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|Size:||4-5 tall by 2-3 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Deciduous. Blooms in late July-December.|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Since this gets tall, plant it at the rear of a wildflower garden. Blooms in mid-fall with blooms concentrated at the tops of the stems.|
|Propagation:||Said to be easy to grow from seed.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, Seed|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Sand|
|Soil pH:||Acidic to circum-neutral|
Attracts butterflies and moths
Types of bees that have been observed visiting the flowers at the Archbold Biological Station (Deyrup and Deyrup 2015) include honey bees, bumble bees.plasterer bees, sweat bees, leafcutting bees, spider wasps, thread-waisted wasps, and vispid wasps.
|Native Habitats:||Scrub and scrubby flatwoods.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
Endemic to the Florida peninsula.