|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen tree. To avoid insect issues, best not to plant in large numbers.|
|Considerations:||Very sharp thorns. Tree is short-lived in the southern parts of its range (includes Florida).|
|Propagation:||Root cuttings. Also coppices readily. Seeds require cold treatment and scarification.|
|Availability:||Big box stores, Native nurseries|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
|Soil or other substrate:||Clay, Loam, Sand|
|Soil pH:||Neutral to somewhat calcareous|
The seed pods have edible sweet pulp and are eaten by deer, opossums, squirrels, crows, starlings, and quail.
Larval host for Epargyreus clarus (Silver-Spotted Skipper) and several moths including Catocala innubens (The Betrothed), Catocala minuta (Little Underwing), and Spiloloma lunilinea (Moon-Lined Moth).
Pollinated primarily by small bees and flies.
Other insect feeders include the treehoppers, leafhoppers, some bugs, and some beetles.
|Native Habitats:||Upper portions of riverine floodplains, fertile uplands, stream banks. Planted in upland areas.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Wood is hard and rot resistant. Used for fence posts.|
|General Comments:||Very thorny. In the northern parts of its range, a thornless cultivar is planted.|