Hamamelis virginiana

Witch-hazel

Hamamelidaceae

Plant Specifics

Form:Shrub
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Deciduous
Noted for:Showy flowers

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:Specimen or background plant. It is unusual in that it blooms in the fall.
Propagation:
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Light: Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:

Ecology

Wildlife:
  

The fruit is eaten by grouse, bobwhite, white-tailed deer, beaver and rabbit.  

Insects:

Pollinated by moths that are active on cooler nights consistent with the season of flower for witch hazel.  

Native Habitats:Dry mesic deciduous forests, bluffs, hammocks, sinks, floodplains, creek swamps.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

Ethnobotany:The bark and leaves have been used to produce astringent extracts that have been used variously as topical medications. The forked twigs of witch hazel are preferred as divining rods. An extract of the plant is used in the astringent witch hazel. The bark and leaves were used by native Americans in the treatment of external inflammations.
General Comments:This is one of the few shrubs that blooms in the fall.