Echinacea purpurea

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Eastern Purple Coneflower

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Plant Specifics

Size:3-5 ft tall by 2-3 ft wide
Life Span:Short-lived perennial
Flower Color:Pink,purple
Fruit Color:NA
Phenology:Winter dormant. Blooms spring-fall.
Noted for:Showy flowers


Recommended Uses:Works well in almost any garden with mixed wildflower species. North of Florida, this species is sometimes planted as single-species mass plantings.
Considerations:The further south you go, the more short-lived this species gets.  Except in extreme north Florida, treat as an annual or at least don't assume that it will be a long-lasting perennial.
Propagation:This species is easily grown from seed or by division of existing clumps.
Availability:Big box stores, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Adaptable



Small birds and small mammals consume the seed.


Attracts many pollinators, especially bees.

Native Habitats:Upland glades, openings in upland mixed forests on calcareous soils.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Echinacea is believed by many people to stimulate the immune system
General Comments:

Requires a reliable cold period to persist. In most of Florida it can be treated as an annual in gardens.

Listed as Endangered by the State of Florida.  While this is a common garden plant in the north, its range barely reaches Florida, and it is rare and exists only in a highly specific habitate in the wild.