Magnolia grandiflora

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Southern Magnolia


Plant Specifics

Size:50 - 65 ft tall by 15 - 50 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Red,brown
Phenology:Evergreen. Blooms late-spring into summer.
Noted for:Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Specimen tree. Can also be used in a woodland setting.  
Propagation:Propagation methods include the use of fresh seed (store in moist, cool area to statify), or semi-hardwood cuttings taken in summer.
Availability:Big box stores, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Acidic to circum-neutral



Fruits are eaten (and spread) by  squirrels, opossums, and birds including quail, and turkey.


Beetles are the primary pollinators. The flowers have a hardened carpel to avoid damage by their gnawing mandibles as they feed. The beetles are after the protein-rich pollen. Because the beetles are interesting in pollen and pollen alone, the flowers mature in a way that ensures cross pollination. The male parts mature first and offer said pollen. The female parts of the flower are second to mature. They produce no reward for the beetles but are instead believed to mimic the male parts, ensuring that the beetles will spend some time exploring and thus effectively pollinating the flowers (In Defense of Plants blog).

Native Habitats:Slope forest, dry-mesic to mesic upland hardwood forest.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Wood has been used in cabinetry.
General Comments:Note: There are cultivars, such as "Little Gem" sold in nurseries that originate from non-Florida stock (Little Gem is a North Carolina tree). Suitability for use in Florida will vary.