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|Size:||to 15 ft tall by to 10 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Semi-evergreen. Blooms all year.|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers, Hurricane wind resistance|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen or hedge plant. Also works well in informal background thickets.|
This species is cold sensitive and will die back if it freezes
There are recent observations of the plant in north Florida where it appears to be naturalizing. This is "assissted migration" and could be an the that it may become invasive outside of its range
Readily available from native nurseries. Easily transplanted.
May sucker and suckers can be moved. Readily grows from seed.
Plants sold at big box stores are usually not the native variety.
|Availability:||Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Sand|
|Soil pH:||5.5 - 8.2|
Birds and small mammals eat the fruits
Birds are noted for dispersing the seed
Hummingbirds come for nectar
Larval host for the pluto sphinx moth
Butterflies, noted for attracting zebrawing
Attracts sphinx moths
Attracts long-tongued bees including bumblebees.
Dry sites. Coastal forests, upland forests, hammocks.
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
Closely related plants occur in the Caribbean and Central America. Yellow or orange flowering plants are not the Florida native.
In recent years plants have been found growing wild near homesites in north Florida -- what you plant can escape into the wild if planted beyond the natural range. Please plant responsibly - this plant has the potential to be invasive when used outside of its natural range. Please act responsibly.