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Woodbine, Virginia Creeper
Also known as Ampelopsis hederacea
|Size:||to 40 ft|
|Phenology:||Deciduous. Blooms in spring. Fruits ripen in fall.|
|Noted for:||Fall color|
|Recommended Uses:||Allow to climb on trellis, trees, or building masonry. The tendrils of Virginia creeper are tipped with adhesive-like disks that gives the vine the ability of cementing itself to surfaces. Unlike many vines, these tendrils will not penetrate the surface of the masonry which can be detrimental to the structure. Can be used as a ground cover.|
|Considerations:||It should not be allowed to climb painted surfaces because this same adhesive-like material will bond to the surface and likely damage the paint . This plant can be overly aggressive and readily reseeds.|
|Propagation:||Seeds, cuttings, layering.|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade, Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
|Soil or other substrate:||Clay, Loam, Sand|
|Soil pH:||5.0 - 8.0|
Fruits eaten by a variety of birds and small mammals. Also used for shelter.
Pollinated by bees and other pollinators. Bees documented visiting this species include Colletes nudus, Augochloropsis metallica, Megachile mendica, and Apis mellifera (honeybee) (Deyrup et al. 2002).
Larval host for some sphynx moths.
|Native Habitats:||Dry-moist sites. Hammocks, riverine forests, coastal sites, flatwoods, thickets, disturbed woods.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Apparently a dye can be made from the fruits. Fruits said to be edible but not tasty. The Cherokee used an infusion made from this plant for the treatment of jaundice caused by liver problems. The Creek tribe use this plant as a treatment for gonorrhea. Many northern tribes had myriad medicinal applications for this plant.|