Liquidambar styraciflua

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Plant Specifics

Size:to 80 ft ft tall by to 30 ft ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:NA
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Deciduous. Blooms (inconspicuous) in spring. Fruit ripens in fall. Life span: 75+ years.
Noted for:Aroma, fragrance, Fall color, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Shade tree. This is a clone former, so it can also be used to provide screening or for an "island" of habitat for wildlife
Considerations:Plant where its persistent bur-like fruits (gum balls) will not be underfoot. Also, its resinous leaves will stain cement driveways and car finishes.
Availability:Big box stores, Native nurseries, Quality nurseries
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Prefers acid but adaptable.



Provides cover for birds and other animals.


Larval host plant for luna (Actias luna) moths.

Native Habitats:Dry-moist sites. River bottoms, upland hardwood forests, roadsides.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures