Photographs belong to the photographers who allow use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.
|Size:||1-2 ft tall, similar in width, but spreads by rhizomes to form large colonies.|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Fall color, Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Groundcover for dry sites. Clonal (forms small clumps of stems).It has deep red foliage in fall.|
|Considerations:||Slow growing and difficult to establish.|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Sand|
Birds and small mammals eat the fruit.
Attracts native bees includeing Augochlorella aurata, A. gratiosa, Megachile breuis pseudobrevis, M. integrella plus the non-native Apis mellifera (honeybee) and Bombus irnpatiens (Deyrup et al. 2002).
|Native Habitats:||Sandhills, flatwoods, flatwoods, flatwoods-wetland transition zones, hydric seep slopes including cutthroat seeps and edges of shrub-tree bogs, scrubby flatwoods, scrub.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Edible. Sometimes used in pies and jams. Seedy.|