Conocarpus erectus

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Plant Specifics

Size:20-40 (50) ft tall by 20-40 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow,green,NA
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Evergreen. Flowers and fruits all year.
Noted for:Showy fruits, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Specimen plant, shade tree, hedge. Will tolerate shearing.
Propagation:Seeds or cuttings.
Availability:Big box stores, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of frequent or regular inundation (usually areas with tidal inundation)
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.
Soil or other substrate:Lime rock, Sand
Soil pH:Calcareous (high pH)



The seeds are primarily dispersed by water.


Nectar source and larval host plant for martial scrub hairstreak (Strymon martialis) and tantalus sphinx (Aellopos tantalus) .

Nectar plant for amethyst hairstreak (Chlorostrymon maesites) and other butterflies.

Attracts bees (


Native Habitats:Upper edges of mangrove swamps and on lower parts of dunes.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Wood has been used to make charcoal.
General Comments:Two color morphs, green and silver. Since it often occurs along the upland margin of mangrove swamps, it is sometimes referred to as the 4th Florida mangrove.