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American Hophornbeam, Eastern Hophornbeam, Ironwood
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Deciduous. Yellow fall color. Blooms in spring (inconspicuous). Fruits ripen in summer.|
|Noted for:||Interesting bark, Fall color, Hurricane wind resistance|
|Recommended Uses:||Small specimen tree. Also good as an understory tree. While rarely grown, this plant is very worth of use in the landscape.|
|Propagation:||Seed. Occasionally available as a containerized plant.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed|
|Light:||Part Shade, Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Clay, Loam, Sand|
|Soil pH:||Slightly acidic to neutral|
Seeds are not popular with most birds, but it provides good cover.
|Native Habitats:||Dry-mesic deciduous woods. Hammocks, bluff microsites.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
The wood is noted as being very strong, hence the common name "ironwood"
Does not do well much south of its natural range.