Gelsemium sempervirens

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Yellow Jesamine, Carolina Jasamine


Plant Specifics

Size:To 25 ft long vines.  
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Evergreen. Blooms late winter. Moderately-long lived (Nelson 2003).
Noted for:Aroma, fragrance, Showy flowers, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Train on a fence or arbor, allow to climb trees. Can be used as a groundcover but does not bloom well with that use.
Propagation:Seed and cuttings.
Availability:Big box stores, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Acidic



Attracts hummingbirds. 

Birds attracted to the fruits include warblers, grosbeaks, cardinals, mockinbirds, titmice, chickadees, and thrashers. 


Flowers attract bees and butterflies.  Bees include Habropoda laboriosa, Bornbus griseocollis, B. impatiens and Xylocopa virgilzica Krornbeini (Deyrup et al. 2002).

Native Habitats:Mesic to xeric hardwood forests and upland mixed forests, secondary woods, bluffs, floodplains, flatwoods, ruderal.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Toxic if eaten. Used in homeopathic medicine.
General Comments:Climbs by twining.