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|25-30 ft tall by 15-25 ft wide
|Deciduous. Blooms in spring. Fruits ripen in fall. Life span potentially up to 125 yrs but usually much shorter in cultivation (Nelson 2003).
|Fall color, Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Hurricane wind resistance
|Specimen tree. It is known for its showy white "flowers" in the spring. What appears to be the flower petals are actually large bracts. The true flowers occur in a group in the center of the bracts. They are small and yellow-green.
|Very sensitive to appropriate soils. Does poorly in neutral or alkaline soils. Dogwoods do not tolerate heavy foot traffic or extra soil piled around their root areas.
|Big box stores, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
|Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:
|Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:
|Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
|Soil or other substrate:
Birds and small mammals consume the fruit
Attracts long-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, wasps, flies, and butterflies.
Larval host for cecropia silkmoth (Hyalophora cecropia) and spring azure butterfly (Celastrina ladon).
|Mesic hardwood forests, pine-oak-hickory woods, mesic longleaf pinelands.
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|The bright red fruits are poisonous to humans but have been used as dyes. The wood is hard and has been values by artisans.
|This species may not survive well near the southern end of its range especially if grown in full sun and droughty conditions. And even if it does survive, it does not have the impact that it does in the north, where the flowers stand out in the landscape before any leaves emerge in the spring.