Cyrilla racemiflora

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Titi, Leatherwood


Plant Specifics

Size:20-30 ft tall by 10-20 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Deciduous north Florida becoming semi-evergreen in peninsular locations. Blooms in spring. May live over 100+ years (Nelson 2003)
Noted for:Fall color, Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Hedge plant.
Considerations:In unburned natural wetlands, this plant sometimes form almost impenetrable thickets along the edge.
Propagation:Seed and root cuttings.
Availability:Native nurseries
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Stays Wet ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding)
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Organic material (muck), Sand
Soil pH:Slightly acidic to calcareous



Birds and other wildlife consume the fruit.


Attracts bees (

Native Habitats:Swampy sites, wet pine flatwoods, sloughs and edges of cypress swamps, seepage swamps and bogs, savannas, other wet depressional areas.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Noted as a good honey plant.