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|Size:||to 80 ft ft tall by to 30 ft ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Deciduous. Blooms (inconspicuous) in spring. Fruit ripens in fall. Life span: 75+ years.|
|Noted for:||Aroma, fragrance, Fall color, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance|
|Recommended Uses:||Shade tree. This is a clone former, so it can also be used to provide screening or for an "island" of habitat for wildlife|
|Considerations:||Plant where its persistent bur-like fruits (gum balls) will not be underfoot. Also, its resinous leaves will stain cement driveways and car finishes.|
|Availability:||Big box stores, Native nurseries, Quality nurseries|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.|
|Soil or other substrate:||Clay, Loam, Sand|
|Soil pH:||Prefers acid but adaptable.|
Provides cover for birds and other animals.
Larval host plant for luna (Actias luna) moths.
|Native Habitats:||Dry-moist sites. River bottoms, upland hardwood forests, roadsides.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures