hedge, can be sheared to desired height, but the flowers and berries are too good to be missed. Excellent specimen plant. This plant is naturally multi-stemmed; to form a tree, the stems must be continually reduced to one until a trunk is formed.
Propagation:Seeds, cuttings
Availability:Friends, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries, Specialty providers
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Lime rock, Sand
Soil pH:5-8

Ecology

Wildlife:
  

Berries eaten by many species of wildlife.

Insects:
   

Native Habitats:Dry sites. Pinelands, maritime and sub-tropical or tropical hammocks

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

Ethnobotany:The strong and heavy wood of this plant are also the source of its name - it has long been used for musical instruments, including violins, guitars and others.
General Comments:The shiny green leaves, gently fragrant flowers and glossy berries make this a charming plant. Can occasionally be subject to defoliation by the moth larvae, but these are an excellent food source for birds and their nestlings, and the fiddlewood regenerates quickly.