Lycium carolinianum

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Plant Specifics

Size:6-8 ft tall by 3-5 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Purple
Fruit Color:Red
Noted for:Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Specimen plant, hedge plant
Considerations:Toxic to livestock. Green fruits toxic to humans.
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of occasional/brief inundation such as can occur in storm surges.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.
Soil or other substrate:Marine alluvium, Sand
Soil pH:Calcareous (high pH)



 Fruits are eaten by birds (Florida Wildflower Foundation)


Nectar plant for great southern white (Ascia monuste), gulf fritillary (Agraulis vanillae) and other butterflies as well as sphinx moths.

Native Habitats:Salt marsh, salt flats.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Fruit is said to be edible (ONLY IF RIPE) (reported by Plants for the Future)
General Comments:

Succulent foliage.

This plant is in the tomato family.  FNPS cannot vouch that the fruit is edible.