Ficus citrifolia

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Wild Banyan-tree


Plant Specifics

Size:30-40 (70) ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:NA
Fruit Color:Red,purple
Noted for:Interesting bark, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Use as a specimen tree.  May be large.  May produce aerial roots, but less frequently than F. aurea.
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Humus (organic, upland), Lime rock
Soil pH:Alkaline



Many birds and other wildlife consume the fruit and find cover in this plant.


Larval host for ruddy daggerwing (Marpesia petreus) butterflies, Edwards' wasp (Lymire edwardsii) and fig sphinx (Pachylia ficus) moths.

It is pollinated by a host-specific wasp (Pegoscapus tonduzi).

Native Habitats:Dry-moist sites. Tropical hammocks.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures