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Also known as Citharexylum fruticosum
|Size:||12 - 25 feet ft tall by to 12 feet ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Fruit Color:||Young fruits orange, mature to brown|
|Phenology:||Evergreen. Dioecious. Flowers and fruits throughout the year. Moderately long lived (Nelson 2003)|
|Noted for:||Aroma, fragrance, Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Hurricane wind resistance|
|Recommended Uses:||Wonderful in a mixed hedge, can be sheared to desired height, but the flowers and berries are too good to be missed. Excellent specimen plant. This plant is naturally multi-stemmed; to form a tree, the stems must be continually reduced to one until a trunk is formed.|
|Availability:||Friends, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries, Specialty providers|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Lime rock, Sand|
Berries eaten by many species of bids and other wildlife.
Larval host for fiddlewood leafroller moth (Epicorsia oedipodalis) (Institute for Regional Conservation).
Nectar plant for butterflies.
Attracts bee pollinators.
|Native Habitats:||Dry sites. Pinelands, maritime and sub-tropical or tropical hammocks|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||The strong and heavy wood of this plant are also the source of its name - it has long been used for musical instruments, including violins, guitars and others.|
|General Comments:||The shiny green leaves, gently fragrant flowers and glossy berries make this a charming plant. Can occasionally be subject to defoliation by the moth larvae, but these are an excellent food source for birds and their nestlings, and the fiddlewood regenerates quickly.|