|Life Span:||Short-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Grow on a trellis or let climb a tree. Can also be used as a groundcover. Flowers are small but attractive. Blooms all year. Grown primarily as a larval host plant.|
|Propagation:||Seed (slow to sprout) and root division.|
|Availability:||Friends, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Sand|
|Soil pH:||Circum-neutral to calcareous.|
Animals eat the fruits.
Larval host for Gulf Fritillary (Agraulis vanillae), Julia Heliconian (Dryas iulia) and Zebra Heliconian (Heliconius charitonius).
Pollinated by bees.
|Native Habitats:||Pinelands, hammocks, shell middens.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Fruits said to be edible.|
|General Comments:||In some parts of the world, this is an invasive species. In Florida, it is well behaved.|