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Also known as Helianthus atrorubens, Helianthus floridanus, Helianthus divaricatus Helianthus resinosus, Helianthus heterophyllus, Helianthus microcephalus, Helianthus strumosus, Helianthus hirsutus, Helianthus occidentalis
|Life Span:||Short-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Wildflower garden. Most species bloom best if in light shade or sun, though it does depend on species.|
|Propagation:||Depending on species, division and/or seed. Seeds are available through the Florida Wildflowers Growers Cooperative for H. angustifolius, H. debilis and H. radula|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade, Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Sand|
|Soil pH:||Acidic to neutral|
Birds love the seeds.
Bees and butterflies are attracted to sunflowers. The goldenrod soldier beetle (a.k.a. leatherwing beetle(, Chauliognathus pensylvanicus is a goldenrod pollinator (FL Wildflower Foundation).
|Native Habitats:||Flatwoods, woodlands, ruderal areas.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|General Comments:||For best results, use species naturally found in your area|