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|Size:||3-5 ft tall by 1 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Short-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Winter dormant. Blooms late summer-early winter. While perennial, some plants may die after flowering.|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Wildflower in moist garden, edge of water garden, understory plant in wet woods or stream edges|
|Propagation:||Seed, division, or cuttings.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade, Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Aquatic ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Aquatic ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Pond, lake, or stream bottom, Loam, Organic material (muck), Sand|
The nectar attracts various Swallowtail butterflies.
Bumblebees will steal nectar through slits in the tubular corolla.
Halictid bees sometimes gather pollen, but they are apparently ineffective at pollination (Hillty, ).
|Native Habitats:||Riverine swamps, spring run swamps, bogs, in mats of floating vegetation, wet ditches.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures