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Swamp Candleberry, Evergreen Bayberry
Also known as Myrica heterophylla, Myrica caroliniensis
|Size:||8-20 (12) ft tall by 4-15 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Aroma, Fragrance, Interesting foliage|
|Recommended Uses:||Screen or hedge plant. Deciduous to semi-evergreen.|
|Considerations:||Clonal: it usually sends up sprouts from its roots to form thickets. The wood is somewhat brittle, but it will grow back if cut to the ground.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, Seed|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Humus (organic, upland), Organic material (muck), Sand|
Fuits are eaten by birds, especially yellow-rumped warblers (which are very efficient at digesting the waxy fruits), in the fall and winter (NC State Extension Service)
It is a host plant for the Red-banded Hairstreak butterfly (NC State Extension Service)
|Native Habitats:||Wet sites. Bogs, swamps, flatwoods depressions, cutthroat seeps.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||The waxy coating on fruit can be used to make candles, similar to its northern cousin, the bayberry (M.pensylvanica). Leaves can be used as a substitute for bay leaf for cooking soups and stews.|
Foliage fragrant when crushed.
Bayberry is an actinorhizal plant: its roots feature nitrogen fixing nodules formed in symbiosis with the nitrogen fixing actinobacteria Frankia. Thus it is tolerant of nitrogen-poor, acidic soils such as wetlands and dunes.(Widipedia).
The range is disjunct within Florida.