Lycium carolinianum

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Plant Specifics

Size:6-8 ft tall by 3-5 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Purple
Fruit Color:Red
Phenology:Evergreen unless drought-stressed. Blooms Fall into winter. Fruits in winter.
Noted for:Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Specimen plant, hedge plant
Considerations:Toxic to livestock. Green fruits toxic to humans.
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of inundation with brackish water
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.
Soil or other substrate:Marine alluvium, Sand
Soil pH:Calcareous (high pH)



  •  Fruits are eaten by birds (Florida Wildflower Foundation)
  • Attracts hummingbirds (Hammer)


Nectar plant for great southern white (Ascia monuste), gulf fritillary (Agraulis vanillae) and other butterflies as well as sphinx moths.

Native Habitats:Salt marsh, salt flats.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Fruit is said to be edible (ONLY IF RIPE) (reported by Plants for the Future)
General Comments:

Succulent foliage.

This plant is in the tomato family.  FNPS cannot vouch that the fruit is edible.