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|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Showy fruits, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen tree.|
|Considerations:||It's dioecious; so make sure you have at least one male plant in the vicinity to produce berries on the females.|
|Propagation:||Naturally clonal, so easily started from new offshoots. Seeds of most holly species require 2-3 years of dormancy before they will germinate.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade, Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Organic material (muck), Sand|
|Soil pH:||Acidic to circumneutral|
Fruits are eaten by birds.
Bees pollinate flowers. Documented bee visitors include Hylaeus confluens, Augochlorapura, Augochlorella gratiosa, Dialictus placidensis and Sphecodes heracle (Deyrup et al. 2002).
|Native Habitats:||Dome swamps, coastal flatwoods, transitional edges of dome swamps in flatwoods, coastal flatwoods, bay swamps, cutthroat seep.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|General Comments:||While naturally a wetland plant, this species does well across a broad array of cultural conditions.|