Mitchella repens

Partridge Berry, Twinberry

Rubiaceae

Plant Specifics

Form:Flower
Life Span:Short-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Red
Phenology:Evergreen
Noted for:Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:Typically grown as a curiosity. This is a very small plant that acts as a groundcover with the caveat that the plants are very small. Keep it in a natural forested setting or establish in such an area.
Propagation:Seed or division of existing groups of plants.
Availability:Friends, Seed
Light: Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Acid to neutral

Ecology

Wildlife:
  

Birds  and small mammals consume the berries which mature in the fall and are retained through the winter and spring. 

Insects:
 

Bumblebees pollinate the flowers. Cross-pollination, required for seed set, is controlled by factors that permit germination of pollen from long anthers only on the stigmas of a different flower with a long styles; conversely, pollen from short anthers can germinate only on the stigmas of a different flower with a short styles. (VNPS).

 

Native Habitats:Hammocks, upland hardwood forests, upland mixed forest, seep slopes, second bottom and levees in floodplains.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

General Comments:This  little plant produces two flowers with ovaries that fuse into a single fruit.