© Roger Hammer
Near Chattahoochee © Shirley Denton
Echinacea in home wildflower garden. © Shirley Denton
© Shirley Denton
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Find This Plant at a Native Nursery
Learn More About Plant Status in FL
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Eastern Purple Coneflower
|Size:||3-5 ft tall by 2-3 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Short-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Winter dormant. Blooms spring-fall.|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Works well in almost any garden with mixed wildflower species. North of Florida, this species is sometimes planted as single-species mass plantings.|
|Considerations:||The further south you go, the more short-lived this species gets. Except in extreme north Florida, treat as an annual or at least don't assume that it will be a long-lasting perennial.|
|Propagation:||This species is easily grown from seed or by division of existing clumps.|
|Availability:||Big box stores, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries, Seed|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.|
|Soil or other substrate:||Clay, Loam, Sand|
Small birds and small mammals consume the seed.
Attracts many pollinators, especially bees.
|Native Habitats:||Upland glades, openings in upland mixed forests on calcareous soils.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Echinacea is believed by many people to stimulate the immune system|
Requires a reliable cold period to persist. In most of Florida it can be treated as an annual in gardens.
Listed as Endangered by the State of Florida. While this is a common garden plant in the north, its range barely reaches Florida, and it is rare and exists only in a highly specific habitate in the wild.