Gaillardia pulchella

Blanket-flower, Gaillardia, Indian Blanket

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Plant Specifics

Size:.75 to 1.5 ft tall by .5 to 2.0 ft wide
Life Span:Annual to short-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow,orange,red
Fruit Color:NA
Phenology:Winter dormant
Noted for:Showy flowers


Recommended Uses:Cultivated flower beds, roadside wildflower plantings, wildflower garden. Typically grown as an annual though some plants may persist for several years.
Propagation:Seeds from deadheading the plant after the flowers dry up. Seeds are available through the Florida Wildflowers Growers Cooperative.
Availability:Big box stores, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH:7.0 to 8.5



Birds that eat the seeds include chickadees, titmice, and warblers.


Attracts many pollinators including native bees, honeybees, butterflies, butterflies and wasps.

Native Habitats:Dry sites, often near the coast.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:The Kiowa Indians believed the flowers brought luck. The Acoma and Laguna Indians rubbed the plant on mothers' breasts to wean infants, and believed an infusion of the plant improved a drummer's skills.
General Comments:It is difficult to know the native range of this plant in Florida as it has been widely planted on roadsides across much of the state at least since the 1700s.