Ilex x attenuata

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East Palatka Holly


Plant Specifics

Size:20-25 ft tall by 20 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Red
Phenology:Evergreen. Self-fertile hybrid.
Noted for:Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Specimen plant. Plant where its shiny green foliage and bright red fruits can be seen.
Availability:Native nurseries, Quality nurseries
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Acidic to neutral



Fruits are eaten by birds.


Bees visit the flowers, but all plants are female.  This is apparently one of the few hollies where females will produce fruits without the presence of a male holly.

Native Habitats:Freshwater and brackish marshes.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:

This naturally occurring hybrid has become a landscaping favorite. Ilex x attenuata is a natural hybrid originally found growing in the wild in Florida.    It is a cross between I. cassine (dahoon) and I. opaca (American holly).  To the best of our knowledge, this holly was documented once in 1924, in Walton County.  It may no longer occur in nature.