Hibiscus coccineus

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Scarlet Hibiscus


Plant Specifics

Size:5-8 ft tall by 2-4 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White,red
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Winter dormant. Blooms spring-summer.
Noted for:Showy flowers, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Specimen plant in moist areas. There is also a white-flowered variant.
Propagation:Seeds or division of roots. Seeds need some form of scarification (such as scraping with a file)
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Aquatic ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding)
Moisture Tolerance: Aquatic ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Organic material (muck)
Soil pH:



Attracts hummingbirds.


  • Larval host of  Gray Hairstreak, Painted Lady Butterfly, Common Checkered Skipper and Tropical Checkered Skipper butterflies and  four moths : Pearly Wood Nymph, Yellow Scallop Moth, Io Moth,  and Delightful Bird-Dropping Moths.
  • Attracts butterflies and  native bees (including the Rose-mallow Bee which is a Hibiscus specialist), beetles, etc. 

Native Habitats:Wet sites. Strands, sloughs, swamps, brackish and freshwater marshes; commonly in water.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:Its deeply divided leaves look somewhat like marijuana leaves(Cannabis spp.).