|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers, Showy fruits|
|Recommended Uses:||Grow on support such as a fence or trellis. Blooms late summer to mid-fall.|
|Considerations:||May become overly large if not trimmed.|
|Propagation:||Establish from seed, cuttings, or division.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, Seed|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Clay, Loam, Sand|
Attracts hummingbirds (https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/).
Larval host for the mournful thyris (Thyris sepulchralis).
Attracts bees (https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/).
|Native Habitats:||Wooded sites, disturbed areas, thickets near roadsides. Typically wet.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|General Comments:||Has male and female plants. Only the females will have showy seed heads.|