Ostrya virginiana

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American Hophornbeam, Eastern Hophornbeam, Ironwood


Plant Specifics

Size:20-30 ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:NA
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Deciduous. Yellow fall color. Blooms in spring (inconspicuous). Fruits ripen in summer.
Noted for:Interesting bark, Fall color, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Small specimen tree. Also good as an understory tree. While rarely grown, this plant is very worth of use in the landscape.
Propagation:Seed. Occasionally available as a containerized plant.
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Light: Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Slightly acidic to neutral



Seeds are not popular with most birds, but it provides good cover.

Native Habitats:Dry-mesic deciduous woods. Hammocks, bluff microsites.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:

The wood is noted as being very strong, hence the common name "ironwood"

Does not do well much south of its natural range.