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|Size:||20-40 (50) ft tall by 20-40 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Evergreen. Flowers and fruits all year.|
|Noted for:||Showy fruits, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen plant, shade tree, hedge. Will tolerate shearing.|
|Propagation:||Seeds or cuttings.|
|Availability:||Big box stores, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Tolerant of frequent or regular inundation (usually areas with tidal inundation)|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.|
|Soil or other substrate:||Lime rock, Sand|
|Soil pH:||Calcareous (high pH)|
The seeds are primarily dispersed by water.
Nectar source and larval host plant for martial scrub hairstreak (Strymon martialis) and tantalus sphinx (Aellopos tantalus) .
Nectar plant for amethyst hairstreak (Chlorostrymon maesites) and other butterflies.
Attracts bees (http://www.tcbeekeepers.org/).
|Native Habitats:||Upper edges of mangrove swamps and on lower parts of dunes.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Wood has been used to make charcoal.|
|General Comments:||Two color morphs, green and silver. Since it often occurs along the upland margin of mangrove swamps, it is sometimes referred to as the 4th Florida mangrove.|