Echinacea purpurea

Eastern Purple Coneflower

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Plant Specifics

Form:Flower
Life Span:Short-lived perennial
Flower Color:Pink,purple
Fruit Color:NA
Phenology:Winter dormant
Noted for:Showy flowers

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:Works well in almost any garden with mixed wildflower species. North of Florida, this species is sometimes planted as single-species mass plantings.
Considerations:The range of this species barely enters Florida, and in the one county where it occurs naturally, it is rare.
Propagation:This species is easily grown from seed or by division of existing clumps.
Availability:Big box stores, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Adaptable

Ecology

Wildlife:
  

Small birds and small mammals consume the seed.

Insects:
  

Attracts many pollinators, especially bees.

Native Habitats:Upland glades, openings in upland mixed forests on calcareous soils.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

Ethnobotany:Echinacea is believed by many people to stimulate the immune system
General Comments:Requires a reliable cold period to persist. In most of Florida it can be treated as an annual in gardens.