Picramnia pentandra

Photographs belong to the photographers who allow use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Florida Bitterbush


Plant Specifics

Size:10-15 ft tall by about 5 ft wide.
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Red
Noted for:Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Useful as a grouped planting or potentially a small specimen tree or large shrub.
Availability:Native nurseries
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of inundation with brackish water
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Sand
Soil pH:Acidic to neutral



Birds eat the seed. 

Dispersal is by birds and gravity.


Larval host for the bush sulphur butterfly, Urema dina helios

Attracts generalist pollinators.

Native Habitats:Tropical rockland hammock.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Used as a tonic.
General Comments:

Listed as Endangered by the FDACS.  Please acquire only from reputable sources that have any needed permits.

This has been known to escape outside of its range when cultivated.