Ilex opaca var. arenicola
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|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Evergreen. Blooms in spring. Fruits ripen in fall and persist into winter.|
|Noted for:||Showy fruits, Interesting foliage, Thorns|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen plant. Slow growing.|
|Considerations:||Leaves have sharp spines. It's dioecious; so make sure you have at least one male plant in the vicinity to produce berries on the females.|
|Propagation:||Can be propagated from seed, but slow to germinate.|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Sand|
Fruits principally eaten by birds.
Pollinated by bees. Documented bee species include Augochloropsis sumptuosa, Megachilepetulans and Xylocopa virginica krombeini (Deyrup et al. 2002).
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||The wood is pale, tough, close-grained, takes a good polish, and is used for handles, engraving blocks, and cabinet work. It can also be dyed and used as a substitute for ebony.|